2014-2015 Catalog

Geography (Geog)

http://www.arts-sciences.und.edu/Geography

Atkinson, Hansen, Munski, Niedzielski, Rundquist (Chair), Todhunter, Vandeberg and Wang

The Department of Geography offers major and minor programs in the College of Arts and Sciences. The principal programs of study include human geography, physical geography, geographic education and geographic techniques. The undergraduate specialization in community and urban development provides the background education and training necessary for students to enter the field of rural and urban development. The undergraduate specialization in environmental geography prepares students for a career in environmental management. The undergraduate major provides a broad liberal arts education and prepares students for graduate study or for a professional career in government, industry, or education in a wide variety of fields related to urban and regional planning, economic development, environmental management, mapping, geographic information systems, or geographic education.

The geography minor is flexible and complements related coursework in anthropology, atmospheric science, aviation, biology, business, communications, education, geology, history, international business, meteorology, public administration, recreation and tourism studies, sociology or space studies.

The Department of Geography houses a state-of-the-art computer laboratory for work related to geographic information systems, remote sensing, digital image processing, mapping, spatial analysis and field methods. It also maintains a Census Data Center for information related to the Northern Plains. The Department has a wide array of field equipment, with a focus on tools needed for water sampling, soil sampling, and field spectroscopy.

 

 

College of Arts and Sciences

 

B.S. with a Major in Geography

Required: 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies Requirements (see University ES listing).

II. The following core curriculum courses for A and B options (22 credits):

GEOG 121
  & 121L
Global Physical Environment
   and Global Physical Environment Laboratory
4
GEOG 151Human Geography3
GEOG 161World Regional Geography3
GEOG 377
  & 377L
Quantitative Applications in Geography
   and Spatial Analysis Laboratory
3
GEOG 454Conservation of Resources *3
GEOG 471
  & 471L
Cartography and Visualization
   and Cartography and Visualization Laboratory
3
GEOG 474
  & 474L
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
   and GIS Laboratory
3
Total Credits22

 

*

Capstone Course

III. Select one of the following options:

A: Community and Urban Development Emphasis

This program provides an overview of geography as well as a thorough introduction to community and urban development. It is intended for students wishing to pursue graduate work or entry-level jobs in community development, economic development, urban planning, land use planning, transportation, or tourism.

Required
GEOG 352Economic Geography3
GEOG 457Urban Geography and Planning3
GEOG 458Community Development3
Electives *5
Introduction to Geopolitics
Geography of North America I
Geography of North Dakota
Special Topics in Geography
Environmental Hazards
Environmental Remote Sensing
   and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory
Global Positioning Systems: Applications and Theory
Cooperative Education
Selected Topics in Economic Geography
Historical Geography
Geopolitics
Population Geography
Regional Geography
Selected Topics in Geographic Information Systems
Required in other departments **12
Total Credits26

 

*

Electives chosen in consultation with the faculty adviser (at least 5 credits)

**

Any combination of courses from the following fields: Economics, Finance, Public Administration, Anthropology, Sociology, History, and other social sciences.

B: Environmental Geography Emphasis

This program provides an overview of geography and an introduction to the concepts and methods used in environmental management. It is intended for students wishing to pursue graduate work or a professional career in government, industry, or education in a wide variety of environmental fields.

Elective systematic courses *8
Introduction to Global Climate
   and Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory
Climatology
Environmental Hazards
Selected Topics in Physical Geography
Other electives **6
Economic Geography
Environmental Remote Sensing
   and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory
Global Positioning Systems: Applications and Theory
Cooperative Education
Urban Geography and Planning
Digital Image Processing
Selected Topics in Geographic Information Systems
Required in other departments ***12
Total Credits26

 

*

Elective systematic courses chosen in consultation with the faculty adviser (at least 8 credits).

**

Other electives chosen in consultation with the faculty adviser (6 credits)

***

Any combination of courses from the following fields: Atmospheric Science, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Civil Engineering, Geology and Geological Engineering, Math, and Physics.

C: Geographic Education Emphasis (Teacher Licensure)

Through a partnership with the College of Education and Human Development and the Department of Teaching and Learning, students may seek secondary licensure in Geography. This program provides a comprehensive background to geography. It is designed to prepare the student with the geography education necessary for a middle school or secondary school teaching career. The following program of study must be completed:

I. Essential Studies Requirements (see University ES listing).

II. Geographic Education Program of Study:

A. Geographic Education core (26 credits):

GEOG 121
  & 121L
Global Physical Environment
   and Global Physical Environment Laboratory
4
GEOG 151Human Geography3
GEOG 161World Regional Geography3
GEOG 271The Power of Maps3
GEOG 352Economic Geography3
GEOG 377
  & 377L
Quantitative Applications in Geography
   and Spatial Analysis Laboratory
3
GEOG 386Geography Education Field Placement1
GEOG 419Methods and Materials of Teaching Middle and Secondary School in Geographic Education3
GEOG 454Conservation of Resources3
Total Credits26

B. Electives (10 credits):

Students must choose a minimum of 10 credits from a combination of the following concentrations, selected with approval of the geography adviser responsible for teacher education.

Human Geography
GEOG 250Introduction to Geopolitics3
GEOG 300Special Topics in Geography1-3
GEOG 452Selected Topics in Economic Geography3-9
GEOG 453Historical Geography3
GEOG 455Geopolitics3
GEOG 457Urban Geography and Planning3
GEOG 458Community Development3
GEOG 459Population Geography3
Physical Geography
GEOG 134
  & 134L
Introduction to Global Climate
   and Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory
4
GEOG 300Special Topics in Geography1-3
GEOG 322Environmental Hazards3
GEOG 334Climatology3
GEOG 421Selected Topics in Physical Geography3-9
Regional Geography
GEOG 262Geography of North America I3
GEOG 263Geography of North Dakota3
GEOG 362Geography of Canada3
GEOG 462Geography of North America II3
GEOG 463Regional Geography2-9
Geographical Techniques
GEOG 374
  & 374L
Environmental Remote Sensing
   and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory
3
GEOG 378Global Positioning Systems: Applications and Theory2
GEOG 471
  & 471L
Cartography and Visualization
   and Cartography and Visualization Laboratory
3
GEOG 474
  & 474L
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
   and GIS Laboratory
3

III. Admission to the Secondary Program, normally while taking T&L 250 Introduction to Education. (See College of Education and Human Development for admission and licensing requirements.)

IV. The program in Secondary Education, to include:

T&L 250Introduction to Education3
T&L 339Technology for Teachers2
T&L 345Curriculum Development and Instruction3
T&L 350Development and Education of the Adolescent3
T&L 386Field Experience (Optional)1
GEOG 419Methods and Materials of Teaching Middle and Secondary School in Geographic Education3
T&L 432Classroom Management3
T&L 433Multicultural Education3
T&L 486Field Experience1
T&L 487Student Teaching16
T&L 488Senior Seminar1
Total Credits39

Geography majors seeking secondary licensure must have a geography education adviser in the Geography Department and an adviser in the Department of Teaching and Learning.

*

T&L 390 Special Topics, may be taken as an elective.

 

Minor in Geography

Required 20 credits including:

GEOG 121
  & 121L
Global Physical Environment
   and Global Physical Environment Laboratory
4
GEOG 151Human Geography3
GEOG 161World Regional Geography3
Electives10
Total Credits20

Students must choose a minimum of 10 credits from one or a combination of concentrations, selected with approval of a geography adviser.

The geography courses that may be used to satisfy the 4-credit Essential Studies laboratory science requirement are Geography 121 and 134.

Geography courses that may be used to satisfy the 9-credit Essential Studies social science requirement include: Geography 151, 161 and 262.

Courses

GEOG 121. Global Physical Environment. 3 Credits.

A study of the pattern of distribution of the physical elements of the global environment. The origin and characteristics of the terrestrial grid, earth-space relations, climate, landforms, vegetation, and soils. F,S,SS.

GEOG 121L. Global Physical Environment Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A basic environmental science laboratory to complement Geography 121. F,S,SS.

GEOG 134. Introduction to Global Climate. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the global climate, emphasizing atmospheric processes, weather and climate elements, and climate change. Emphasis is placed upon the factors that control climate and climatic distributions. S.

GEOG 134L. Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A basic physical science laboratory focused upon specific atmospheric-climatic phenomenon; wet and dry lab experiments, plus written lab exercises. S.

GEOG 151. Human Geography. 3 Credits.

A systematic analysis of people's cultural regions including settlement patterns and change via migration and diffusion. F,S.

GEOG 161. World Regional Geography. 3 Credits.

Development of the concept of region with analysis of the relationship of physical and cultural features to the contemporary world situation. F,S.

GEOG 250. Introduction to Geopolitics. 3 Credits.

As a branch of political geography, the study of Geopolitics is concerned with the spatial dynamics of power relations especially at the international level. From a geographic perspective, this course surveys changing relations among states and the influences of national and transnational actors and events. The course attempts to help students apply a broad range of theoretical perspectives to the analysis of global and regional issues and events, and develop insights into what is happening in the world today. From war and terrorism to economic globalization, human rights and sustainable development, this course will explore a myriad of important issues and challenges that face the world today. S.

GEOG 262. Geography of North America I. 3 Credits.

A spatial approach to the development of Canada and the United States which emphasizes the transformation of the cultural landscape by exploring the contributions of the diverse peoples who inhabit the two nation-states and deal with a global economy. F.

GEOG 263. Geography of North Dakota. 3 Credits.

Study of the interrelationships that exist between North Dakota's physical and cultural environments. Specific topics include physiography, climate, flora, prehistoric occupation, historic development, demography, and economic structures. S.

GEOG 271. The Power of Maps. 3 Credits.

Maps are essential and powerful tools for those who study geographical phenomena. Improvements in GIS and the World Wide Web (WWW) have empowered more people to make and use maps in highly varied and creative ways. This course serves as an introduction to maps and cartography, with emphasis on their role in GIS and on the WWW. Course content includes the characteristics of geographic data, the map abstraction and generalization process, map types and uses, and map interpretation. The course covers technical and social issues relevant to mapping, as well as a survey of map application. S, even years.

GEOG 300. Special Topics in Geography. 1-3 Credits.

Topic of course will change from semester to semester but will typically emphasize recent developments in geography. Repeatable to six credits. F,S,SS.

GEOG 314. Conservation Of Resources. 3 Credits.

GEOG 319. Geography for Teachers. 2 Credits.

Geographical concepts and basic philosophy including a survey of the literature which forms the basis for analysis and application of current techniques in the field of geography. F.

GEOG 319L. Geography for Teachers Lab. 1 Credit.

Applications of map reading and interpretation with emphasis upon geospatial technologies specific to K-12 classrooms with emphasis upon laboratory work and field site visits to local schools to practice those skills and techniques in appropriate educational settings. Prerequisites: Undergraduates pursuing licensure for teaching social studies or for teaching geography, or by instructor permission. Corequisite: GEOG 319. F.

GEOG 322. Environmental Hazards. 3 Credits.

An overview of the field of environmental hazards emphasizing risk assessment, hazard impacts, human vulnerability, and hazard mitigation. Prerequisites: GEOG 121 and GEOG 161 or consent of instructor. F, even years.

GEOG 334. Climatology. 3 Credits.

An overview of the field of climatology, emphasizing surface transfers of energy and water, the general circulation of the atmosphere, and climate change. Prerequisites: GEOG 134 or ATSC 110. S, odd years.

GEOG 352. Economic Geography. 3 Credits.

A study of the local, national, and global economic life describing and explaining the geographic factor involved in the production, distribution, and consumption of the major commodities and resources of the world. Special emphasis is placed upon the global issue of the underdeveloped or Third World countries and theories, which have been, developed to explain spatial structure. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. F.

GEOG 362. Geography of Canada. 3 Credits.

A regional and topical analysis of the physical, cultural and economic features of Canada. S.

GEOG 374. Environmental Remote Sensing. 2 Credits.

A thorough examination of optical, infrared, and microwave methods for remote observation of Earth systems, with a focus on the use of aircraft and satellite data for addressing environmental problems. The course includes an overview of modern remote sensing systems for data collection at a variety of scales, as well as an introduction to digital image processing. Corequisite: GEOG 374L. F.

GEOG 374L. Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A systematic coverage of visual and digital laboratory techniques used to interpret aerial photography and satellite imagery. Students gain hands-on experience assessing environmental problems using remotely sensed data. Corequisite: GEOG 374. F.

GEOG 377. Quantitative Applications in Geography. 2 Credits.

Application of statistical and mathematical techniques to research topics in geography. Prerequisite: MATH 103 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOG 377L. Spatial Analysis Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Practical applications of statistical and mathematical techniques for geographic problems. Students work on projects which involve solving problems by spatial-oriented computations Use of relevant statistical programs on computers are emphasized. Prerequisite: MATH 103. Corequisite: GEOG 377. F.

GEOG 378. Global Positioning Systems: Applications and Theory. 2 Credits.

This course examines the equipment, procedures, and techniques related to GPS technology, as well as its integration with Geographic Information Systems. Foci include the fundamentals of satellite navigation, the history of GPS, and applications related to mapping and analysis in the environmental sciences. Strong emphasis is placed on providing hands-on experience. S, even years.

GEOG 386. Geography Education Field Placement. 1-3 Credits.

A variable credit course with amount of credit depending upon the extent of the geographic education work of the student in a K-12 school setting. Recommended for secondary education social studies majors interested in how geography is taught at the high school level and for elementary/middle school social studies majors concerned about how federal legislation is affecting teaching grades K-8. Prerequisite: Department approval. F,S,SS.

GEOG 397. Cooperative Education. 1-6 Credits.

A practical work experience with an employer closely associated with geography. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisites: 60 credits completed and a minimum GPA of 2.75 or consent of Department Co-op Coordinator and Chair. F,S,SS.

GEOG 419. Methods and Materials of Teaching Middle and Secondary School in Geographic Education. 3 Credits.

Various teaching methods, strategies and the materials used in teaching middle and secondary school geographic education. Prerequisites: T&L 250 and T&L 345. Corequisite: T&L 486. S.

GEOG 421. Selected Topics in Physical Geography. 3 Credits.

An examination of an advanced physical geography topic chosen from field methods, biogeography, human impact on the environment, physiography, or others. Repeatable to nine credits if different topics are examined. Prerequisite: GEOG 121 or consent of instructor. F,S.

GEOG 452. Selected Topics in Economic Geography. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in economic geography including but not limited to industrial location, transportation, rural economic development, and others. Repeatable to nine credits if different titles are examined. Prerequisite: GEOG 151 or consent of instructor. On demand.

GEOG 453. Historical Geography. 3 Credits.

Using the spatial approach, landscape change is analyzed over time in various regions of the world using a variety of scales of study. Emphasis is placed upon the relationship of historical geography to historic preservation and tourism. On demand.

GEOG 454. Conservation of Resources. 3 Credits.

Geographic principles applied to the analysis of natural resources and their efficient utilization. Emphasis is on sustainable development. S.

GEOG 455. Geopolitics. 3 Credits.

Geographic analysis of the global political system and the significance of the nation-state, intergovernmental organizations, globalization, free trade, and terrorism with consideration of the broad political, social cultural, and economic contexts of world disputes. Prerequisite: GEOG 250 or consent of instructor. On demand.

GEOG 457. Urban Geography and Planning. 3 Credits.

This course examines the internal workings of cities from political, economic, and social perspectives. Geographic approaches to urban analysis are discussed, as are various methods for contemporary urban planning. Students learn to view the city as a geographic phenomenon created by human effort. S.

GEOG 458. Community Development. 3 Credits.

This course examines the historical evolution, conceptual framework, and implementation of community development. Students will be introduced to a broad range of community development issues from a geographical perspective with emphasis on local and statewide scales of study. Prerequisite: GEOG 151 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOG 459. Population Geography. 3 Credits.

The core components of population change (fertility, mortality, migration) are explored in the context of contemporary and historical population debates. The course focuses on understanding and critcally assessing global, regional, national, and local population trends and issues. Topics include the impact of population growth, spatial diffusion processes, migration trends and theories, aging of societies, and population policies. S, even years.

GEOG 462. Geography of North America II. 3 Credits.

A regional analysis of the physical, cultural, and economic features of a selected region or group of regions within North America. May be repeatable to six credits if a different region is examined. Prerequisite: GEOG 262 or consent of instructor. On demand.

GEOG 463. Regional Geography. 2-3 Credits.

A regional and topical analysis of the physical and cultural features with emphasis on one continent or region. May be repeated up to nine credits provided different regions and approaches are involved. S.

GEOG 471. Cartography and Visualization. 2 Credits.

This course examines the art, science, and technology of cartography and visualization. It familiarizes students with basic cartographic principles and with GIS, both of which are applicable to a wide range of professional fields and academic disciplines. Students learn how maps are designed and used to accurately represent and effectively communicate spatial phenomena and relationships. The course also includes a discussion of selection of proper thematic mapping techniques. Corequisite: GEOG 471L. F.

GEOG 471L. Cartography and Visualization Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Students apply concepts learned in GEOG 471 to produce accurate, appropriate and well-designed maps using GIS software. Lab activities hone the ability of students to be informed producers and consumers of maps and provide hands-on experience that demonstrates how maps function as a communicative visual medium. Corequisite: GEOG 471. F.

GEOG 474. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). 2 Credits.

An introductory course that examines the digital representation, manipulation, and analysis of geographic data, with emphasis on the analytical capabilities that GIS brings to bear on the solution of geographic problems. Prerequisites: GEOG 471 and 471L or equivalent or consent of instructor. Corequisite: GEOG 474L. F,S.

GEOG 474L. GIS Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Hands-on application of theory and methods associated with digital spatial data representation, manipulation, and analysis. Corequisite: GEOG 474. F,S.

GEOG 475. Digital Image Processing. 3 Credits.

A course focused on the concepts and principles involved in the use of digital remotely sensed data as they are applied to environmental monitoring and natural resource management. Emphasis is placed on algorithm development and 'hands-on' application of digital techniques to select imagery. Prerequisites: GEOG 374 and 374L. S.

GEOG 476. Selected Topics in Geographic Information Systems. 3 Credits.

An examination of a specific application area or set of techniques in GIS including, but not limited to, Business GIS, Environmental GIS, GIS Databases, GIS Scripting and Web-Based GIS. Repeatable to six credits if different topics are examined. Prerequisites: GEOG 474 and GEOG 474L or instructor consent. On demand.

GEOG 494. Directed Studies in Geographical Problems. 1-3 Credits.

Designed for students who wish to explore advanced topics in Geography on an individual or small group basis. May be repeated to a maximum of six credit hours. Prerequisites: Upper division status and consent of instructor. F,S,SS.

GEOG 497. Geography Internship. 1-3 Credits.

Must involve work of a geographical nature performed as an unpaid volunteer to a PVO, NGO, youth organization, service organization or other not-for-pay jobs either on or off campus. May be repeated to a maximum of three credit hours. Prerequisite: Geography major or minor or consent of the supervising faculty member. F,S,SS.

Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
1.800.CALL.UND
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382