Bachelor of Science with Major in Biology

This program is designed for students interested in obtaining a broad background in biology, with maximum flexibility in program design.  Students should consult with their adviser to develop an appropriate course of study.  For example, students anticipating a career in biotechnology or biomedical science research may emphasize coursework in molecular, cellular and developmental biology.  Students anticipating careers  with ecological and evolutionary applications may emphasize coursework that explores animal behavior, biodiversity, evolutionary history and interactions of organisms and their environments.

Required 120 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 30 of which must be from UND) including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (See University ES listing, minimum 39 total credits.) The following courses must be taken as part of the Essential Studies requirement:

ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
COMM 110Fundamentals of Public Speaking3
Total Credits9

II. 44 major hours including:

A. Core requirements (24 hours), all courses below:

BIOL 120Orientation to the Biology Major1
BIOL 150
BIOL 151
General Biology I
and General Biology II *
General Biology I Laboratory
and General Biology II Laboratory
BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 315Genetics3
BIOL 332General Ecology3
BIOL 341Cell Biology3
BIOL 480Senior Capstone Seminar **3
Total Credits24

Students who take BIOL 111 Concepts of Biology and BIOL 111L Concepts of Biology Laboratoryand earn a grade of "B" or higher in both of those courses prior to becoming a Biology major may complete the General Biology sequence by taking BIOL 150 General Biology Iand BIOL 150L General Biology I Laboratory.


Three credits for an accepted BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis can be substituted for the BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar with prior approval of the thesis topic by the Chair of Biology.

We strongly advise mastery of materials in all core courses except BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar prior to enrolling in other 300 or 400 level Biology courses.

At least 15 of the total 44 credits required for the BS degree must be taken in the UND Biology department, exclusive of the credits earned in other departments and institutions.

B. Advanced requirements (minimum 20 credit hours):

1. Electives. All 300 or 400 level Biology courses will count toward the 20 elective credit hours needed. Certain science courses in other departments may also qualify as electives (see examples below).

Students may include no more than ten combined credit hours from BIOL 494 Directed Studies; BIOL 492 Research; BIOL 491 Seminar, and BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis towards the total 44 credit hours required for this Biology major.

Up to two of the following courses from UND departments outside Biology can be applied toward the 20 elective credits required for a BS in Biology degree (lecture + lab = 1 course). Other courses will be considered on a case by case basis. To have a course considered, the student should provide a syllabus to the Department Chair.

Human Origins
Human Anatomy Physiology I
and Human Anatomy Physiology I Lab *
Human Anatomy Physiology II
and Human Anatomy Physiology II Lab
General Microbiology Lecture
and General Microbiology Laboratory
Introduction to Immunology
Advanced Biochemistry

 * Either BIMD 220/220L or BIMD 221/221L can count as an elective, but not both courses

  • BIMD 301 Biochemistry will not be allowed to fulfill elective requirements
  • BIMD 202 Introduction to Medical Microbiology Lecture/BIMD 202L Introduction to Medical Microbiology Laboratory will only be allowed with special permission of the Biology department Chair

2. Laboratory Requirement.  At least four upper-division Biology courses with laboratories must be included in the 44 hour major. The following labs or courses satisfy this requirement:

Courses fulfilling lab requirement *
Evolution Laboratory
Gen Ecology Lab
Systematic Botany
Cell Biol Lab
Parasitology Laboratory
Histology Lab
Animal Biology Laboratory
Molecular Biology Techniques
Ecological Genomics
Systems Biology
Birds Mammals
Wildlife Management
Aquatic Ecology
Fisheries Management
Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory
General Microbiology Laboratory

BIOL 494 Directed Studies or BIOL 492 Research may be counted as one upper-division laboratory requirement with appropriate documentation of the laboratory experience and approval by the supervising faculty member and the Biology Department Chairperson prior to taking the research credits.

III. Cognate requirements in other departments (29-32 credit hours):

Mathematics *
MATH 146Applied Calculus I **3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
General Chemistry
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
and General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
Fundamentals of Chemistry - Concepts
and Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory
and Inorganic Chemistry I
and Inorganic Chemistry I Laboratory ***
Organic Chemistry7-8
Survey of Organic Chemistry
and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory
and Biochemistry ****
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
and Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
and Biochemistry
Physical Sciences8
Introductory College Physics I
and Introductory College Physics II #
College Physics I
and College Physics II
University Physics I
and University Physics II
Statistical Methods and Data Interpretation
Select one of the following:3-4
Biostatistics ##
Sociological Statistics
Applied Statistical Methods

Students with a particular aptitude for mathematics should consider taking both MATH 165 Calculus I and MATH 166 Calculus II and should consult with their advisor regarding this potential option.


Pre-requisites for either course are the responsibility of the student.


The chemistry sequence CHEM 221, CHEM 221L, CHEM 254, and CHEM 254L is intended for students with a strong background and interest in chemistry and presumes some exposure to calculus


The sequence of CHEM 341 Organic Chemistry I and CHEM 342 Organic Chemistry II AND BIMD 301 Biochemistry is highly recommended for pre-medicine students because some medical schools require or prefer this combination.


Students planning to go to graduate or medical schools are strongly encouraged to take PHYS 211 College Physics I and PHYS 212 College Physics II or PHYS 251 University Physics I and PHYS 252 University Physics II for their Physical Sciences requirement.


Students may take BIOL 470 and have those credits count toward biology electives AND satisfy the statistics requirement.

Teacher Certification

Students seeking secondary teacher certification in Biology must complete the Department of Teaching and Learning requirements in Secondary Education (see Secondary Education listing).

These students must complete the B.S. with Major in Biology, the B.S. in Molecular and Integrative Biology, the B.S. with Major in Biology (Professional Health Sciences Emphasis), or the B.S. in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology and include the following five courses:

BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 332General Ecology3
BIOL 336Systematic Botany4
BIOL 341Cell Biology3
BIMD 302
General Microbiology Lecture
and General Microbiology Laboratory

These students must also complete at least four credit hours of earth science from the following:

GEOL 101
Introduction to Geology
and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
GEOG 121
Global Physical Environment
and Global Physical Environment Laboratory
GEOG 134
Introduction to Global Climate
and Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory

Other choices of courses in Biology should be made with the aid of a Biology adviser. Among the other requirements for the major, students seeking teacher certification must complete the following option.

CHEM 340
Survey of Organic Chemistry
and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory
BIMD 301Biochemistry3

Students interested in certification in both Biology and Physics should take

PHYS 211College Physics I (lab included)4
PHYS 212College Physics II (lab included)4
PHYS 213College Physics III (lab included)4

Formal admission to Teacher Education is required and is normally sought while enrolled in T&L 250 Introduction to Education(see Department of Teaching and Learning listing). Biology majors seeking secondary certification must have an adviser both in the Biology Department and in the Department of Teaching and Learning.