2014-2015 Catalog

Biology (Biol)

http://www.arts-sciences.und.edu/biology

Carmichael, Darby, D. Darland, T. Darland, Goodwin (Chair), Kelsch, Meberg, Newman, Pyle, Ralph, Rhen, Schlosser, Sheridan, Simmons, Tkach, Vaughan and Yurkonis

The Biology Department’s program provides a well-rounded, balanced education, which focuses on the development of essential skills for professional and personal success and a broad exposure to all levels of biological organization, from molecules to ecosystems. Essential skills fostered in the program include: critical and creative thinking, quantitative reasoning, written and oral communication, and information literacy.

Our philosophy is that a university education should emphasize both formal classroom instruction and individual research experiences for highly motivated students. Class instruction benefits from having enthusiastic faculty scholars working at the forefront of their disciplines. Faculty research benefits from having enthusiastic undergraduate students integrally involved in faculty research projects.

Facilities

The Department of Biology is housed in Starcher Hall. In addition to classrooms, computer laboratories and other specialized teaching laboratories, the building houses a herbarium, three greenhouses, environmental chambers, animal rooms for terrestrial and aquatic organisms, observation rooms, vertebrate and invertebrate museums, tissue culture facilities, a biology core molecular facility, and more than 2,000 square feet of shared flexible research space. The Department also maintains three field stations which cover more than 1,500 acres and represent a range of natural and working landscapes in North Dakota.

Independent Study, Research Opportunities, and the Honors Program

Well-qualified Biology majors are urged to participate in independent studies, undergraduate research, or honors work. Normally, independent studies and research are initiated by invitation from a faculty member. Students selected for these programs usually carry out their studies in the research laboratories of the individual professors. Research apprenticeships or assistantships financed by private foundation support or faculty research grants may be available for part-time employment. The Department participates in the University Honors Program through certain interdisciplinary colloquia, by honors credit in advanced courses, and by independent studies and tutorials in advanced topics.

 

 

 

 

B.S. with Major in Molecular and Integrative Biology B.S. with Major in Biology B.S. with Major in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology

College of Arts and Sciences Degree Programs and Options

 

B.S. with Major in Biology (Three Options)

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (See University ES listing, minimum 39 total credits.) The following courses must be taken as part of the Essential Studies requirement:

ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
COMM 110Fundamentals of Public Speaking3
Total Credits9

II. 44 major hours including:

A. Core requirements for each option (24 hours), all courses below:

BIOL 120Orientation to the Biology Major1
BIOL 150
  & BIOL 151
General Biology I
   and General Biology II *
6
BIOL 150L
  & BIOL 151L
General Biology I Laboratory
   and General Biology II Laboratory
2
BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 315Genetics3
BIOL 332General Ecology3
BIOL 341Cell Biology3
BIOL 480Senior Capstone Seminar **3
Total Credits24

 

*

Students who take BIOL 111 Concepts of Biology and BIOL 111L Concepts of Biology Laboratory and earn a grade of "B" or higher in both of those courses prior to becoming a Biology major may complete the General Biology sequence by taking BIOL 150 General Biology I and BIOL 150L General Biology I Laboratory.

**

Three credits for an accepted BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis can be substituted for the BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar with prior approval of the thesis topic by the Chair of Biology.

We strongly advise mastery of materials in all core courses except BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar prior to enrolling in other 300 or 400 level Biology courses.

No more than one Biology course intended for non-majors (all University of North Dakota 200 level Biology courses) will count toward the 44 hour major.

At least four upper-division Biology courses with laboratories must be included in the 44 hour major. Up to two upper-division, life sciences-related laboratory courses (lecture + lab = 1 course) from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences may be counted toward the four-course upper division laboratory requirement, provided they do not overlap extensively with subject matter in Biology Department courses also being used for credit.  The following courses qualify:  332L. General Ecology Laboratory; 336. Systematic Botany; 341L. Cell Biology Laboratory; 363. Entomology; 364L. Parasitology Laboratory; 369L. Histology Laboratory; 376L. Animal Biology Laboratory; 378L. Developmental Biology Lab; 410. Molecular Biology Techniques; 415. Genomics; 416 Ecological Genomics; 418. Systems Biology; 425. Ichthyology; 426. Birds and Mammals; 431. Wildlife Management; 438. Fisheries Management; 442L. Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory.

Specifically:

  • One or two of the following four courses from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences can be applied toward the 44 credits required for a BS in Biology degree.
  • Select one or two of the following:
    ANAT 204
      & 204L
    Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel
       and Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory
    5
    MBIO 302
      & 302L
    General Microbiology Lecture
       and General Microbiology Laboratory
    4
    MBIO 328Introduction to Immunology3
    PPT 301Human Physiology4
  • MBIO 202 Introductory Medical Microbiology Lecture/MBIO 202L Introductory Medical Microbiology Laboratory will only be allowed with special permission of the Biology department.
  • Only ANAT 204L Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory and MBIO 302L General Microbiology Laboratory can be applied toward the requirement for four advanced labs. PPT 301 Human Physiology will not be allowed for the advanced lab requirement.
  • PPT 301 Human Physiology and BIOL 442 Physiology of Organs and Systems/BIOL 442L Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory will not both be counted towards the 44 credit requirement for a UND Biology degree.
  • At least 15 of the total 44 credits required for the BS degree must be taken in the UND Biology department, exclusive of the credits earned in the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences.
  • BIOL 494 Directed Studies, or BIOL 492 Research, may be counted as one upper-division laboratory requirement with appropriate documentation of the laboratory experience and approval by the supervising faculty member, the faculty adviser, and the Biology Department Chairperson.
  • Students may include no more than ten combined credit hours from BIOL 494 Directed Studies; BIOL 492 Research; and BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis towards the total 44 credit hours required for this Biology major.

B. Advanced requirements for each option (minimum 20 credit hours required):

Option 1. General Biology

This program is designed for students interested in obtaining a broad background in biology, with maximum flexibility in program design. Students should consult with their adviser to develop an appropriate course of study.

Advanced requirements (20 credit hours of Biology electives)

All other 300 or 400 level Biology courses will count toward the 20 elective credit hours needed.

Option 2. Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology

This program is designed for students interested in the cellular and sub-cellular mechanisms underlying biological phenomena. It is especially appropriate for students anticipating a career in biotechnology or biomedical research. These courses will provide a foundation for students planning to continue their studies in graduate or professional programs, or students wanting to pursue technical positions in life science research or pharmaceutical companies. Students should consult with their adviser to develop an appropriate course of study.

Advanced requirements (minimum 20 credit hours):

Required courses
BIOL 341LCell Biol Lab1
BIOL 410Molecular Biology Techniques4
BIOL 378Developmental Biology3
BIOL 415Genomics4
Select minimum 5 credit hours of the following (Option courses):5
Genetics Recitation
Histology
Histology Lab
Molecular Genetics
Molecular Biology of the Cell
General Microbiology Lecture
Biochemistry of Proteins and Information Flow
Biology electives *3
Total Credits20

 

*

All 300 or 400 level Biology courses, including any of those not taken from
the group above, will count toward the elective credit hours needed.

Option 3. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

This program is designed for students interested in ecology, evolutionary biology, and related areas. Students will explore animal behavior, biodiversity, evolutionary history and interactions of organisms and their environments. The coursework outlined here will familiarize students with the conceptual framework of ecology and evolutionary biology and provide necessary analytical skills and familiarity with the major groups of living organisms. The program will help prepare students for careers with ecological and evolutionary applications and pursuit of graduate degrees in these fields. Students should consult with their adviser to develop an appropriate course of study.

Advanced requirements (minimum 20 credit hours):

Required courses
BIOL 332LGen Ecology Lab1
BIOL 376
  & 376L
Animal Biology
   and Animal Biology Laboratory
4
or BIOL 350 Plant Biology
Select minimum 5 credit hours of the following (Option courses):5
Population Biology
Animal Behavior
Aquatic Ecology
Conservation Biology
Biology electives (minimum 8 additional credit hours): *8
Physical Sciences requirement
Select minimum 3-4 credit hours of the following:3-4
Introduction to Global Climate
   and Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory
Cartography and Visualization
   and Cartography and Visualization Laboratory
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
The Earth Through Time
   and The Earth Through Time Laboratory
Total Credits21-22

 

*

All 300 or 400 level Biology courses, including any of those not taken from the groups above, will count toward the elective credit hours needed.

Although not required, all students in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology emphasis are encouraged to take both BIOL 350 Plant Biology and BIOL 376 Animal Biology.

Depending on the student’s area of interest, any or several of the following courses that were not already identified are potentially recommended: BIOL 336 Systematic Botany; BIOL 363 Entomology; BIOL 364 Parasitology/BIOL 364L Parasitology Laboratory; BIOL 425 Ichthyology; BIOL 426 Birds & Mammals.

BIOL 410 Molecular Biology Techniques, and/or BIOL 415 Genomics, are recommended as elective courses for students interested in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.

III. Cognate requirements in other departments for all three options (30-33 credit hours):

Mathematics *
MATH 146Applied Calculus I **3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
Chemistry
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHEM 340
  & 340L
  & BMB 301
Survey of Organic Chemistry
   and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory
   and Biochemistry ***
8
OR
CHEM 341
  & 341L
  & CHEM 342
  & CHEM 342L
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
   and Organic Chemistry II
   and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
10
OR
CHEM 341
  & 341L
  & BMB 301
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
   and Biochemistry
8
Physical Sciences
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 212
College Physics I
   and College Physics II
8
or PHYS 251
  & PHYS 252
University Physics I
   and University Physics II
Statistical Methods and Data Interpretation
Select one of the following:3
Biometry (****)
Sociological Statistics
Applied Statistical Methods
Total Credits48-49

 

*

Students with a particular aptitude for mathematics should consider taking both MATH 165 Calculus I and MATH 166 Calculus II and should consult with their advisor regarding this potential option.

**

Pre-requisites for either course are the responsibility of the student.

***

The sequence of CHEM 341 Organic Chemistry I and CHEM 342 Organic Chemistry II AND BMB 301 Biochemistry is highly recommended for pre-medicine students because some medical schools require or prefer this combination.

****

BIOL 470 Biometry, is required in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology option.

Teacher Certification

Students seeking secondary teacher certification in Biology must complete the Department of Teaching and Learning requirements in Secondary Education (see Secondary Education listing).

These students must complete the B.S. with Major in Biology, the B.S. in Molecular and Integrative Biology, the B.S. with Major in Biology (Pre-Health Sciences Emphasis), or the B.S. in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology and include the following three courses:

BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 336Systematic Botany4
MBIO 302
  & 302L
General Microbiology Lecture
   and General Microbiology Laboratory
4

These students must also complete at least four credit hours of earth science from the following:

GEOL 101
  & 101L
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
4
GEOG 121
  & 121L
Global Physical Environment
   and Global Physical Environment Laboratory
4
GEOG 134
  & 134L
Introduction to Global Climate
   and Introduction to Global Climate Laboratory
4

Other choices of courses in Biology should be made with the aid of a Biology adviser. Among the other requirements for the major, students seeking teacher certification must complete the following option.

CHEM 340
  & 340L
Survey of Organic Chemistry
   and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory
5
BMB 301Biochemistry3

Students interested in certification in both Biology and Physics should take

PHYS 211College Physics I (lab included)4
PHYS 212College Physics II (lab included)4
PHYS 213College Physics III (lab included)4

Formal admission to Teacher Education is required and is normally sought while enrolled in T&L 250 Introduction to Education(see Department of Teaching and Learning listing). Biology majors seeking secondary certification must have an adviser both in the Biology Department and in the Department of Teaching and Learning.

B.S. with Major in Molecular and Integrative Biology (Options in either Basic Life Science or Enhanced Applied Life Science)

Study of life science in the past has been largely confined to the intellectual platforms associated with individual levels of biological organization, e.g., molecular biology, cellular biology, physiology of organisms, and ecology. This degree program emphasizes integration of knowledge across levels of biological organization from the gene/molecular/cellular to the development and physiology of individual organisms, along with their adaptation to local environments. The new training model has greater potential to contribute to educational success, medical advances, technological innovation, and commercialization of knowledge. Coursework in the degree provides a strong foundation for students planning to either continue their studies in medical science, graduate, and professional programs (Basic Life Science Option) or pursue technical positions/further training or professional positions in applied health science and biotechnology (Enhanced Applied Life Science Option). Students in the degree program will be encouraged, depending on their interests, to pursue research experiences with faculty in the medical or life sciences, additional coursework suited to the biotechnology industry, internships with regional biotechnology corporations, and cross-disciplinary training in entrepreneurship.

Required 125 credits (Basic Life Science Option) or 138 credits (Enhanced Applied Life Science Option), 36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution, including:

I. Essential Studies (ES) requirements (See University ES listing), minimum 39 total credits. The following courses must be taken as part of the Essential Studies requirement:

ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
COMM 110Fundamentals of Public Speaking3
Total Credits9

II. Core and Advanced Requirements (48 credit hours):

A. Core requirements for both the Basic Life Science and the Enhanced Applied Life Science options (24 hours), all courses below:

BIOL 120Orientation to the Biology Major1
BIOL 150
  & BIOL 151
General Biology I
   and General Biology II *
6
BIOL 150L
  & BIOL 151L
General Biology I Laboratory
   and General Biology II Laboratory
2
BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 315Genetics3
BIOL 332General Ecology3
BIOL 341Cell Biology3
BIOL 480Senior Capstone Seminar **3
Total Credits24

 

*

Students who take BIOL 111 Concepts of Biology and BIOL 111L Concepts of Biology Laboratory and earn a grade of "B" or higher in both of those courses prior to becoming a Molecular & Integrative Biology major may complete the General Biology sequence by taking BIOL 150 General Biology I and BIOL 150L General Biology I Laboratory.

**

Three credits for an accepted BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis can be substituted for the BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar with prior approval of the thesis topic by the Chair of Biology.

We strongly advise mastery of materials in all core courses except BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar prior to enrolling in other 300 or 400 level Biology courses.

No more than one Biology course intended for non-majors (all University of North Dakota 200 level Biology courses) will count toward the 44 hour major.

At least four upper-division Biology courses with laboratories must be included in the 44 hour major. Up to two upper-division, life sciences-related laboratory courses (lecture + lab = 1 course) from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences may be counted toward the four-course, upper-division laboratory requirement, provided they do not overlap extensively with subject matter in Biology Department courses also being used for credit.  The following courses qualify: 332L. General Ecology Laboratory; 336. Systematic Botany; 341L. Cell Biology Laboratory; 363. Entomology; 364L. Parasitology Laboratory; 369L. Histology Laboratory; 376L. Animal Biology Laboratory; 378L. Developmental Biology Lab; 410. Molecular Biology Techniques; 415. Genomics; 416 Ecological Genomics; 418. Systems Biology; 425. Ichthyology; 426. Birds and Mammals; 431. Wildlife Management; 438. Fisheries Management; 442L. Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory.

Specifically:

  • One or two of the following four courses from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences can be applied toward the 44 credits required for a BS in Molecular and Integrative Biology degree.
    Select one or two of the following:
    ANAT 204
      & 204L
    Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel
       and Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory
    5
    MBIO 302
      & 302L
    General Microbiology Lecture
       and General Microbiology Laboratory
    4
    MBIO 328Introduction to Immunology3
    PPT 301Human Physiology4
  • MBIO 202 Introductory Medical Microbiology Lecture/MBIO 202L Introductory Medical Microbiology Laboratory will only be allowed with special permission of the Biology department.
  • Only ANAT 204L Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory and MBIO 302L General Microbiology Laboratory can be applied toward the requirement for four advanced labs. PPT 301 Human Physiology will not be allowed for the advanced lab requirement.
  • PPT 301 Human Physiology and BIOL 442 Physiology of Organs and Systems/BIOL 442L Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory will not both be counted towards the 44 credit requirement for the degree.
  • At least 15 of the total 44 credits required for the BS degree must be taken in the UND Biology department, exclusive of the credits earned in the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences.
  • BIOL 494 Directed Studies, or BIOL 492 Research, may be counted as one upper-division laboratory requirement with appropriate documentation of the laboratory experience and approval by the supervising faculty member, the faculty adviser, and the Biology Department Chairperson.
  • Students may include no more than 10 combined credit hours from BIOL 494 Directed Studies; BIOL 492 Research; and BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis, towards the total 44 credit hours required for this Biology major.

B. Advanced requirements for both the Basic Life Science and the Enhanced Applied Life Science options (minimum 24 credit hours):

BIOL 341LCell Biol Lab1
BIOL 378Developmental Biology3
BIOL 378LDevelopmental Biology Lab1
BIOL 410Molecular Biology Techniques4
BIOL 415Genomics4
BIOL 416Ecological Genomics3
BIOL 418Systems Biology4
BIOL 442Physiology of Organs and Systems3
BIOL 442LPhysiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory1
Total Credits24

III. Cognate requirements in other departments:

A. Basic Life Science Option (30-36 credit hours):

Mathematics *
MATH 146Applied Calculus I **3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
Chemistry and Biochemistry
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHEM 340
  & 340L
Survey of Organic Chemistry
   and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory ***
5
or CHEM 341
  & 341L
  & CHEM 342
  & CHEM 342L
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
   and Organic Chemistry II
   and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
BMB 301Biochemistry3
Physical Sciences
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 212
College Physics I
   and College Physics II
8
or PHYS 251
  & PHYS 252
University Physics I
   and University Physics II
Statistical Methods and Data Interpretation
Select one of the following:3
Biometry
Sociological Statistics
Applied Statistical Methods
Total Credits30-31

 

*

Students with a particular aptitude for mathematics should consider taking both and and should consult with their advisor regarding this potential option.

**

Pre-requisites for either course are the responsibility of the student.

***

The sequence of CHEM 341 Organic Chemistry I and CHEM 342 Organic Chemistry II AND BMB 301 Biochemistry is highly recommended for pre-medicine students because some medical schools require or prefer this combination.

Note: Basic Life Science Option requires 117-123 total credit hours.

 B. Enhanced Applied Life Science Option (45 - 51 credit hours):

Mathematics *
MATH 146Applied Calculus I **3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
Chemistry, Biochemistry, Immunology, and Microbiology
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHEM 340
  & 340L
Survey of Organic Chemistry
   and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory ***
5
or CHEM 341
  & 341L
  & CHEM 342
  & CHEM 342L
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
   and Organic Chemistry II
   and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
CHEM 333Analytical Chemistry3
BMB 301Biochemistry3
BMB 401Biochemistry of Proteins and Information Flow3
BMB 403Advanced Biochemistry Laboratory2
MBIO 302General Microbiology Lecture2
MBIO 302LGeneral Microbiology Laboratory2
MBIO 328Introduction to Immunology3
Physical Sciences
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 212
College Physics I
   and College Physics II
8
or PHYS 251
  & PHYS 252
University Physics I
   and University Physics II
Statistical Methods and Data Interpretation
Select one of the following:3
Biometry
Sociological Statistics
Applied Statistical Methods
Total Credits45-46

 

*

Students with a particular aptitude for mathematics should consider taking both and and should consult with their advisor regarding this potential option.

**

Pre-requisites for either course are the responsibility of the student.

***

The sequence of CHEM 341 Organic Chemistry I and CHEM 342 Organic Chemistry II AND BMB 301 Biochemistry is highly recommended for pre-medicine students because some medical schools require or prefer this combination.

Note: Enhanced Applied Life Science Option requires 132-138 total credit hours.

IV. Additional recommendations.

The coursework outlined for the B.S. degree in Molecular and Integrative Life Science builds a strong foundation for further work in either Basic Life Science or Enhanced Applied Life Science. As students progress through the B.S. degree in Molecular and Integrative Life Science, they are encouraged to seek out additional experiential learning opportunities. In either of the options, students are encouraged to get additional research experience working in the labs of individual faculty associated with the degree program. As students continue to progress through the program they should also explore opportunities for indepth research experiences, including:

Basic Life Science Option: In their Junior and Senior years, students in this option are strongly encouraged to participate in independent summer research internship in the laboratories of UND faculty associated with either the Molecular and Integrative Life Science program or the School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

Enhanced Applied Life Science Option: In their Junior and Senior years, students interested in a career in the biotechnology industry are strongly encouraged to pursue internships in regional biotech corporations and at a minimum take the following courses in entrepreneurship:

ENTR 200Concept Generation and Technology Entrepreneurship1-3
ENTR 201The Entrepreneur and the Enterprise3

Note: Summer research opportunities in faculty labs and the biotechnology industry are highly competitive. Students are encouraged to engage faculty and regional biotech corporations early in their program of study regarding the availability of such opportunities. They should also discuss with their faculty adviser the potential for receiving course credit for these activities.

Description of Recommended Courses in Entrepreneurship

ENTR 200. Concept Generation and Technology Entrepreneurship. 1-3 Credits.

Technical Entrepreneurship is an introductory course for non-business majors to explore important foundational concepts of entrepreneurship, including technical feasibility, marketability, intellectual property (IP) protection, technology transfer, and venture initiation. This course is team-taught by one business school faculty member and one faculty member from a technology-oriented discipline. Not repeatable.

ENTR 201. The Entrepreneur and the Enterprise. 3 Credits.

Introductory course that explores the relationship between ideas, entrepreneurs, markets, and enterprise. Topics include: What is an enterprise?, opportunity discovery, market feasibility, enterprise economics and profitability.


B.S. with Major in Biology (Pre-Health Sciences Emphasis)

This program is designed for students interested in medicine or allied medical fields such as dentistry, veterinary medicine, or medical research. Pre-health students should consult with their Biology adviser and the pre-health adviser in the College of Arts and Sciences to develop an appropriate course of study.

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution), including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (see University ES listing, minimum 39 total credits). The following courses must be taken as part of the Essential Studies requirement:

ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
COMM 110Fundamentals of Public Speaking3
Total Credits9

II. 44 major hours including:

A. Core requirements or each option (24 credit hours), all courses below:

BIOL 120Orientation to the Biology Major1
BIOL 150
  & BIOL 151
General Biology I
   and General Biology II *
6
BIOL 150L
  & BIOL 151L
General Biology I Laboratory
   and General Biology II Laboratory
2
BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 315Genetics3
BIOL 332General Ecology3
BIOL 341Cell Biology3
BIOL 480Senior Capstone Seminar **3
Total Credits24

 

*

Students who take BIOL 111 Concepts of Biology and BIOL 111L Concepts of Biology Laboratory and earn a grade of "B" or higher in both of those courses prior to becoming a Biology major (Pre-Health emphasis) may complete the General Biology sequence by taking BIOL 150 General Biology I and BIOL 150L General Biology I Laboratory.

**

Three credits for an accepted BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis can be substituted for BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar with prior approval of the thesis topic by the Chair of Biology.

We strongly advise mastery of materials in all core courses except BIOL 480 Senior Capstone Seminar prior to enrolling in other 300 or 400 level Biology courses.

No more than one Biology course intended for non-majors (all University of North Dakota 200 level Biology courses) will count toward the 44 hour major.

At least four upper-division Biology courses with laboratories must be included in the 44 hour major. Two upper-division, life sciences-related laboratory courses (lecture + lab = 1 course) from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences may be counted toward the four-course, upper-division laboratory requirement, provided they do not overlap extensively with subject matter in Biology Department courses also being used for credit.  The following courses qualify: 332L. General Ecology Laboratory; 336. Systematic Botany; 341L. Cell Biology Laboratory; 363. Entomology; 364L. Parasitology Laboratory; 369L. Histology Laboratory; 376L. Animal Biology Laboratory; 378L. Developmental Biology Lab; 410. Molecular Biology Techniques; 415. Genomics; 416 Ecological Genomics; 418. Systems Biology; 425. Ichthyology; 426. Birds and Mammals; 431. Wildlife Management; 438. Fisheries Management; 442L. Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory.

Specifically:

  • One or two of the following four courses from the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences can be applied toward the 44 credits required for a BS in Biology degree.
  • Select one or two of the following:
    ANAT 204
      & 204L
    Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel
       and Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory
    5
    MBIO 302
      & 302L
    General Microbiology Lecture
       and General Microbiology Laboratory
    4
    MBIO 328Introduction to Immunology3
    PPT 301Human Physiology4
  • MBIO 202 Introductory Medical Microbiology Lecture/MBIO 202L Introductory Medical Microbiology Laboratory will only be allowed with special permission of the Biology department.
  • Only ANAT 204L Anatomy for Paramedical Personnel Laboratory and MBIO 302L General Microbiology Laboratory can be applied toward the requirement for four advanced labs. PPT 301 Human Physiology will not be allowed for the advanced lab requirement.
  • PPT 301 Human Physiology and BIOL 442 Physiology of Organs and Systems/BIOL 442L Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory will not both be counted towards the 44 credit requirement for a UND Biology degree.
  • At least 15 of the total 44 credits required for the BS degree must be taken in the UND Biology department, exclusive of the credits earned in the UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences.
  • BIOL 494 Directed Studies, or BIOL 492 Research may be counted as one upper-division laboratory requirement with appropriate documentation of the laboratory experience and approval by the supervising faculty member, the faculty adviser, and the Biology Department Chairperson.
  • Students may include no more than 10 combined credit hours from BIOL 494 Directed Studies; BIOL 492 Research; and BIOL 489 Senior Honors Thesis, towards the total 44 credit hours required for this Biology Major.

B. Advanced requirements (minimum 20 credit hours):

Select minimum 12 credit hours of the following (Upper-Level Courses):12
Cell Biol Lab
Parasitology
Parasitology Laboratory
Histology
Histology Lab
Animal Biology
Animal Biology Laboratory
Developmental Biology
Developmental Biology Lab
Systems Biology
Neuroscience
Physiology of Organs and Systems
Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory
Genomics
Molecular Genetics
Molecular Biology of the Cell
Introduction to Immunology
Biology Electives *8
Total Credits20

 

*

All 300 or 400 level Biology courses, including any of those not taken from the group above, will count toward the elective credit hours needed.

III. Cognate requirements in other departments (30-33 credit hours):

Mathematics *
MATH 146Applied Calculus I **3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
Chemistry
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHEM 340
  & 340L
  & BMB 301
Survey of Organic Chemistry
   and Survey of Organic Chemistry Laboratory
   and Biochemistry ***
8-10
or CHEM 341
  & 341L
  & CHEM 342
  & CHEM 342L
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
   and Organic Chemistry II
   and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
Physical Sciences
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 212
College Physics I
   and College Physics II
8
or PHYS 251
  & PHYS 252
University Physics I
   and University Physics II
Statistical Methods and Data Interpretation
Select one of the following:3
Biometry
Introduction to Statistics
Sociological Statistics
Applied Statistical Methods
Total Credits30-33

 

*

Students with a particular aptitude for mathematics should consider taking both MATH 165 Calculus I and MATH 166 Calculus II and should consult with their adviser regarding this potential option.

**

Prerequisites for either course are the responsibility of the student.

***

The sequence of CHEM 341 Organic Chemistry I and CHEM 342 Organic Chemistry II AND BMB 301 Biochemistry is highly recommended for pre-medicine students because some medical schools require or prefer this combination.


B.S. with Major in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology

The Department offers a four-year program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology. Students completing this program are qualified to obtain positions with state, federal and private fisheries and wildlife organizations.

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (see University ES listing, minimum 39 total credits). The following courses must be taken as part of the Essential Studies requirement:

ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
COMM 110Fundamentals of Public Speaking3
Total Credits9

II. The following curriculum:

55 major hours, including:

Basic Courses
BIOL 120Orientation to the Biology Major1
BIOL 121Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife Biology1
BIOL 150
  & BIOL 151
General Biology I
   and General Biology II
6
BIOL 150L
  & BIOL 151L
General Biology I Laboratory
   and General Biology II Laboratory
2
BIOL 312Evolution3
BIOL 315Genetics3
BIOL 332
  & 332L
General Ecology
   and Gen Ecology Lab
4
BIOL 481Fisheries & Wildlife Senior Capstone3
Advanced Courses
Requiered
BIOL 333Population Biology3
BIOL 336Systematic Botany4
BIOL 397Cooperative Education1
BIOL 439Conservation Biology3
BIOL 470Biometry3
Select at least two of the following:6
Wildlife Management
Techniques in Wildlife Population Assessment
Fisheries Management
Electives
Select minimum of 12 hours of the following:12
Animal Behavior
Plant Biology
Entomology
Parasitology
   and Parasitology Laboratory
Animal Biology
   and Animal Biology Laboratory
Disease Biology
Ichthyology
Birds & Mammals
Aquatic Ecology
Total Credits55

 

Students who take BIOL 111 Concepts of Biology and BIOL 111L Concepts of Biology Laboratory and earn a grade of "B" or higher in both of those courses prior to becoming a Fisheries and Wildlife Biology major may complete the General Biology sequence by taking BIOL 150 General Biology I and BIOL 150L General Biology I Laboratory.

Students who transfer in or switch to the Fisheries and Wildlife Biology major as juniors or seniors are not required to take Biol 120.  The overall number of biology credits required of those students will, therefore, be reduced by one credit.

III Cognate courses required in other departments:

Math
MATH 146Applied Calculus I3-4
or MATH 165 Calculus I
Chemistry
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
Physical Sciences
GEOL 101
  & 101L
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
4
or PHYS 211 College Physics I
Geography
GEOG 474
  & 474L
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
   and GIS Laboratory
3
Total Credits18-19


 

Minor in Biology (minimum 20 hours required)

Required 20 hours, including:

BIOL 150
  & BIOL 151
General Biology I
   and General Biology II
6
BIOL 150L
  & BIOL 151L
General Biology I Laboratory
   and General Biology II Laboratory
2
BIOL 315Genetics3
or BIOL 341 Cell Biology
AND
BIOL 312Evolution3
or BIOL 332 General Ecology
Electives6
Total Credits20

All other 300 or 400 level biology courses, including those listed above that have not already been taken to meet the minor requirements, will count toward the 20 hour minor.

No more than one UND life science course from outside the Biology Department may be counted toward completion of the minor.

Courses

Note: All biology courses that count as upper-division labs are marked with an asterisk(*).

BIOL 111. Concepts of Biology. 3 Credits.

Intended for non-science majors seeking general knowledge and cultural appreciation of contemporary biology. F,S.

BIOL 111L. Concepts of Biology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A basic biology laboratory to complement BIOL 111. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 111. F,S.

BIOL 120. Orientation to the Biology Major. 1 Credit.

An introduction to careers available to students majoring in Biology and the coursework and other experiences valuable in pursuing those careers. F.

BIOL 121. Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife Biology. 1 Credit.

This seminar will introduce Fisheries & Wildlife Biology Majors to their program curriculum and profession. Topics will include the history and future directions of the Fish & Wildlife Profession, specialties within the profession, coursework and training necessary for professional preparation, and potential opportunities for field experience during undergraduate education. Students will also meet fisheries and Wildlife Biologists working for state or federal agencies or non-governmental organizations to learn what they do and about opportunities for employment. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. S.

BIOL 124. Environmental Science. 2 Credits.

A study of the effect of human activity upon the environment in which we live. F.

BIOL 150. General Biology I. 3 Credits.

Basic concepts of biology with emphasis on life's diversity, processes, and man's place in nature. Broadly designed to satisfy the needs of those pursuing biological and preprofessional curricula. F,S.

BIOL 150L. General Biology I Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A contemporary biology laboratory to complement BIOL 150, 151. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 150. F,S.

BIOL 151. General Biology II. 3 Credits.

Basic concepts of biology with emphasis on life's diversity, processes, and man's place in nature. Broadly designed to satisfy the needs of those pursuing biological and preprofessional curricula. F,S.

BIOL 151L. General Biology II Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A contemporary biology laboratory to complement BIOL 150, 151. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 151. F,S.

Advanced Courses

Biology 150, 150L, 151 and 151L or equivalent are prerequisites for all 300 and 400 level courses listed below.

BIOL 312. Evolution. 3 Credits.

A study of the processes that have led from the origin of life to the diverse patterns and forms of life observable today Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. S.

BIOL 312R. Evolution Recitation. 1 Credit.

Students use computer simulations and case studies to explore concepts given in Biology 312 lecture, and prepare a scientific poster to communicate their findings to peers. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. Corequisites: BIOL 312. S.

BIOL 315. Genetics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to genetics, with emphasis on classical genetic analysis and the biochemistry of gene transmission, expression and regulation. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. F.

BIOL 315R. Genetics Recitation. 1 Credit.

A recitation to aid students enrolled in BIOL 315: Genetics. The class is designed to review both "big idea" concepts from lecture as well as to work through genetics problems. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. Corequisites: BIOL 315. F.

BIOL 320. Forensic Biology. 3 Credits.

Forensic biology is the application of biological sciences to matters of law. This course covers the concept of biological evidence and focuses on human identification using the serological and genetic methods. This is one of the courses that the American Academy of Forensic Sciences recommends for forensic scientists. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. S.

BIOL 332. General Ecology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to ecology. Covers the relationship of individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems to their biotic and abiotic environments. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. F.

BIOL 332L. Gen Ecology Lab. 1 Credit.

Field projects and laboratory exercises to complement BIOL 332. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 332. F.

BIOL 333. Population Biology. 3 Credits.

Principles of population genetics, population ecology, and evolution in plants and animals. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and MATH 102 or higher. S.

BIOL 336. Systematic Botany. 4 Credits.

Structure, classification, and evolution of vascular plants with emphasis on the flora of the Great Plains. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or equivalent approved by the department. F, even years.

BIOL 338. Animal Behavior. 2 Credits.

Studies in animal social behavior. The influences of environmental factors on behavior is emphasized. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. S, even years.

BIOL 341. Cell Biology. 3 Credits.

Description of processes common to life at the cellular level including: biochemical and structural organization, membrane function, motility, signal transduction, growth, division and genetic regulation of the cell. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHEM 122. S.

BIOL 341L. Cell Biol Lab. 1 Credit.

Laboratory investigation utilizing techniques to study life at the cellular level including chemical composition and characterization, enzyme kinetics, metabolism and microscopy. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L. Prerequisites or Corequisites: BIOL 341, CHEM 121 and CHEM 122. S.

BIOL 350. Plant Biology. 3 Credits.

Structure and function of plants at the cellular, tissue, and whole plant levels. Topics also include ecological adaptations and plant-derived products. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or permission of instructor. S, odd years.

BIOL 363. Entomology. 4 Credits.

Structure, functions, life history, classification, habits and distribution of insects. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. F, even years.

BIOL 364. Parasitology. 2 Credits.

Classification, structure, functions, and life-cycles of parasites having importance to human, wildlife and veterinary health. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. F, odd years.

BIOL 364L. Parasitology Laboratory. 2 Credits.

A basic parasitology laboratory to complement BIOL 364. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 364. F, odd years.

BIOL 369. Histology. 2 Credits.

Microscopical anatomy of vertebrate tissues and organs, with emphasis on man and other mammals. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. S.

BIOL 369L. Histology Lab. 2 Credits.

A basic histology laboratory to complement BIOL 369. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 369. S.

BIOL 376. Animal Biology. 3 Credits.

Evolution, morpho-anatomy, development, reproduction and other aspects of the natural history of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. S.

BIOL 376L. Animal Biology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Observation of live or fixed animals belonging to various invertebrate and vertebrate groups with emphasis on their adaptations to environment/life styles. Laboratory projects will include some of the classical and modern techniques used in systematic studies. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. Corequisite: BIOL 376. S.

BIOL 378. Developmental Biology. 3 Credits.

An overview of general stages and mechanisms of development, experimental approaches used to study developmental processes, and genetic and environmental influences that govern development. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, BIOL 315 and BIOL 341. F.

BIOL 378L. Developmental Biology Lab. 1 Credit.

Developmental Biology Lab is a one-credit class designed to complement the Developmental Biology Course (BI0378). In the laboratory students will be learning and applying a series of analytical and technical skills using a hands-on approach to fundamental developmental concepts. Students should come away from the course with a set of observational and technical skills as well as practical training in clear and accurate scientific documentation. Emphasis will be placed on the scientific method, data analysis, and effective written communication of results. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 378. F.

BIOL 380. Disease Biology. 3 Credits.

A survey of the nature and etiology of infectious and parasitic disease in animals, pathogenicity and ways of transmission of most important disease agents and effect of disease on individual organisms and populations. Particular attention is given to emerging zoonotic diseases transmittable between animals and humans, and between wild and domestic animals. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and BIOL 151. S, odd years.

BIOL 397. Cooperative Education. 1-8 Credits.

A practical work experience with an employer under the direction of a supervisory faculty member. A written final report will be required and will be used as a basis for evaluation. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and approval by the department chair and acceptance by a supervisory faculty member. F,S,SS.

BIOL 410. Molecular Biology Techniques. 4 Credits.

Applications of DNA and RNA analysis and recombinant DNA technologies, emphasizing practical experience in the laboratory. This class will meet twice a week for 50 minutes in the classroom, and students will be expected to work approximately 4-6 hours a week in the lab during open lab times. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisite: BIOL 315 is recommended. F,S.

BIOL 415. Genomics. 4 Credits.

Genomics describes the determination of the complete nucleotide sequence of an organism and subsequent analyses to decode the structural and functional information of all genes and regulatory sequences in the genome. This four-credit course will consist of lectures, computer lab sessions, in-class exercises, take-home assignments, student presentations, and discusson of research articles. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L and BIOL 315. S.

BIOL 416. Ecological Genomics. 3 Credits.

The objective of this course is to introduce students to the theories, vocabulary, and techniques used in the field of Ecological Genomics, which are drawn from ecology, genomics, evolution, and population genetics. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, BIOL 315, and BIOL 332. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 312. S, even years.

BIOL 418. Systems Biology. 4 Credits.

Living organisms are complex systems composed of numerous parts that interact to produce a functional whole. This class introduces basic concepts and methods in systems biology with an emphasis on gene regulatory networks, protein-protein interactions, metabolic pathways, cell-cell interactions, and pattern formation to better understand whole organism function. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 315, BIOL 341, and MATH 103. F.

BIOL 420. Neuroscience. 3 Credits.

A course covering fundamental areas of neuroscience including neuroanatomy, cell and molecular neurobiology, sensory systems, motor systems, regulatory systems, nervous system development, and cognitive and behavioral neuroscience. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and junior standing. F.

BIOL 425. Ichthyology. 3 Credits.

Structure and function, anatomy, physiology, behavior, classification, distribution and ecologic aspects of fishes. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. F, even years.

BIOL 426. Birds & Mammals. 4 Credits.

Birds and Mammals is designed to familiarize students with avian and mammalian biology, including anatomy and physiology, behavior, ecology, evolution and conservation. Lab exercises will be integrated with lecture to emphasize taxonomy and identification. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. S.

BIOL 431. Wildlife Management. 3 Credits.

Theory and methods of management of game populations. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. F, odd years.

BIOL 432. Techniques in Wildlife Population Assessment. 3 Credits.

Techniques in Wildlife Population Assessment is a course designed to teach wildlife biology students the techniques used to assess wildlife populations for conservation and management. Students learn the appropriate situations to use the techniques, how to properly conduct the procedures, how to collect data from the use of these techniques, and how to report the findings to a variety of audiences. The structure of the course is designed to teach students proper research methodology so that they not only know how and when to use the techniques, but also how they can apply their findings to make appropriate management recommendations for wildlife conservation and management under a variety of settings or conditions. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L. F, even years.

BIOL 433. Aquatic Ecology. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the relationships between organisms and their physical, chemical and biological environments in freshwater ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. S, odd years.

BIOL 438. Fisheries Management. 3 Credits.

Concepts and approaches to the management of freshwater fisheries. Course will include discussion of life histories and requirements of important regional sport fishes. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or an equivalent approved by the department. S.

BIOL 439. Conservation Biology. 3 Credits.

A course that integrates information from the disciplines of ecology, genetics, biogeography, economics, environmental policy, and ethics towards understanding how to maintain and restore biological diversity. F, odd years.

BIOL 442. Physiology of Organs and Systems. 3 Credits.

Study of the physiology of organs and organ systems in vertebrates. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and Junior or Senior standing or an equivalent approved by the department. F.

BIOL 442L. Physiology of Organs and Systems Laboratory. 1 Credit.

A physiology laboratory to complement BIOL 442. Counts as an upper-division laboratory course. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or and equivalent approved by the department. Prerequisite or Corequisite: BIOL 442. F.

BIOL 450. Molecular Genetics. 2 Credits.

Topics will include basic molecular genetic mechanisms, recombinant DNA technology, the organization and function of the cell nucleus, and the molecular control of gene expression. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and BIOL 315 or and equivalent approved by the department. S.

BIOL 460. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 3 Credits.

A study of the structure and organization of the cell with a special emphasis on genetic regulation of the cell division cycle, the genetic basis of cancer, and the role of genes in the immune system. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and BIOL 315 or and equivalent approved by the department. F.

BIOL 470. Biometry. 3 Credits.

Analysis of biological data. Covers descriptive statistics, inferential statistics (e.g., t-tests, goodness-of-fit tests, regression, ANOVA and non-parametric tests), and interpreting and presenting statistical results. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or and equivalent approved by the department. F.

BIOL 480. Senior Capstone Seminar. 3 Credits.

Key aspects of scientific inquiry and communication are investigated and assessed. Students will participate in discussions of relevant current issues in biology and will develop an independent research project. This course provides an opportunity for students to integrate and apply knowledge and skills obtained in biology. Prerequisite: Senior status in biological science or permission of instructor. F,S.

BIOL 481. Fisheries & Wildlife Senior Capstone. 3 Credits.

Key aspects of scientific inquiry and communication are investigated and assessed. Students will participate in discussions of relevant current issues in fisheries and wildlife biology and will complete an independent research project. The course provides an opportunity for students to integrate and apply knowledge and skills acquired in fisheries and wildlife biology. Prerequisite: Senior status in Fisheries and Wildlife Biology or permission of the instructor. S.

BIOL 489. Senior Honors Thesis. 1-15 Credits.

Supervised independent study culminating in a thesis. Prerequisites: Consent of the department and approval of the honors committe. F,S.

BIOL 491. Seminar. 1 Credit.

Discussion of selected topics in advanced biology, a different topic each semester. Prerequisite: Major or minor in biology. F,S.

BIOL 492. Research. 1-4 Credits.

Research conducted under the supervision of a faculty member. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, BIOL 151L, and consent of instructor. F,S.

BIOL 494. Directed Studies. 1-4 Credits.

Designed to meet the needs of individual students in the areas of faculty specialization. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. F,S.

BIOL 499. Special Topics. 1-4 Credits.

Important and current topics in biology not covered by other courses. Repeatable when topics vary. Prerequisites: BIOL 150, BIOL 150L, BIOL 151, and BIOL 151L or consent of instructor. On demand.


Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
1.800.CALL.UND
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382