2017-2018 Catalog

Anthropology (Anth)


Cuozzo, Leach, Mihelich (Chair), Mikulak, Scharf and Stubblefield

College of Arts and Sciences

An undergraduate major in anthropology can serve as the nucleus for a general liberal arts education, or as the prerequisite for a graduate education that will qualify a person for positions in

  1. college and university teaching,
  2. research, and
  3. administrative and applied positions in government, non-governmental organizations, and museums.

American anthropology is divided into four main sub-areas—archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and biological anthropology. The undergraduate program at UND emphasizes work in the three areas of archaeology, cultural, and biological anthropology. Both a major and a minor are offered in anthropology.


B.A. with a Major in Anthropology

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies Requirements (see University ES listing).

II. The Following Curriculum (33 Major Credits):

ANTH 170Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
ANTH 171Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 172Introduction to Archaeology3
ANTH 480Senior Seminar3
Method and Theory
Select one of the following (Cultural): 3
Ethnographic Methods
Cultural Dynamics
Culture Theory
Select one of the following (Archaeology): 3
Archaeological Laboratory Methods
Women in Prehistory
Field Techniques in Archaeology
Method and Theory in Archaeology
Archaeological Origins of Plant and Animal Use
Lithic Technology
Select one of the following (Physical): 3
Human Origins
Human Variation
Physical Anthropology Method and Theory
Human Osteology
Electives in Anthropology12
Total Credits33

Required in other departments:

A concentration in a single supplementary field other than anthropology is also required of all anthropology majors. This concentration may be met in two ways:

  1. a language proficiency of level IV in a modern foreign language; or
  2. 20 credit hours, at least 9 of which must be numbered 300 or above, in any single subject matter taught at this university.


Minor in Anthropology

Required 21 credits including:

ANTH 170Introduction to Biological Anthropology3
ANTH 171Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH 172Introduction to Archaeology3
Select one of the following (Method and Theory):3
Archaeological Laboratory Methods
Human Origins
Human Variation
Ethnographic Methods
Cultural Dynamics
Culture Theory
Women in Prehistory
Physical Anthropology Method and Theory
Field Techniques in Archaeology
Method and Theory in Archaeology
Archaeological Origins of Plant and Animal Use
Lithic Technology
Human Osteology
Electives in Anthropology9
Total Credits21


ANTH 100. Introduction to Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the breadth of inquiry pursued by anthropologists, including the origins and biological evolution of humans, the prehistoric development of world cultures, and the interplay of biological, social, and cultural factors in present day societies. On demand.

ANTH 120. Introduction to the Forensic Sciences. 3 Credits.

Introduction to Forensic Sciences is for those who are curious about the many fields of the forensic sciences but have no previous background in: a) science; and/or b) forensic science. This course will explore some of the actual techniques illustrated in popular descriptions of the forensic sciences. In addition to lectures and discussions of the fields of the forensic sciences, students will engage in practical group and individual activities that will promote their understanding of what science is and how is is applied to crime solving and every day life. Students must be able to attend a one-hour laboratory section in addition to lecture times. On demand.

ANTH 170. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the field of biological or physical anthropology. This course will provide a general background in human evolutionary biology. F,S.

ANTH 171. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Examination of diversity and similarities across contemporary world societies. Topics: fieldwork and ethnographic description; theoretical approaches; communication/human language; interrelationships between environment, technology, social and political organization and worldview; sociocultural change; applied anthropology. Films and case studies illustrate intricacies of culture and how an anthropological perspective provides insights about our own society/culture. F,S.

ANTH 172. Introduction to Archaeology. 3 Credits.

This course looks at how we investigate past cultures using the artifacts that people have left behind. What questions do archaeologists ask about the past?How do archaeologists find and record archaeological sites? What field and laboratory techniques are used to collect evidence and gather data, and how do these methods work? How do we interpret and understand the past using archaeological hypotheses, explanations, models and theories? Case studies will be drawn from different regions, cultures, and time periods to illustrate course concepts. F,S.

ANTH 200. World Prehistory. 3 Credits.

In this course we explore the extraordinary five million year-long record of human cultural achievements, as reconstructed by scientific archaeology. We will focus on prehistoric societies (those that existed before the advent of writing and written history), on what happened in the past, and how the major milestones in the development of world cultures came about. These milestones include the cultural evolution of our earliest hominid ancestors from almost 5 million years ago, the two million year-long persistence of the hunting and gathering lifeway, the origins of agriculture and farming societies, and the rise and collapse of prehistoric civilizations. F,S.

ANTH 209. Special Topics. 1-4 Credits.

Repeatable when topics vary. Repeatable. F,S.

ANTH 270. Introduction to Forensic Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Forensic anthropology is the study of skeletal remains in a medico-legal context for the purpose of identification and trauma analysis. This course covers the history of this field, its relevance to death investigation in the United States, and the theories and techniques applied to skeletal identification. On demand.

ANTH 300. Archaeological Laboratory Methods. 3 Credits.

A hands-on introduction to the basic processing, organizing, and analytical techniques used in the archaeological laboratory. Excavated materials from prehistoric sites will be used for lab exercises and demonstrations. Includes lecture and lab. Prerequisites: ANTH 172 and permission of instructor. S.

ANTH 309. Special Topics. 1-4 Credits.

Repeatable when topics vary. Repeatable. F,S.

ANTH 325. Human Origins. 3 Credits.

A description of the fossil evidence for primate and human evolution with an emphasis on the origins and evolution of the hominid and human lines. Prerequisite: ANTH 170 or consent of instructor. On demand.

ANTH 330. Human Variation. 3 Credits.

An examination of the range of human physical variation, with a special emphasis on its adaptive nature. Prerequisite: ANTH 170 or consent of instructor. On demand.

ANTH 335. Primates. 3 Credits.

A survey of the biology and behavior of the living primates, with a special emphasis on similarities and differences to humans. On demand.

ANTH 340. Medical Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An examination of the human biological and cultural responses to health and disease as seen from an anthropological perspective. F.

ANTH 345. Forensic Science. 3 Credits.

An exposure to the basic methods and theoretical bases and inter-relationships of the forensic sciences. A major emphasis is placed on death investigation. F.

ANTH 346. Analysis of Forensic Evidence. 3 Credits.

Emphasis on the practical applications of the forensic sciences. Whenever possible and practical, hands-on exercises will reinforce course topics. Prerequisite: ANTH 345 with a grade of C or better; Forensic Science majors and Criminal Jusice majors and minors only or by instructor's consent. S.

ANTH 350. Ethnographic Methods. 3 Credits.

Introduction to fieldwork methods and analytic approaches used by cultural anthropologists in their ethnographic research; class discussion topics will include ethical issues, framing of research problems, the writing of ethnographic accounts, and modes of presentation of research results. Prerequisite: ANTH 171 or by special permission. On demand.

ANTH 370. Language and Culture. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of modern linguistics; utility of linguistic concepts of culture analysis; interaction of language with other cultural subsystems. Prerequisite: ANTH 171 or consent of instructor. S.

ANTH 371. Cultural Dynamics. 3 Credits.

Focus on sociocultural change along a selected theme, such as "the local and the global," "ethnic minorities and nation-states," or "ethnographer as researcher and writer." Also considered are theoretical orientations in the study of society/culture, fieldwork, ethics, and anthropologists' roles with respect to public policy. Repeatable to 9 credits if topics vary. Prerequisite: ANTH 171. Repeatable to 9 credits. F.

ANTH 372. Culture Theory. 3 Credits.

An overview of the ideas and approaches that have played a role in the development of anthropological studies of societies and cultures. Focus on the contributions of major figures in anthropology, in the past and at present, as well as current issues within the discipline. Prerequisite: ANTH 171.

ANTH 373. Indians of Latin America. 3 Credits.

Examination of traditional and modern Indian cultures of Latin America. Focus on the adaptation to cultural change, the impact of world economy, and the impact of resource exploitation on indigenous peoples. Prerequisite: ANTH 171.

ANTH 375. Women in Prehistory. 3 Credits.

This course will explore recent research that explicitly illuminates women's roles, behaviors and ideologies in the ancient past, and will examine methodological and theoretical attempts to understand how gender can be retrieved from the archaeological record. On demand.

ANTH 376. The Aztec, Maya and Inca. 3 Credits.

An examination of the high civilizations of Latin America with focus on the Aztec, Maya and Inca. On demand.

ANTH 377. North American Archaeology. 3 Credits.

Explores the fascinating cultural developments that have taken place throughout prehistory in North America (north of Mexico), ranging from the first peopling of the Americas to the emergence of complex chiefdoms, and from hunting and gathering to the development of intensive agriculture. On demand.

ANTH 378. Physical Anthropology Method and Theory. 1-4 Credits.

A discussion of current theoretical arguments within the field of physical anthropology and the techniques used to examine them. Prerequisite: ANTH 170. S.

ANTH 379. Culture Area Studies. 3 Credits.

A survey of peoples and cultures of selected areas. Selections based upon staff and student interest. May be repeated to maximum of 6 credits. Repeatable to 6 credits. F,S.

ANTH 380. Field Techniques in Archaeology. 1-6 Credits.

Prerequisites: ANTH 172 and permission of instructor. SS.

ANTH 388. Method and Theory in Archaeology. 3 Credits.

This course explores how archaeologists reconstruct the past: how they formulate research problems and conduct field work; what field and laboratory analytical tools they employ; and how they use data, models, and theory to explain culture change. Techniques, methods, and theoretical frameworks used in modern prehistoric archaeology are examined. Readings in the professional literature, case studies, and guest lecturers provide vivid examples of archaeologists in thought and action. Prerequisite: ANTH 172 or consent of instructor. S.

ANTH 420. Archaeological Origins of Plant and Animal Use. 3 Credits.

This course uses archaeological information to examine the relationships between humans and the plant and animal resources we exploit and will focus on specific examples of economic uses of both wild and domestic species, covering both prehistoric and modern consequences of how we interact with biological resources. Basic issues in floral and faunal analysis such as the recovery, quantification, analysis, and interpretation of plant and animal remains from archaeological sites will be presented in depth. Prerequisite: ANTH 172. On demand.

ANTH 426. Lithic Technology. 3 Credits.

Study of prehistoric stone tool technology and examination of the analytical methods used by archaeologists in lithics research. Prerequisite: ANTH 172 or consent of instructor. F, odd years.

ANTH 439. Human Osteology. 4 Credits.

This course is an intensive examination of human skeletal anatomy, covering the features of the entire human skeleton and the relationship of human osteology to other fields, including palaeoanthropology, palaeopathology, forensic anthropology, and vertebrate anatomy. Prerequisite: ANTH 170 or ANTH 270 or ANAT 204 or consent of instructor. F.

ANTH 441. Forensic Anthropology Field School. 1-6 Credits.

This course is a hands-on exposure to the field and laboratory methods of forensic anthropology. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. SS.

ANTH 465. Culture, Illness and Health. 3 Credits.

Examination of culturally-based beliefs and practices involved in maintenance of health and the handling of illness in non-Western and modern societies. Prerequisite: ANTH 171 or consent of instructor. S.

ANTH 480. Senior Seminar. 3 Credits.

The seminar will examine current debates or an area of study involving two or more subfields of anthropology. The seminar will provide an opportunity for students to integrate knowledge and skills obtained in anthropology. Prerequisites: Senior major status and completion of two of the three method and theory requirements (cultural, archaeology, physical); or departmental permission. S.

ANTH 489. Senior Honors Thesis. 1-8 Credits.

Supervised independent study culminating in a thesis. Repeatable to 9 credits. Repeatable to 9 credits. F,S,SS.

ANTH 492. Independent Studies. 1-4 Credits.

Independent research conducted under advisement with department faculty. Research is student originated and developed. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. Repeatable to 16 credits. F,S.

ANTH 494. Readings in Anthropology. 1-5 Credits.

Designed for students who want instruction in subjects not covered adequately in usual course offerings. Special arrangements must be made with an instructor prior to registration. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. Repeatable to 5 credits. F,S.

ANTH 497. Forensic Science Internship. 1-12 Credits.

Students may enroll in this course after they have secured an intern position in a law enforcement agency, crime laboratory or other institution providing procedural and/or analytical processing of evidence from criminal or civil proceedings. Credits obtained will be determined based on length and content of the internship and course responsibilities. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior status, satisfactory completion of CHEM 122 and BIOL 151, and instructor consent. S/U grading. F,S,SS.

Office of the Registrar

Tel: 701.777.2711
Fax: 701.777.2696

Twamley Hall Room 201
264 Centennial Drive Stop 8382
Grand Forks, ND 58202-8382