2014-2015 Catalog

Geology

http://www.geology.und.edu/

FACULTY: Forsman, Gerla, Gosnold, Hartman (Chair), Korom (Director of Geological Engineering), LeFever (Graduate Program Director), Matheney, Perkins, Putkonen and Yarbrough

Degrees Granted: Master of Science (M.S.), Master of Arts (M.A.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

The Department of Geology and Geological Engineering offers programs of study leading to the degrees Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy. Research emphasis is currently in the following areas:

  1. hydrogeology and environmental geology;
  2. economic geology of petroleum and coal;
  3. sedimentology, stratigraphy, and paleontology;
  4. glacial geology, geomorphology, and soils;
  5. petrology and geochemistry;
  6. geophysics and tectonics;
  7. engineering geology and,
  8. interdisciplinary geological projects involving several research areas including integrated basin analysis, ecohydrology, climate change, carbon sequestration, remote sensing, and underground coal gasification.

Details pertaining to admission requirements, degree requirements and courses offered can be found in the Degree section.

Master of Science (M.S.)

Mission Statement and Program Goals

The Geology Graduate Program provides instruction and research opportunities for graduate students in the geological sciences, maintains and develops geological research at UND, and serves the community, state, and region.

Goal 1: Graduate students will be able to communicate effectively in writing and through oral presentation.

Goal 2: Graduates of our program shall be employable in Earth science professions.

Goal 3: Graduate students shall be proficient in recently developed computational, laboratory, and field technology, and instrumentation.

Goal 4: Graduate students shall be up-to-date concerning current trends in the geological sciences.

Goal 5: Graduate students shall have a broad knowledge of geology.

Goal 6: Graduate students shall do well in their coursework, demonstrating acquisition of knowledge and skills in the Earth sciences.

Goal 7: Graduate students shall have advanced and indepth training in their chosen field.

Goal 8: The faculty who teach and advise geology graduate students shall be actively engaged in research and serve as excellent role models.

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Mission Statement and Program Goals

The Geology Graduate Program provides instruction and research opportunities for graduate students in the geological sciences, maintains and develops geological research at UND, and serves the community, state, and region.

Goal 1: Graduate students will be able to communicate effectively in writing and through oral presentation.

Goal 2: Graduates of our program shall be employable in Earth science professions.

Goal 3: Graduate students shall be proficient in recently developed computational, laboratory, and field technology and instrumentation.

Goal 4: Graduate students shall be up-to-date concerning current trends in the geological sciences.

Goal 5: Graduate students shall have a broad knowledge of geology.

Goal 6: Graduate students shall do well in their coursework, demonstrating acquisition of knowledge and skills in the Earth sciences.

Goal 7: Graduate students shall have advanced and indepth training in their chosen field.

Goal 8: The faculty who teach and advise geology graduate students shall be actively engaged in research and serve as excellent role models.

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Mission Statement and Program Goals

The Geology Graduate Program provides instruction and research opportunities for graduate students in the geological sciences, maintains and develops geological research at UND, and serves the community, state, and region.

Goal 1: Graduate students will be able to communicate effectively in writing and through oral presentation.

Goal 2: Graduates of our program shall be employable in Earth science professions.

Goal 3: Graduate students shall be proficient in recently developed computational, laboratory, and field technology and instrumentation.

Goal 4: Graduate students shall be up-to-date concerning current trends in the geological sciences.

Goal 5: Graduate students shall have a broad knowledge of geology.

Goal 6: Graduate students shall do well in their coursework, demonstrating acquisition of knowledge and skills in the Earth sciences.

Goal 7: Graduate students shall have advanced and indepth training in their chosen field.

Goal 8: The faculty who teach and advise geology graduate students shall be actively engaged in research and serve as excellent role models.

 

Master of Science (M.S.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirement as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology M.S. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient course work, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. For “approved” status, students must have completed a 5-6 credit hour geology field course, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting science and mathematics, as determined by the department graduate admissions committee.
  3. For all graduate programs in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, a cumulative 3.0 or higher grade point average is required.
  4. Submission of a Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general test score is strongly recommended if you do not have a degree in geology. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application.
  5. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies’ English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

Undergraduate students in the Geology, Geological Engineering, or Environmental Geoscience majors are eligible for early admission to the M.S. program on qualified status, providing that they have:

  1. Completed 95 semester credit hours of coursework.
  2. Completed 30 semester hours of coursework and 8 hours of upper division coursework in the geological sciences, including the equivalent of physical and historical geology.
  3. Achieved a GPA of 3.0 or better in the geological sciences.

Advancement to Approved status will occur when the student has completed the graduation requirements for the bachelor’s program they are enrolled in, and when all deficiencies have been removed.

Undergraduate students admitted on qualified status are eligible to take 500-level courses in their last two semesters prior to completing the bachelor’s degree requirements. Students must complete the petition titled, “Graduate Credit as an Undergraduate Student” prior to registering for the courses. Such courses could be included in the 30 credit hours for the degree and could appear in the program of study.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Master of Science degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as particular requirements set forth by the Geology and Geological Engineering Department.

  1. A minimum of 30 semester credits in a major field, including the credits granted for the thesis and the research leading to the thesis.
  2. At least one-half of the credits must be at or above the 500-level.
  3. A maximum of one-fourth of the credit hours required for the degree may be transferred from another institution.
  4. A minimum of 6 semester credits (undergraduate or graduate) must come from each subject area listed below:
    1. mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry
    2. sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, geomorphology
    3. structural geology, geophysics, hydrogeology
  5. Up to 12 hours of 300-400 level coursework in geology (and of courses listed in the Graduate section of the catalog) may be taken for graduate credit.

The time normally needed to complete the requirements for the master’s degree in geology is about two years of full-time work. Students with graduate teaching or research assistantships may need more time.

 

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology M.A. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient coursework, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. For “approved” status, students must have completed a 5-6 credit hour geology field course, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting science and mathematics, as determined by the department graduate admissions committee.
  3. For all graduate programs in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, a cumulative 3.0 or higher grade point average is required.
  4. Submission of a Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general test score is strongly recommended if you do not have a degree in geology. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application.
  5. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies’ English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.
  6. Students who have received a bachelor’s degree or higher from the United States or English-speaking Canada are not required to submit the TOEFL.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

Undergraduate students in the Geology, Geological Engineering, or Environmental Geoscience majors are eligible for early admission to the M.A. program on qualified status, providing that they have:

  1. Completed 95 semester credit hours of coursework.
  2. Completed 30 semester hours of coursework and 8 hours of upper division coursework in the geological sciences, including the equivalent of physical and historical geology.
  3. Achieved a GPA of 3.0 or better in the geological sciences.

Advancement to Approved status will occur when the student has completed the graduation requirements for the bachelor’s program they are enrolled in, and when all deficiencies have been removed.

Undergraduate students admitted on qualified status are eligible to take 500-level courses in their last two semesters prior to completing the bachelor’s degree requirements. Students must complete the petition titled “Graduate Credits as an Undergraduate Student” prior to registering for the courses. Such courses could be included in the 30 credit hours for the degree and could appear on the program of study.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Master of Arts degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as particular requirements set forth by the Geology and Geological Engineering Department.

  1. A minimum of 30 semester credits in a major field, including the credits granted for the thesis and the research leading to the thesis.
  2. At least one-half of the credits must be at or above the 500-level.
  3. A maximum of one-fourth of the credit hours required for the degree may be transferred from another institution.
  4. A minimum of 6 semester credits (undergraduate or graduate) must come from each subject area listed below:
    1. mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry
    2. sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, geomorphology
    3. structural geology, geophysics, hydrogeology
  5. Up to 12 hours of 300-400 level coursework in geology (and of courses listed in the Graduate section of the catalog) may be taken for graduate credit.

The time normally needed to complete the requirements for the master’s degree in geology is about two years of full-time work. Students with graduate teaching or research assistantships may need more time.

 

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology Ph.D. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient coursework, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. For “approved” status, students must have completed a 5-6 credit hour geology field course, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting science and mathematics, as determined by the department graduate admissions committee.
  3. For all graduate programs in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, a cumulative 3.0 or higher grade point average is required.
  4. Submission of a Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general test score is strongly recommended if you do not have a degree in geology. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application.
  5. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies’ English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Doctor of Philosophy degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as particular requirements set forth by the Geology and Geological Engineering Department.

Students normally take the equivalent of three years of full-time work beyond the master’s degree for the doctorate.

  1. Completion of 90 semester credits beyond the baccalaureate degree.
  2. Maintenance of at least a 3.0 GPA for all classes completed as a graduate student.
  3. With approval of a student’s Faculty Advisory Committee, up to one-half of the work beyond a master’s degree (maximum of 30 semester credit hours) may be transferred from another institution that offers post-master’s degrees in the discipline.
  4. A qualifying examination may be required before the end of the student’s first year in a doctoral program.
  5. Demonstration of:
    1. proficiency in two foreign languages, or
    2. proficiency in one foreign language and two scholarly tools courses, or
    3. proficiency in four scholarly tools courses (scholarly tools courses typically are advanced undergraduate courses in related fields in mathematics, science, or engineering).
  6. Completion of a dissertation, which incorporates independent work that is an original contribution to knowledge.

GEOE Courses

GEOE 996. Continuing Enrollment. 1-12 Credits.

GEOE 998. Thesis. 1-9 Credits.


Undergraduate Courses for Graduate Credit

GEOE 323. Engineering Geology. 4 Credits.

Application of geological and environmental principles to geotechnical engineering design, construction, and operation. Prerequisites: One introductory geology course, MATH 165 and upper division standing in geology or engineering. On demand.

GEOE 417. Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Physical and chemical aspects of groundwater movement, supply, and contamination. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 or CHEM 221; MATH 166 or consent of instuctor. F.

GEOE 418. Hydrogeological Methods. 2 Credits.

Field and laboratory methods used in hydrogeology; techniques of drilling, well and piezometer installation, determination of aquifer parameters, geophysical exploration, soil classification and analysis, ground water sampling and analysis. Includes field trip. Prerequisite: GEOE 417. F.

GEOE 419. Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation. 3 Credits.

Statistical methods for groundwater sampling and monitoring network design. Groundwater remediation and design; including strategies that remove contaminants for external treatment and strategies for in-situ contaminant treatment. Prerequisites: MATH 166, GEOE 417 and a statistics course (ECON 210, PSYC 241, MATH 321 or MATH 353) or consent of instructor. S.

GEOE 425. Design Hydrology for Wetlands. 3 Credits.

Principles of chemistry, geology, hydraulics, and hydrology applied to natural and constructed wetlands and other small catchments. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 and either CE 306/ME 306 or GEOE 417. S.

GEOE 427. Groundwater Modeling. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of numerical modeling applied to groundwater flow. Short programs using the finite difference method will be written to demonstrate groundwater movement and storage. Simulation of practical groundwater problems will be carried out using the U.S. Geological Survey's MODFLOW code. Prerequisites: GEOE 417 and MATH 265; some programming experience is recommended. F.

GEOE 455. Geomechanics. 3 Credits.

Principles of geomechanics and its application to petroleum and geological engineering. Prerequisites: GEOE 323 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOL Courses

GEOL 500. Sedimentary Geology A,B,C&D. 1-4 Credits.

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

GEOL 505. Isotope Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Geochemistry and cosmochemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; isotope equilibria; applications in paleoclimatology, environmental isotope geochemistry, igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary petrology. Prerequisite: GEOL 321 or permission of instructor.

GEOL 506. Glacial Geology. 4 Credits.

Origin, growth, and movement of glaciers; landforms and deposits incident to glaciation. 3 hours lecture, 2 hours laboratory time per week. Prerequisite: GEOL 311.

GEOL 509. Advanced Mineralogy. 1-4 Credits.

Advanced study of specific mineral groups or selected topics in mineralogy. Prerequisite: GEOL 320. Recommended: GEOL 321.

GEOL 511. Advanced Structural Geology. 4 Credits.

Reading and research in special topics in structural geology and geotectonics.

GEOL 512. Advanced Petrology. 1-4 Credits.

Selected topics in petrology taught using conventional lecture and laboratory/field approach. Prerequisite: GEOL 320.

GEOL 515. Advanced Paleontology. 3-4 Credits.

Prerequisites: GEOL 415 and BIOL 150, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 518. Topics in Advanced Stratigraphy. 2-4 Credits.

Selected topics in lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy. Prerequisites: GEOL 411, GEOL 415.

GEOL 520. Statistical Applications in Geology. 3 Credits.

The application of statistical techniques to geologic data and problems, with emphasis on analysis of geologic sequences, map analysis, and multivariate analysis of geologic data. Prerequisites: An introductory statistics course, such as CTL 515 or PSYC 241, and consent of instructor.

GEOL 522. History and Philosophy of Geology. 3 Credits.

Historical and philosophical development of the science of geology. Prerequisite: Permssion of instructor.

GEOL 523. Topics in Advanced Geomorphology. 1-4 Credits.

Selected topics in geomorphic processes and landforms. Prerequisite: GEOL 311.

GEOL 525. Weathering and Soils. 3 Credits.

Properties and classification of soils; the factors and processes of weathering and soil formation. Prerequisite: GEOL 311 and GEOL 411, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 530. Advanced Physical Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in ground and soil water movement, fracture flow, analytical/numerical modeling, and groundwater supply. Prerequisites: GEOE 417, GEOE 427, MATH 265, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 531. Hydrogeochemistry. 3 Credits.

The origin, characteristics and modeling of surface and ground water geochemistry. Prerequisites: GEOL 321, MATH 166, or permission of instructor.

GEOL 532. Contaminant Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Chemical and physical processes affecting contaminant behavior in groundwater with analytical/numerical modeling and case studies. Prerequisites: GEOE 417, GEOE 427, MATH 265, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 540. Water Sampling and Analysis. 3 Credits.

Techniques of water and sediment sampling and analysis using equipment in the UND Water Quality Laboratory. Results are interpreted in the context of the natural systems from which the samples are taken. Enrollment is limited to eight students per section. A laboratory fee is required. Prerequisite: CHEM 121.

GEOL 590. Research. 1-4 Credits.

Laboratory, field, or library research on problems of interest (may be repeated).

GEOL 591. Directed Studies. 1-4 Credits.

Directed advanced research in a specialized field of geologic study (may be repeated).

GEOL 996. Continuing Enrollment. 1-12 Credits.

GEOL 997. Independent Study. 2 Credits.

GEOL 998. Thesis. 1-9 Credits.

GEOL 999. Dissertation. 2-12 Credits.

May be repeated up to 24 credits.


Undergraduate Courses for Graduate Credit

GEOL 311. Geomorphology. 4 Credits.

Dynamics of weathering, mass movement, running water, groundwater, waves, wind and ice in the production of landforms. Includes field trips and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165, PHYS 211, CHEM 121 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOL 320. Petrology. 3 Credits.

Description, classification and origin of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Field and laboratory study of rocks. Engineering properties of earth materials. Advanced aspects of optical mineralogy. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 318. F.

GEOL 321. Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Application of the principles of chemistry to geologic and hydrogeologic problems. Origin and distribution of the chemical elements. Introduction to radiochemistry, isotopic geochronology, and stable-isotope geochemistry. Prerequisites: GEOL 318, CHEM 122, and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 340. Digital Mapping Methods. 3 Credits.

This course integrates "hands-on" data acquisitions and map generation with an overview of the technology (GPS, lasers, and data management). Field projects focus on mapping methodology and laboratory projects focus on analysis and presentation. It is assumed that students have an undergraduate geology background and a basic knowledge of computer applications. Prerequisite: Junior Standing in geology.

GEOL 411. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 5 Credits.

Origin, transportation, deposition, and diagenesis of sediments; principles and applications of stratigraphy. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 320. S.

GEOL 414. Applied Geophysics. 3 Credits.

Principles of various geophysical methods and their application to geologic problems. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165; and PHYS 211 or 251. F.

GEOL 415. Introduction to Paleontology. 4 Credits.

The principles of paleontology/paleobiology are presented using fossils to document the evolutionary, stratigraphic, and paleoecologic history of animal and plant life on Earth. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 102. Recommended: BIOL 150, BIOL 151. F.

GEOL 422. Seminar II. 1 Credit.

Continuation of GEOL 421 experience. Preparation and delivery of oral presentations in science and engineering, culminating in oral presentation of senior thesis (Geol 490) or Engineering Design (485). Includes critical review of student presentations and departmental guest lectures. Prerequisites: GEOL 421, senior or graduate status in departmental major. F,S.

Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
1.800.CALL.UND
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382