2017-2018 Catalog

Petroleum Engineering

http://engineering.und.edu/petroleum/

The Petroleum Engineering program continues to provide students with a personalized education - fostering innovation and emphasizing technical, leadership, and entrepreneurship skills. It supports UND's efforts to be internationally recognized for excellence in research and teaching - adopting discovery, serving societal needs, and stimulating technology transfer. Additionally, this program is intended to engage the community by promoting engineering and innovation, inspiring young minds, and helping the regional economy thrive through civic responsibility.

The goals that are expected to be achieved in the Master of Engineering program of Petroleum Engineering include the following:

Goal 1: Graduates will have a depth of knowledge in petroleum engineering accompanied by a breadth of knowledge in related areas to achieve their specific goals and objectives.

Goal 2: Graduates will be able to understand more advance topics, i.e., they will have the skills required to formulate, assess, and document an advanced problem solving approach.

Goal 3: Graduates will be well prepared for advanced professional practice for careers which require creativity, innovation and understanding new topics in engineering or a related field.

Master of Engineering

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies' current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. Bachelor of Science degree in Petroleum Engineering or closely related field.
  2. An overall undergraduate GPA of at least 2.5 or a GPA of at least 2.75 for the last two years.
  3. Applicants holding degrees from non-ABET accredited programs/universities must submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination.
  4. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies' English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

Degree Requirements

  1. Course necessary for basic-level ABET accreditation. Normally, graduation from an ABET-accredited institution will satisfy this requirement.
  2. A program of study must include the following:
    1. A minimum of 30 semester credit hours.
    2. Three to Six (3-6) semester credit hours of an approved design project.
    3. Fifteen (15) semester credit hours of coursework at the 500 level or above (including the design project).
    4. All major courses must be at the 400-level or above and approved for graduate credit.
  3. An overall GPA of 2.75 or better for all coursework.
  4. Complete the approved design project.
  5. Pass a comprehensive written examination.
  6. one peer reviewed manuscript (as first author, such as conference paper, journal paper or patent application) submitted with the consent of adviser

Master of Science

Admission Requirements

The applicant must meet the School of Graduate Studies' current minimum general admission requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

  1. Bachelor of Science degree in Petroleum Engineering or closely related field.
  2. An overall undergraduate GPA of at least 3.00 for the last two years.
  3. Applicants holding degrees from non-ABET accredited programs/universities must submit scores from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination.
  4. Satisfy the School of Graduate Studies' English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the graduate catalog.

Degree Requirements

  1. A minimum of 30 semester credits, including credits granted for the thesis.
  2. A minimum of 21 semester credits, including 6 thesis credits, must be in the major field of petroleum engineering.
  3. A minor field of study can be obtained by completing 9 semester credits from another department that offers a graduate program. A graduate faculty member from that department must serve on the thesis committee.
  4. A cognate can be obtained by completing 9 semester credits from more than one department outside of petroleum engineering, or from a single department that does not offer a graduate program.
  5. At least one-half of the credits must be at or above the 500-level.
  6. A maximum of one-fourth (usually 8-9 semester credits) of the credit hours required for the degree may be transferred from another institution.
  7. Completion of a research project and its presentation in a thesis.
  8. An overall GPA of 3.00 or better in all coursework.
  9. The thesis course can be between 6-9 credits with approval of the thesis committee.
  10. At least one credit of graduate seminar class is mandatory for each MS students (thesis option). Students can repeat this class to the maximum number of three times.
  11. At least two peer-reviewed conference, journal, or patent applications (as the first author) submitted with the consent of student's adviser before the time of defense.

Doctor of Philosophy

Admission Requirements

  1. A baccalaureate degree in a related discipline with a GPA of 3.5 or higher or a Master of Science degree in a related discipline with a GPA of 3.0.
  2. Satisfy the Graduate School’s English Language Proficiency requirements as published in the Graduate Catalog.
  3. In addition to meeting the general provisions in the UND graduate catalog and the minimum requirements in items 1-2 above, candidates are assessed using a holistic process that considers Student’s Record of Publications, GRE test scores (for students who are applying with a B.S. engineering degree from an non-ABET accredited program), transcripts of previous college work, relevant research and work experience, letters of recommendation, research interests, and English language skills. Students must specify a track on their admission form to facilitate this evaluation.
  4. Students admitted to an engineering M.S.P.E. program but meeting the minimum requirements in items 1-2 above, may after one calendar year, and upon the recommendation of his/her advisory committee, request to by-pass the master’s degree and work directly toward the Ph.D. degree. The recommendation of the advisory committee shall be brought to a vote by the program graduate committee relevant to the degree track requested by the student. A minimum of one week before such a meeting, the program graduate committee shall be notified and provided with the student’s updated file which shall consist of the materials used for application into the M.S.P.E. program, a transcript of all academic work completed at UND, and any additional materials the student wishes to have considered. If the recommendation is approved by the relevant graduate committee, the student will be given the qualifying exam. Passing this exam will advance the student to Approved Status in the Doctoral Program in Petroleum Engineering.

Residence Requirements

The purpose of residence requirements is to provide an opportunity for a sustained and concentrated intellectual effort, to provide for immersion in an academic research environment, and to permit extensive interaction with fellow students and faculty of the Petroleum Engineering Department. Within the first two years of graduate work at UND, at least two consecutive semesters must be completed in residence. During residency, a student must be registered for at least nine credits in a semester, or be a graduate research or teaching assistant taking the appropriate credits to qualify as a full-time student. The remainder of the credits required for a degree can be completed in a manner to accommodate the student’s fiscal, family, job related, and other constraints with the consent of the student’s advisor. The program of study must be completed within the seven-year period normally allowed for graduate programs.

Under special circumstances, the student in conjunction with his/her advisory committee and the Petroleum Engineering Graduate Committee, can petition the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies for variances in this policy.

Degree Requirements

Students seeking the Doctor of Philosophy degree at the University of North Dakota must satisfy all general requirements set forth by the School of Graduate Studies as well as particular requirements set forth by the Petroleum Engineering Doctoral Program.

The following requirements are in addition to the UND School of Graduate Studies' general requirements for the Ph.D.:

  1. Completion of 90 semester credits beyond the baccalaureate degree
  2. Maintenance of at least a 3.0 GPA for all classes completed as a graduate student
  3. Scholarly Tools: Proficiency in mathematics demonstrated by completing nine approved credits of mathematics intensive coursework (equivalent to UND 400-level or higher courses) with a grade of B or better which must include at least one course in numerical analysis. Scholarly tools courses taken for graduate credit after a student has enrolled in a graduate program at UND may be counted to fulfill requirements listed in Item 5 below.
  4. A maximum of 30 credit hours can be transferred from a master’s program.
  5. A minimum of 30 credit hours must be doctoral research and dissertation.
  6. Exactly 3 credit hours of the PE Graduate Seminar must be taken.
  7. A minimum of 39 credit hours of coursework are required (up to 21 credit hours of coursework may be transferred from a master’s program in fulfilling this requirement subject to the credit transfer limits described in the general section of the graduate catalog). The coursework shall include a minimum of 27 credit hours of Petroleum Engineering (or relevance courses with the consent of advisor) coursework selected from the approved list of courses. Equivalent graduate level coursework may be transferred from a master’s program.
  8. Successful completion of a qualifying examination, taken no earlier than the end of their first year in residence and no later than the end of their second year of residence. The qualifying examination includes the following three sections.

Section I

It will cover four general areas of their selected engineering track. Selection of the four general areas for this examination shall require the approval of the candidate’s faculty adviser and the track-specific Ph.D. Graduate Director. Three results for each of the four sections of the examination can be obtained: 1) pass; 2) provisional pass; and 3) fail. Candidates obtaining a result of “provisional pass” for any section of the exam will be required to remediate the topical area in which the provisional pass was received in accordance to stipulations specified by the examiner, with approval of the track-specific Graduate Director. Candidates who fail one or more sections of the exam will be allowed one opportunity to repeat that section of the exam. The reexamination must take place no later than 13 months after the initial examination attempt. A direct admit student who fails an exam a second time may request to be reclassified as a master’s student and complete a track-appropriate Master of Science degree and then reapply to the Doctoral program.

Section II

A detailed written doctoral research proposal must be submitted to the committee. The proposal should cover:

  1. a literature review of the relevant field of research related to the project
  2. proposed methods
  3. preliminary results (simulation or experiment)
  4. the objectives of the proposed project, and
  5. tasks and the timeline of the proposed research in a Gantt chart.

The report should be reviewed and approved by the student advisor. Then, at least three weeks prior to the next step, the report should be distributed to the student committee members for their review and grading.

Each of the above components will be evaluated and graded (0 to 100). To pass the written exam, students should earn a minimum of 75/100 in each category. All grades from student committee members will be averaged to determine a grade in each category.

If the report earns a passing grade, a date can be scheduled for an oral presentation, i.e., Section III. If failed, the student has the opportunity to revise and resubmit the report to the committee for re-evaluation.

Section III

An oral comprehensive examination should be presented to the committee on the research topics described in the above section II. Three results for the oral exam can be obtained: 1) pass; 2) provisional pass; and 3) fail. Candidates obtaining a result of “provisional pass” will be allowed to Advance to Candidacy status after completion of stipulations specified by the examining committee plus obtaining a passing result on a retest for the portion of the exam covered by the stipulations. Candidates who fail the exam will be allowed one opportunity to repeat the exam in less than six months as specified by the student committee. Students who fail an exam a second time may request to be reclassified as a master’s student and complete a track-appropriate Master of Science degree and then reapply to the Doctoral program.

  1. After successful completion of the written research proposal and oral presentation, an annual oral progress report should be presented to the committee. A part of these presentations will include details on the dissertation research progress and plan. Any deviation from the approved research objectives as stated and documented in the research proposal must be approved and justified by the committee.
  2. A candidate for the degree must complete the original basic research investigation as documented in the research proposal. Each candidate will complete the research investigation to the satisfaction of the research advisor and the advisory committee and will prepare a written dissertation covering the research. The project must represent an original and independent investigation by the student. It is expected that the results of the research will be submitted for publication in refereed research journals. The candidate will submit the dissertation to the examining committee at least four weeks prior to defense date. The examining committee consists the Ph.D. committee and an external examiner from outside the University. The external examiner is selected by the department’s graduate committee from a list of three candidates proposed by the advisor. The external examiner should not have any common publication with the student’s advisor or student and can be from academia or industry with an expertise relevant to the student’s research. The student and advisor should not contact the external examiner directly before or after.
  3. The candidate must present and successfully defend the dissertation at the final examination (see School of Graduate Studies requirements). Four results of the examination can be obtained: 1) pass; 2) minor revision 3) major revision and 4) fail. For minor revisions there is no need for another defense session, and upon revising the dissertation, the examining committee can pass the student. For major revisions the student is asked to fundamentally revise the methodologies and schedule another defense session. If failed, the student will not be able to obtain a Ph.D. degree and may request to be reclassified as a master’s student and complete a Master of Science degree.
  4. At least two peer-reviewed ISI (Institute for Scientific Information) journals (as the first author) and two peer-reviewed conference papers (as the first author) submitted with the consent of advisor.

Courses

PTRE 511. Advanced Petroleum Engineering Labs. 4 Credits.

Studying the major hi-tech research equipment for petroleum reservoir characterization, such as: X-Ray Diffraction, X-Ray Fluoresce, Scanning Electron Microscope, Advanced Multifunctioning Tri-axial Cell, Servo-control Uniaxial Testing machine and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance core testing. The students will learn the concepts and physics behind the tool, the purpose of using the equipment and how to operate the machines individually. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. S, odd years.

PTRE 521. Advanced Production Engineering. 3 Credits.

Using nodal analysis for design, evaluation, and optimization of petroleum production systems, artificial lift, surface separation, and treating facilities. It also covers: Formation damage control and evaluation, skin effects and calculation, well stimulation and well performance. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. F, odd years.

PTRE 531. Reservoir Geomechanics. 3 Credits.

Various ranges of applications of geomechanics related to reservoir engineering will be covered in this course. This will include the depletion and injection, induced stresses and their effects on both reservoir and surrounding rocks, the impact of production on compaction, subsidence, and reactivation of faults and, sand production and casing collapse, and the process of hydraulic fracturing. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. S, even years.

PTRE 541. Data Mining in Petroleum Engineering. 3 Credits.

This course will provide students with the fundamentals of data mining and soft computing methodologies and their applications in the petroleum industry. Students will become familiar with data mining system architecture, concepts and tasks such as data processing, data integration and classification techniques. Special emphasis will be given to presenting common knowledge discovery tools. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. S, odd years.

PTRE 555. Pressure Transient Analysis. 3 Credits.

Diffusivity equation and solutions for slightly compressible liquids; dimensionless variables; type curves; applications of solutions to buildup, drawdown, multi-rate, interference, pulse and deliverability tests; extensions to multiphase flow; analysis of hydraulically fractured wells. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. F, even years.

PTRE 561. Natural Gas Engineering. 3 Credits.

Estimation of gas properties for well test or production data analysis using accurate correlations and laboratory data, development of material balance analyses for gas reserve calculation, production and reservoir characteristics of gas and gas-condensate reservoirs. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. S, odd years.

PTRE 571. Petroleum Geostatistics. 3 Credits.

A review of classical statistics and its applications in petroleum engineering is discussed. The fundamentals of spatial statistics is presented followed by the concept of variogram and its different models, estimation variance, different interpolation methods including Kriging and how they differ from each other. Practical example are presented with the real data from petroleum industry. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. F, even years.

PTRE 581. Reservoir Geophysics. 3 Credits.

This multidisciplinary course addresses different topics in exploration workflow in implemented in the petroleum industry for oil and gas discovery. Various exploration techniques for locating hydrocarbon reservoirs and estimating their sizes is discussed. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. S, even years.

PTRE 593. Selected Topics in Petroleum Engineering. 1-4 Credits.

Detailed study of selected topics in Petroleum Engineering. Includes laboratory if applicable. Repeatable up to a maximum of 4 credits. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Repeatable to 12 credits. On demand.

PTRE 595. Design Project. 3-6 Credits.

Design project is for non-thesis based Master's students. Prerequisite: Department Consent Required. Repeatable to 6 credits. F.

PTRE 598. Enhanced Oil Recovery. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals and theory of enhanced oil recovery; polymer flooding, surfactant flooding, miscible gas flooding and steam flooding; application of fractional flow theory; strategies and displacement performance calculations. Prerequisite: Instructor's consent. S.

PTRE 599. Research. 1-4 Credits.

Analysis, planning, and detailed study of definite problems; individual laboratory work on some selected problems in the field of Petroleum Engineering to develop the power of independent investigation. Prerequisite: Department Consent. Repeatable to 30 credits. F,S,SS.

PTRE 998. Thesis. 1-9 Credits.

Development and documentation of scholarly activity demonstrating proficiency in Petroleum Engineering at the master's level. Repeatable to 9 credits. F,S,SS.

PTRE 999. Dissertation. 1-18 Credits.

Development and documentation of scholarly activity demonstrating proficiency in Petroleum Engineering at the doctoral level. Repeatable to 18 credits. F,S,SS.

Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
1.800.CALL.UND
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382