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2015-2016 Catalog

Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering (Geol and GeoE)

http://www.geology.und.edu/

FACULTY: Forsman, Gerla, Gosnold, Hartman, Ho, LeFever, Matheney, Nordeng, Perkins, Putkonen and Wang

Degrees Granted:

The Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering offers programs of study leading to the following graduate degrees:

∙     Master of Arts (M.A.) in Geology

∙     Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology

∙     Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Geology

∙     Master of Science (M.S.) in Geological Engineering

The Harold Hamm School also offers programs leading to combined Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and Master of Science (M.S.) degrees in either Geology or Geological Engineering.

As part of their graduate degree requirements, students will normally conduct research and write a thesis/dissertation. Research emphasis is currently in the following areas:

  1.    hydrogeology and environmental geology
  2.    economic geology of petroleum and coal
  3.    sedimentology, stratigraphy, and paleontology
  4.    glacial geology, geomorphology, and soils
  5.    petrology and geochemistry
  6.    geophysics and tectonics
  7.    engineering geology
  8.    interdisciplinary geological projects involving several research areas including integrated basin analysis, ecohydrology, climate change, carbon sequestration, remote sensing, and underground coal gasification.

Details about the Master of Science in Geological Engineering degree, the combined B.S./M.S. degrees in Geological Engineering, or about pursuing an Engineering Ph.D. can be found in Engineering section of this catalog.

Information about the Geology degrees can be found below and by clicking on the links to the Degrees or Courses sections at the top of this page.

Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.), and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Geology

Mission Statement and Program Goals

The Geology Graduate Programs provide instruction and research opportunities for graduate students in the geological sciences, maintain and develop geological research at UND, and serve the community, state, and region.

Goal 1: Graduate students will be able to communicate effectively in writing and through oral presentation.

Goal 2: Graduates of our program shall be employable in Earth science professions.

Goal 3: Graduate students shall be proficient in recently developed computational, laboratory, and field technology and instrumentation.

Goal 4: Graduate students shall be up-to-date concerning current trends in the geological sciences.

Goal 5: Graduate students shall have a broad knowledge of geology.

Goal 6: Graduate students shall do well in their coursework, demonstrating acquisition of knowledge and skills in the Earth sciences.

Goal 7: Graduate students shall have advanced and indepth training in their chosen field.

Goal 8: The faculty who teach and advise geology graduate students shall be actively engaged in research and serve as excellent role models.

Master of Arts (M.A.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology M.A. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient coursework, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. Applicants may be admitted under "provisional" or "qualified" status, but to advance to "approved" status, they must have completed 5 to 6 credit hours of geology field course, or its equivalent, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting sciences and mathematics, as determined by the Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering's Graduate Admissions Committee.
  3. Applicants must have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher.
  4. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application, especially if they do not have an undergraduate degree in geology.
  5. Applicants must satisfy the School of Graduate Studies' English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.
  6. For a Master of Arts degree, students must complete two or more semesters of calculus while an undergraduate or graduate student.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

To encourage undergraduate geology students to extend their studies to include a graduate degree, the College of Engineering and Mines has a combined program that permits students to earn both a bachelor's (B.S.) and a master's (M.A.) degree in geology. This program allows students to designate two three-credit graduate courses to count for both degrees.  The selected courses must have graduate course standing and be designated when a student requests admission to the program.

Students may be admitted to the Combined Degree program if they have:

  1. Completed 95 credit hours towards the bachelor's degree.
  2. Completed 30 credit hours of coursework and 8 credit hours of upper division coursework in the geological sciences, including the equivalent of physical and historical geology.
  3. Maintained an overall GPA of at least 3.0 in all geological sciences they took.
  4. Completed an application to the UND School of Graduate Studies and been accepted for admission.

Once admitted to the Combined Degree Program, undergraduate students are eligible to take 500-level courses for graduate credit. Students must complete the petition titled, "Graduate Credit as an Undergraduate Student" prior to registering for the courses. Such courses could be included in the 30 credit hours for the degree and could appear in the program of study.

Students in the Combined Degree Program will be admitted to the School of Graduate Studies on completion of 125 credit hours for the bachelor's degree.

The time normally needed to complete the Combined Degree Program is 1 year, plus an additional summer after admission to the Graduate School.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Master of Arts degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as the following particular requirements set forth by the Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering.

  1. Students must complete a program of study that includes a minimum of 30 credit hours, including the credits granted for the thesis and the research leading to the thesis.
  2. At least 15 credit hours must be for classes at or above the 500-level.
  3. A maximum of 7 credit hours required for the degree may be transferred from another institution.
  4. A minimum of 6 credit hours (undergraduate or graduate) must come from each subject area listed below:
    1. mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry
    2. sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, geomorphology
    3. structural geology, geophysics, hydrogeology
  5. Up to 12 credit hours of 300-400 level coursework in geology may be taken for graduate credit.

The time normally needed to complete the requirements for the master’s degree in geology is about two years of full-time work. Students with graduate teaching or research assistantships may need more time.

Master of Science (M.S.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirement as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology M.S. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient course work, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. Applicants may be admitted under "provisional" or "qualified" status, but to advance to "approved" status, they must have completed 5 to 6 credit hours of geology field course, or its equivalent, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting sciences and mathematics, as determined by the Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering's Graduate Admissions Committee.
  3. Applicants must have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher.
  4. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application, especially if they do not have an undergraduate degree in geology.
  5. Applicants must satisfy the School of Graduate Studies' English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.
  6. For a Master of Science degree, students must complete 2 semesters of calculus, plus an additional calculus or relevant math, computer programming, or statistical class, while an undergraduate or graduate student.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

To encourage undergraduate geology students to extend their studies to include a graduate degree, the College of Engineering and Mines has a Combined Program that permits students to earn both a bachelor's (B.S.) and a master's (M.S.) degree in Geological Engineering. This program allows students to designate two three-credit graduate courses to count for both degrees.  the selected courses must have graduate course standing and be designated when a student requests admission to the program.

Students may be admitted to the Combined Degree Program if they have:

  1. Completed 95 credit hours towards the bachelor's degree.
  2. Completed 30 credit hours of coursework and 8 credit hours of upper division coursework in the geological sciences, including the equivalent of physical and historical geology.
  3. Maintained an overall GPA of at least 3.0 in all geological sciences they took.
  4. Completed an application to the UND Graduate School and been accepted for admission.

Once admitted to the Combined Degree Program, undergraduate students are eligible to take 500-level courses for graduate credit. Students must complete the petition titled, "Graduate Credit as an Undergraduate Student" prior to registering for the courses. Such courses could be included in the 30 credit hours for the degree and could appear in the program of study.

Students in the Combined Degree Program will be admitted to the School of Graduate Studies on completion of 125 credit hours for the bachelor's degree.

The time normally needed to complete the Combined Degree Program is 1 year, plus an additional summer after admission to the Graduate School.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Master of Science degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies, as well as the following particular requirements set forth by the Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering:

  1. Students must complete a program  of study that includes a minimum of 30 credit hours, including the credits granted for the thesis and the research leading to the thesis.
  2. At least 15 credit hours must be for classes at or above the 500-level.
  3. A maximum of 7 of the credit hours required for the degree may be transferred from another institution.
  4. A minimum of 6 credit hours (undergraduate or graduate) must come from each subject area listed below:
    1. Mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry
    2. Sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, geomorphology
    3. Structural geology, geophysics, hydrogeology
  5. Up to 12 credit hours of 300-400 level coursework in geology may be taken for graduate credit.

The time normally needed to complete the requirements for the master’s degree in geology is about two years of full-time work. Students with graduate teaching or research assistantships may need more time.

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies’ current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. For admission to the geology Ph.D. program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in geology from an accredited college or university or otherwise demonstrate sufficient coursework, training, or experience in geoscience.
  2. For “approved” status, students must have completed a 5-6 credit hour geology field course, along with satisfactory achievement in supporting science and mathematics, as determined by the department graduate admissions committee.
  3. For all graduate programs in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, a cumulative 3.0 or higher grade point average is required.
  4. Submission of a Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general test score is strongly recommended if you do not have a degree in geology. Applicants are encouraged to submit their GRE score to support their application.
  5. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies’ English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

Students missing any of the above requirements may be admitted under provisional or qualified status, but all admission requirements must be completed, without graduate credit, within one year after beginning graduate work.

Initial decisions for admission and financial aid are made about March 1 for the fall semester and about September 1 for the spring semester.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Doctor of Philosophy degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as particular requirements set forth by the Geology and Geological Engineering Department.

Students normally take the equivalent of three years of full-time work beyond the master’s degree for the doctorate.

  1. Completion of 90 semester credits beyond the baccalaureate degree.
  2. Maintenance of at least a 3.0 GPA for all classes completed as a graduate student.
  3. With approval of a student’s Faculty Advisory Committee, up to one-half of the work beyond a master’s degree (maximum of 30 semester credit hours) may be transferred from another institution that offers post-master’s degrees in the discipline.
  4. A qualifying examination may be required before the end of the student’s first year in a doctoral program.
  5. Demonstration of:
    1. proficiency in two foreign languages, or
    2. proficiency in one foreign language and two scholarly tools courses, or
    3. proficiency in four scholarly tools courses (scholarly tools courses typically are advanced undergraduate courses in related fields in mathematics, science, or engineering).
  6. Completion of a dissertation, which incorporates independent work that is an original contribution to knowledge.

GEOE Courses

GEOE 996. Continuing Enrollment. 1-12 Credits.

Repeatable. S/U grading.

GEOE 998. Thesis. 1-9 Credits.


Undergraduate Courses for Graduate Credit

GEOE 323. Engineering Geology. 4 Credits.

Application of geological and environmental principles to geotechnical engineering design, construction, and operation. Prerequisites: One introductory geology course, MATH 165 and upper division standing in geology or engineering. On demand.

GEOE 417. Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Physical and chemical aspects of groundwater movement, supply, and contamination. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 or CHEM 221; MATH 166 or consent of instuctor. F.

GEOE 418. Hydrogeological Methods. 2 Credits.

Field and laboratory methods used in hydrogeology; techniques of drilling, well and piezometer installation, determination of aquifer parameters, geophysical exploration, soil classification and analysis, ground water sampling and analysis. Includes field trip. Prerequisite: GEOE 417. F.

GEOE 419. Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation. 3 Credits.

Statistical methods for groundwater sampling and monitoring network design. Groundwater remediation and design; including strategies that remove contaminants for external treatment and strategies for in-situ contaminant treatment. Prerequisites: MATH 166, GEOE 417 and a statistics course (ECON 210, PSYC 241, MATH 321 or MATH 353) or consent of instructor. S.

GEOE 425. Design Hydrology for Wetlands. 3 Credits.

Principles of chemistry, geology, hydraulics, and hydrology applied to natural and constructed wetlands and other small catchments. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 and either CE 306/ME 306 or GEOE 417. S.

GEOE 427. Groundwater Modeling. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of numerical modeling applied to groundwater flow. Short programs using the finite difference method will be written to demonstrate groundwater movement and storage. Simulation of practical groundwater problems will be carried out using the U.S. Geological Survey's MODFLOW code. Prerequisites: GEOE 417 and MATH 265; some programming experience is recommended. F.

GEOE 455. Geomechanics. 3 Credits.

Principles of geomechanics and its application to petroleum and geological engineering. Prerequisites: GEOE 323 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOL Courses

GEOL 500. Sedimentary Geology. 1-4 Credits.

Selected topics in sedimentary geology, such as sedimentary processes, carbonate petrology, clastic petrology, and basin analysis. May be repeated up to 12 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Repeatable to 12 credits. F.

GEOL 505. Isotope Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Geochemistry and cosmochemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; isotope equilibria; applications in paleoclimatology, environmental isotope geochemistry, igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary petrology. Prerequisite: GEOL 321 or permission of instructor.

GEOL 506. Glacial Geology. 4 Credits.

Origin, growth, and movement of glaciers; landforms and deposits incident to glaciation. 3 hours lecture, 2 hours laboratory time per week. Prerequisite: GEOL 311.

GEOL 509. Advanced Mineralogy. 1-4 Credits.

Advanced study of specific mineral groups or selected topics in mineralogy. Prerequisite: GEOL 320; recommended prerequisite GEOL 321.

GEOL 511. Advanced Structural Geology. 4 Credits.

Reading and research in special topics in structural geology and geotectonics.

GEOL 512. Advanced Petrology. 1-4 Credits.

Selected topics in petrology taught using conventional lecture and laboratory/field approach. Prerequisite: GEOL 320.

GEOL 515. Advanced Paleontology. 3 Credits.

Selected topics include (but not limited to): Invertebrate paleontology; vertebrate paleontology; paleoecology; taxonomy; museum studies; western continental stratigraphy; critical boundaries. May be repeated. Prerequisites: GEOL 415, BIOL 150, or consent of instructor. Repeatable to 40 credits. On demand.

GEOL 518. Topics in Advanced Stratigraphy. 2-4 Credits.

Selected topics in lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy. Prerequisites: GEOL 411, GEOL 415. Repeatable to 4 credits.

GEOL 520. Statistical Applications in Geology. 3 Credits.

The application of statistical techniques to geologic data and problems, with emphasis on analysis of geologic sequences, map analysis, and multivariate analysis of geologic data. Prerequisites: An introductory statistics course, such as CTL 515 or PSYC 241, and consent of instructor.

GEOL 522. History and Philosophy of Geology. 3 Credits.

Historical and philosophical development of the science of geology. Prerequisite: Permssion of instructor.

GEOL 523. Topics in Advanced Geomorphology. 1-4 Credits.

Selected topics in geomorphic processes and landforms. Prerequisite: GEOL 311. Repeatable to 4 credits.

GEOL 525. Weathering and Soils. 3 Credits.

Properties and classification of soils; the factors and processes of weathering and soil formation. Prerequisite: GEOL 311 and GEOL 411, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 530. Advanced Physical Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Selected topics in ground and soil water movement, fracture flow, analytical/numerical modeling, and groundwater supply. Prerequisites: GEOE 417 and GEOE 427 and MATH 265, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 531. Hydrogeochemistry. 3 Credits.

The origin, characteristics and modeling of surface and ground water geochemistry. Prerequisites: GEOL 321 and, MATH 166, or permission of instructor.

GEOL 532. Contaminant Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Chemical and physical processes affecting contaminant behavior in groundwater with analytical/numerical modeling and case studies. Prerequisites: GEOE 417 and GEOE 427 and MATH 265, or consent of instructor.

GEOL 540. Water Sampling and Analysis. 3 Credits.

Techniques of water and sediment sampling and analysis using equipment in the UND Water Quality Laboratory. Results are interpreted in the context of the natural systems from which the samples are taken. Enrollment is limited to eight students per section. A laboratory fee is required. Prerequisite: CHEM 121.

GEOL 551. Heat Flow. 3 Credits.

An exploration of Earth's thermal structure, thermal history and heat sources. The course begins with the theory of heat transfer within and through the surface of terrestrial planets. Methods of observation and modeling provide hands-on experience in field and laboratory activities. Applications of heat flow in tectonics, petrology, thermal maturity of kerogen, hydrogeology, geothermics and climate change are presented with current examples. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. On demand.

GEOL 560. Geothermics I. 3 Credits.

A survey of the methods of geothermal exploration, assessment and production. The course covers the various methods for discovery and characterization of geothermal resources. Methods for assessment of energy in place and determination of recoverable energy are covered in depth. Current technologies for energy extraction and power production are presented with current examples. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. On demand.

GEOL 561. Geothermics II. 3 Credits.

The course covers the historical development of geothermal policies, regulations and practices globally and in different states within the US. Matters of water usage, contamination and disposal are covered extensively. Current issues such as induced seismicity, hydrofracture, power plant size and location, electrical grid access and land use are critically examined. Prerequisite: Senior or Graduate Standing. On demand.

GEOL 590. Research. 1-4 Credits.

Laboratory, field, or library research on problems of interest (may be repeated). Repeatable.

GEOL 591. Directed Studies. 1-4 Credits.

Directed advanced research in a specialized field of geologic study (may be repeated). Repeatable.

GEOL 996. Continuing Enrollment. 1-12 Credits.

Repeatable. S/U grading.

GEOL 997. Independent Study. 2 Credits.

GEOL 998. Thesis. 1-9 Credits.

Repeatable to 9 credits.

GEOL 999. Dissertation. 2-12 Credits.

May be repeated up to 24 credits. Repeatable to 24 credits.


Undergraduate Courses for Graduate Credit

GEOL 311. Geomorphology. 4 Credits.

Dynamics of weathering, mass movement, running water, groundwater, waves, wind and ice in the production of landforms. Includes field trips and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165, PHYS 211, CHEM 121 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOL 320. Petrology. 3 Credits.

Description, classification and origin of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Field and laboratory study of rocks. Engineering properties of earth materials. Advanced aspects of optical mineralogy. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 318. F.

GEOL 321. Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Application of the principles of chemistry to geologic and hydrogeologic problems. Origin and distribution of the chemical elements. Introduction to radiochemistry, isotopic geochronology, and stable-isotope geochemistry. Prerequisites: GEOL 318, CHEM 122, and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 340. Digital Mapping Methods. 3 Credits.

This course integrates "hands-on" data acquisitions and map generation with an overview of the technology (GPS, lasers, and data management). Field projects focus on mapping methodology and laboratory projects focus on analysis and presentation. It is assumed that students have an undergraduate geology background and a basic knowledge of computer applications. Prerequisite: Junior Standing in geology.

GEOL 411. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 5 Credits.

Origin, transportation, deposition, and diagenesis of sediments; principles and applications of stratigraphy. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 320. S.

GEOL 414. Applied Geophysics. 3 Credits.

Principles of various geophysical methods and their application to geologic problems. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165; and PHYS 211 or 251. F.

GEOL 415. Introduction to Paleontology. 4 Credits.

The principles of paleontology/paleobiology are presented using fossils to document the evolutionary, stratigraphic, and paleoecologic history of animal and plant life on Earth. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 102; BIOL 150 and BIOL 151 are recommended prerequisites. F.

GEOL 422. Seminar II. 1 Credit.

Continuation of GEOL 421 experience. Preparation and delivery of oral presentations in science and engineering, culminating in oral presentation of senior thesis (Geol 490) or Engineering Design (485). Includes critical review of student presentations and departmental guest lectures. Prerequisites: GEOL 421, senior or graduate status in departmental major. F,S.

Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
1.800.CALL.UND
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382