2014-2015 Catalog

Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering (Geol and GeoE)

http://www.geology.und.edu

Forsman, Gerla, Gosnold, Hartman (Director), Korom, LaFever, Matheney, Perkins, Putkonen and Yarbrough

The Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering offers Bachelor of Science degrees in Geology, Geological Engineering, and Environmental Geoscience, the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees in Geology, the Master of Science degree in Geological Engineering, and the Doctor of Philosophy degree in Geology. The goals of the undergraduate programs are to provide professional preparation for majors in the geosciences and engineering and to provide guidance to non-majors seeking to gain a greater understanding of Earth and planetary environments and resources. Active student organizations, Beta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Gamma Epsilon (the national Earth science honorary society), The Association of Engineering Geologists (AEG), Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG), Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), and The Association of University of North Dakota Geologists (AUG) provide academic and social opportunities for students including: guest speakers, outings, field trips, research experience, scholarships, and thesis and dissertation research support. The Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering actively supports its LEEPS (Leading Edge of Earth and Planetary Sciences) lecture series, which hosts creative individuals in seminars, luncheons, and other activities for the benefit of the public, faculty, and our students.

Facilities

The Harold Hamm School of Geology and Geological Engineering is housed in Leonard Hall, a facility specifically designed for Geology and Geological Engineering. Leonard Hall facilities are superior to those in most geoscience departments at universities similar in size and mission to UND and include a variety of equipment for teaching and research in field and laboratory areas such as geomorphology, hydrogeology, geophysics, stratigraphy, paleontology, mineralogy, petrology, and geological engineering. The North Dakota Geological Survey’s Wilson M. Laird Core and Sample Library is located directly across the street from Leonard Hall and houses approximately 80 miles of cores and approximately 40,000 boxes of drill cuttings of the Williston Basin, as well as an extensive collection of water well samples and cores. The F. D. Holland Jr. Geology Library, located on the third floor of Leonard Hall, is one of the largest geoscience libraries in the upper Midwest.

For more information about our department and facilities, please visit our website at: http://engineering.und.edu/geology-and-geological-engineering/.

Undergraduate Programs

Four degrees are offered: the Bachelor of Science in Geology and the Bachelor of Arts with a Major in Geology in the College of Arts and Sciences, and the Bachelor of Science in Geological Engineering and the Bachelor of Science in Environmental Geoscience in the College of Engineering and Mines. 

College of Engineering and Mines

The Geological Engineering curriculum gives the student a strong background in engineering and geology that serves as a foundation for meaningful professional practice. Geological engineering encompasses:

  1. exploration and extraction of mineral and energy resources;
  2. geomechanics/geotechnics;
  3. hydrogeology and water resources;
  4. reclamation and contaminant remediation;
  5. environmental site assessment; and
  6. natural hazard investigation.

These areas of expertise span the gap between civil, mining, environmental engineering and geology. To meet these demands, the curriculum contains a broad background in the physical and social sciences, humanities, communications, mathematics, geology, and engineering topics. The program is accredited by the Engineering Commission of ABET, 111 Market Place, Suite 1050, Baltimore, MD 21202-4012, telelphone: (410) 347-7700.

Courses in the curriculum are arranged and integrated to provide the student with progressive preparation for engineering evaluation and design. To facilitate the transition from student to professional, the senior year has a capstone experience that incorporates student creativity and sociological and engineering criteria into a major design project. As the demand for mineral, energy, and water resources increases and population growth and urbanization place a greater strain on the environment, the nation and world will need engineers with a thorough knowledge of geologic materials, processes, and history.

The goal of the geological engineering program a the University of North Dakota is to provide students with the engineering skills and geological expertise necessary to assure that geological, social, and environmental factors are incorporated in the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of engineered structures and systems within their natural setting. Through its strong environmental emphasis, the department strives to develop in its engineering graduates keen insight and abilities to design an environmentally sound and sustainable future for humanity.

To achieve this goal, the School has the following objectives for its engineering graduates:

  • Program graduates shall be able to benefit society by pursuing satisfying professional careers in geological engineering or related fields.
  • Program graduates shall be able to contribute to the public well-being by acquiring new knowledge, increasing productivity through technical innovations, and improving their communication skills.

In addition, our program has a petroleum option, which is designed to prepare students for possible employment in the petroleum industry, while continuing to provide a broad geological engineering background for career flexibility. The graduate pursuing this emphasis will have a B.S. in Geological Engineering and can report that they have completed the petroleum option requirements.

 

Teacher Certification B.A. with Major in Geology B.S. in Geological Engineering B.S. in Environmental Geoscience

College of Arts and Sciences

 

B.S. in Geology

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (see University ES listing).

II. The following curriculum:

Major hours
GEOL 101
  & 101L
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
4
GEOL 102
  & 102L
The Earth Through Time
   and The Earth Through Time Laboratory
4
GEOL 256Critical Thinking in the Geosciences2
GEOL 311Geomorphology4
GEOL 318Mineralogy3
GEOL 320Petrology3
GEOL 330Structural Geology3
GEOL 356Geoscience Lectures1
GEOL 411Sedimentology and Stratigraphy5
GEOL 420The Evolving Earth3
GEOL 421Seminar I1
GEOL 422Seminar II1
GEOL 487Research I1
GEOL 488Research II2
GEOL 494Senior Thesis1
Field Geology (Summer; not available at UND)6
Select two of the following:6-7
Geochemistry
Applied Geophysics
Introduction to Paleontology
Hydrogeology
Required in other departments
CHEM 121
  & 121L
  & CHEM 122
  & CHEM 122L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
   and General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
8
ENGL 110College Composition I3
ENGL 130Composition II: Writing for Public Audiences3
MATH 165
  & MATH 166
Calculus I
   and Calculus II
8
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 211L
College Physics I
   and
4
or PHYS 251
  & PHYS 251L
University Physics I
   and
PHYS 212
  & PHYS 212L
College Physics II
   and
4
or PHYS 252
  & PHYS 252L
University Physics II
   and
Select one of the following:
Calculus III
Applied Statistical Methods
Introduction to Statistics
Departmentally approved courses in engineering, mathematics, foreign language, and other fields of student interest22-24
Total Credits102-105

Teacher Certification

Students seeking secondary teacher certification in Geology must complete the Department of Teaching and Learning Requirements in Secondary Education. Students seeking certification should follow the curriculum for the B.S. in Geology and select Statistics (PSYC 241 Introduction to Statistics, MATH 321 Applied Statistical Methods) rather than MATH 265 Calculus III or Computer Science. The 24 additional hours in science, computer science, statistics, engineering, mathematics, or a foreign language must include each of the following: at least one course in Biology with lab equaling 4 credits, Atmospheric Sciences, and Astronomy.

Geology majors seeking secondary certification must have an adviser both in the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering and in the Department of Teaching and Learning. Formal admission to Teacher Education is required and is normally sought while the student is enrolled in T&L 250 Introduction to Education (see Department of Teaching and Learning listing).

B.A. with Major in Geology

Required 125 credits (36 of which must be numbered 300 or above, and 60 of which must be from a 4-year institution) including:

I. Essential Studies requirements (see University ES listing)

II. The following curriculum:

Major hours
GEOL 101
  & 101L
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
4
GEOL 102
  & 102L
The Earth Through Time
   and The Earth Through Time Laboratory
4
GEOL 256Critical Thinking in the Geosciences2
GEOL 311Geomorphology4
GEOL 318Mineralogy3
GEOL 320Petrology3
GEOL 330Structural Geology3
GEOL 356Geoscience Lectures2
GEOL 420The Evolving Earth3
GEOL 422Seminar II1
Geology Electives (300 level and above)13
Required in other departments
Computer Science and/or Statistics8
CHEM 121
  & 121L
  & CHEM 122
  & CHEM 122L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
   and General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
8
MATH 103College Algebra3
MATH 105Trigonometry2
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 211L
  & PHYS 212
  & PHYS 212L
College Physics I
   and
   and College Physics II
   and
8
Select one of the following:22
Level IV proficiency in a foreign language and six hours of Social Sciences and Arts and Humanities beyond the University requirement
Level II proficiency in a foreign language and 14 hours of Social Sciences and Arts and Humanities beyond the University requirement
Social Sciences and Arts and Humanities beyond the University requirement
Nonspecified electives approved by adviser7
Total Credits100

College of Engineering and Mines

B.S. in Geological Engineering

Required: 128 credits including:

I. Essential Studies Requirements (see University ES listing).

II. The following curriculum:

All students must meet each semester with their academic advisor.

Freshman Year
First SemesterCredits
MATH 165Calculus I 4
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
ENGL 110College Composition I 3
GEOE 203
  & 203L
Earth Dynamics
   and Earth Dynamics Laboratory
4
ENGR 200Computer Applications in Engineering 2
Second Semester
ENGR 201Statics 3
MATH 166Calculus II 4
GEOE 301
  & 301L
Petrophysics
   and Petrophysics Laboratory
4
PHYS 251
  & PHYS 251L
University Physics I
   and
4
 
Sophomore Year
First Semester
MATH 265Calculus III 4
PHYS 252
  & PHYS 252L
University Physics II
   and
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
ME 341Thermodynamics 3
Second Semester
EE 206
   or ENGR 202
Circuit Analysis
   or Dynamics
3
ENGR 203Mechanics of Materials 3
ENGL 125  3
MATH 266Elementary Differential Equations 3
GEOL 330Structural Geology 3
 
Junior Year
First Semester
Apply for professional degree program  
CE 306
   or ME 306
Fluid Mechanics
   or Fluid Mechanics
3
ENGR 460Engineering Economy 3
GEOE 417Hydrogeology 3
Arts & Humanities Elective  3
ECON 210
   or MATH 321
Introduction to Business and Economic Statistics (Statistics Elective)
   or Applied Statistical Methods
3
Second Semester
GEOL 411Sedimentology and Stratigraphy 5
GEOE 323Engineering Geology 4
Technical Elective * 3
Communication Elective  2-3
Summer
Geological Engineering Field Camp (South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Black Hills Field Camp)  6
Senior Year
First Semester
GEOL 414Applied Geophysics 3
GEOE 455
  & 455L
Geomechanics
   and Geomechanics Laboratory
4
GEOE 484Geological Engineering Design 3
Social Science Elective  3
Technical Elective * 2-3
Second Semester
CHE 340
   or PHIL 250
Professional Integrity in Engineering
   or Ethics in Engineering and Science
3
GEOE 485Geological Engineering Design 3
Technical Elective * 3
GEOL 422Seminar II 1
Arts and Humanities Elective  3
Arts and Humanities or Social Science Elective  3
 
 Total Credits: 128-130

 

*

Technical Electives: 8 credits required from courses approved by Geological Engineering Curriculum Committee.

Students may substitute Geology lecture series (GEOL 356 Geoscience Lectures,GEOL 421 Seminar I, GEOL 422 Seminar II) with COMM 110 Fundamentals of Public Speaking (ES=O)

Approved Technical Electives for Geological Engineering

CE 414Foundation Engineering3
CE 421Hydrology3
CE 431Environmental Engineering I3
CE 432Environmental Engineering II3
GEOE 302Reclamation Engineering3
GEOE 351Petroleum Development Engr3
GEOE 418Hydrogeological Methods2
GEOE 419Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation3
GEOE 425Design Hydrology for Wetlands3
GEOE 427Groundwater Modeling3
GEOE 493Selected Topics in Geological Engineering1-3
GEOL 311Geomorphology4
GEOL 321Geochemistry3
GEOL 407Petroleum Geology3
GEOL 491Geologic Problems (only section)1-4
PTRE 311Petroleum Fluid Properties3
PTRE 401Well Logging3
PTRE 411Drilling Engineering3
PTRE 421Production Engineering3
PTRE 431Reservoir Engineering3

Students may petition the Geological Engineering Curriculum Committee (GECC) to use GEOE 397 Cooperative Education, for up to three credits of technical elective credits with the following requirement:

  1. Students must get approval in advance from the GECC and the Department Cooperative Coordinator.
  2. The first cooperative experience may receive up to one credit of technical elective credit.
  3. The second cooperative experience may receive up to two credits of technical elective credit.

Petroleum Option

The program has a petroleum option, which is designed to prepare students for possible employment in the petroleum industry, while continuing to provide a broad geological engineering background for career flexibility. The graduate pursuing this emphasis will have a B.S. in Geological Engineering and can report that they have completed the petroleum engineering option requirements.


B.S. in Environmental Geoscience

The B.S. in Environmental Geoscience, administered by the College of Engineering and Mines, combines a broad foundation in geology with a thorough background in related sciences and mathematics. This degree provides the graduate with more applied and interdisciplinary science skills than the Geology B.S. or B.A. Although not an engineering degree, graduates with a B.S. in Environmental Geoscience are qualified to work in various environmental fields, including field monitoring, remediation of contaminated sites, evaluation of natural hazards, site selection, waste disposal, and water resources. Continuing at the graduate level at UND or other institutions is another option, with opportunities to branch into fields such as geography, ecology, hydrology, and environmental policy. The program includes electives in biology, chemistry, geological engineering, law, and Earth system science. Completion of a summer geology field course, although strongly recommended, is not required for graduation.

Required 125 credits, including:

I. Essential Studies Requirements (see University ES listing).

II. The following Core Curriculum:

41 major hours including:
GEOL 101
  & 101L
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
4
Or
GEOE 203
  & 203L
Earth Dynamics
   and Earth Dynamics Laboratory
4
GEOL 103Introduction to Environmental Issues3
GEOL 220Computer Applications in Geology and Environmental Science2
GEOL 256Critical Thinking in the Geosciences2
GEOL 311Geomorphology4
GEOL 318Mineralogy3
GEOL 321Geochemistry3
GEOL 322Geology, Society, and the Environment3
GEOL 342Environmental and Conservation Hydrology3
GEOL 356Geoscience Lectures1
GEOL 414Applied Geophysics3
GEOL 420The Evolving Earth3
GEOL 421Seminar I1
GEOL 422Seminar II1
GEOL 487Research I1
GEOL 488Research II2
GEOL 494Senior Thesis1
28 hours required in other departments:
BIOL 150
  & 150L
General Biology I
   and General Biology I Laboratory
4
BIOL 151
  & 151L
General Biology II
   and General Biology II Laboratory
4
BIOL 332
  & 332L
General Ecology
   and Gen Ecology Lab
4
CHEM 121
  & 121L
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHEM 122
  & 122L
General Chemistry II
   and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
MATH 165Calculus I4
PHYS 211
  & PHYS 211L
College Physics I
   and
4
Program Electives
Select four courses from the following list:12-14
Wildlife Management
Aquatic Ecology
Analytical Chemistry
Engineering Geology
Hydrogeology
Climatology
Environmental Remote Sensing
   and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory
Site Characterization
LAW 263
Environmental Ethics
Earth System Science
Statistics (PSYC 241, BIOL 470, ECON 210, or MATH 321)3
Other Approved Electives24-26
Total Credits111-115

 

Minor in Geology

Required: 20 credits including:

Select two of the following:7-8
Introduction to Geology
   and Introduction to Geology Laboratory
Earth Dynamics
The Earth Through Time
   and The Earth Through Time Laboratory
Select two of the following:6
Introduction to Environmental Issues
Views of Earth and Planets
Geomorphology
Geology, Society, and the Environment
Remaining electives chosen from Geology courses numbered 300 or higher, not including 3037
Total Credits20-21

GEOL 101. Introduction to Geology. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the dynamics of the Earth -- volcanoes, earthquakes, plate tectonics, streams, groundwater, glaciers, waves, wind, and landslides, with emphasis on the environmental applications of these processes. Introduction to the tools of the geologist -- minerals, rocks, maps, and aerial photographs. GEOL 101L may be taken concurrently. F,S,SS.

GEOL 101L. Introduction to Geology Laboratory. 1 Credit.

An introductory laboratory to complement GEOL 101. Field trip(s) included. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 101. F,S,SS.

GEOL 102. The Earth Through Time. 3 Credits.

The tracing of changes in the Earth and life through time, with emphasis on the record from North America. GEOL 102L may be taken concurrently. F,S.

GEOL 102L. The Earth Through Time Laboratory. 1 Credit.

An introductory laboratory to complement GEOL 102. Field trip included. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 102. F,S.

GEOL 103. Introduction to Environmental Issues. 3 Credits.

Introduction to Environmental Issues. A survey of environmental issues concerning society's interaction with Earth's natural systems and exploitation of Earth's resources. F,S.

GEOL 104. Geology of National Parks. 3 Credits.

An overview of the geology of U.S. National Parks. Unifying geological principles are emphasized. Major topics: sandstone parks, volcanic parks, hot springs and geothermal areas, caves and limestone parks, reefs and fossilized reefs, rivers and erosion, ice and glaciers, mountain building and mountain ranges. S.

GEOL 105. Selected Topics. 1-4 Credits.

A special topic course intended for non-geology majors. Subjects will include many issues of interest to non-geologists and non-scientists, such as earthquakes, evolution, gems, and the geology of National Parks. Repeatable when topics vary. On demand.

GEOL 106. Global Warming: The Facts and Myths. 3 Credits.

Global warming is the most debated current challenge to humans. A large, multifaceted and technically challenging topic, it has been diluted to popular slogans that at best capture some aspects of the issue and at the worst are over simplifications. Most of us who are directly affected by global warming do not undersand the background, do not know what the assertions are based on, and can not evaluate the correctness of the arguments propagated in mass media such as newspapers and talk-radio. This class will provide students with a clear grasp of the science behind global warming discussion, the typical strategies (pros/cons) that are used in the popular media, and a good understanding of the science-based predictions of upcoming changes in the climate and environment In addition to providing general scientific background to understand global warming and the science behind it, the class will visit the arguments that are used both for and against global warming. The graded written tests require students to address typical misinformation about global warming, show general knowledge of the scientific background, and recognize typical means to distort science in the mass media.

GEOL 111. Views of Earth and Planets. 3 Credits.

An introduction to Earth and the Solar System. Coverage includes: the planets and their moons, comets, asteroids, impact craters, meteorites, the sun, the solar system's origin, planetary atmospheres, the living Earth, the question of life elsewhere. F,S.

GEOL 111R. Views of the Earth and Planets Recitation. 1 Credit.

A recitation-discussion to complement GEOL 111. Corequisite: GEOL 111. S.

GEOE 203. Earth Dynamics. 3 Credits.

Introductory physical geology course that also includes elements of historical geology, geomorphology, geohazards, and ethics. Intended for engineering and geosciences majors. F.

GEOE 203L. Earth Dynamics Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory course to accompany Earth Dynamics lecture. The laboratory is delivered as on-campus and virtually using specific required products and digital material. F.

GEOL 205. Surviving on Planet Earth. 3 Credits.

This Essential Studies course stresses critical thinking in covering the basic strategies about humans succeeding on our planet including Earth's hazards (our restless Earth); the balance of life on Earth (evolution and extinction); water in our lives (too much and too little); energy (use and population demands); and global change (Earth as a unique, ongoing experiment). S.

GEOL 220. Computer Applications in Geology and Environmental Science. 2 Credits.

Introduction to the application of computers, software, and digital processing in the geological and environmental sciences. F.

GEOL 256. Critical Thinking in the Geosciences. 2 Credits.

An introduction to the study of geoscience and skills needed to successfully complete a geoscience degree. F.

GEOE 301. Petrophysics. 3 Credits.

Mineral and rock formation, identification and petrophysical properties, particularly with respect to porpous rocks and their interactions with fluids. Prerequisite: GEOE 203. Corequisite: GEOE 301L. F.

GEOE 301L. Petrophysics Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory to accompany GEOE 301. Prerequisite: GEOE 203. Corequisite: GEOE 301. F.

GEOE 302. Reclamation Engineering. 3 Credits.

Principles of reclamation emphasizing: the need for reclamation; geology and hydrogeology of disturbed landscapes, geological, hydrological, and ecological reclamation objectives; current reclamation practices; reclamation of abandoned mine lands; reclamation design; laws, regulations, permits, bonds, and public perception. Includes laboratory and field trip. Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203 or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 303. Selected Topics in Geology. 1-4 Credits.

Each topic is concerned with a special aspect of geology. May be repeated up to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisites: GEOL 100, 101, 102 or consent of the instructor. F,S.

GEOL 311. Geomorphology. 4 Credits.

Dynamics of weathering, mass movement, running water, groundwater, waves, wind and ice in the production of landforms. Includes field trips and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165, PHYS 211, CHEM 121 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOL 318. Mineralogy. 3 Credits.

Survey of the origin, distribution and uses of rock-forming minerals. Introduction to mineral structures, crystal chemistry, and crystallography. Laboratory identification of common minerals in hand sample and petrographic thin section. Introduction to the use of the polarizing microscope. Includes field trip. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203, and CHEM 121 or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 320. Petrology. 3 Credits.

Description, classification and origin of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Field and laboratory study of rocks. Engineering properties of earth materials. Advanced aspects of optical mineralogy. Includes laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 318. F.

GEOL 321. Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Application of the principles of chemistry to geologic and hydrogeologic problems. Origin and distribution of the chemical elements. Introduction to radiochemistry, isotopic geochronology, and stable-isotope geochemistry. Prerequisites: GEOL 318, CHEM 122, and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 322. Geology, Society, and the Environment. 3 Credits.

Relationship of geology to society; natural hazards; misuse and repair of our natural environment; application of geology to engineering, land planning, and resource management. Prerequisite: One introductory geology course or upper division standing; MATH 103 is recommended. S.

GEOE 323. Engineering Geology. 4 Credits.

Application of geological and environmental principles to geotechnical engineering design, construction, and operation. Prerequisites: One introductory geology course, MATH 165 and upper division standing in geology or engineering. On demand.

GEOL 330. Structural Geology. 3 Credits.

Mechanics of rock deformation, analysis of rock structures, preparation and interpretation of geologic maps and cross sections showing structural and tectonic features. Includes laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 318, GEOL 320 and MATH 105. S.

GEOL 340. Digital Mapping Methods. 3 Credits.

This course integrates "hands-on" data acquisitions and map generation with an overview of the technology (GPS, lasers, and data management). Field projects focus on mapping methodology and laboratory projects focus on analysis and presentation. It is assumed that students have an undergraduate geology background and a basic knowledge of computer applications. Prerequisite: Junior Standing in geology.

GEOL 342. Environmental and Conservation Hydrology. 3 Credits.

Topics relating hydrology to the environment and water conservation, including the global and local hydrological cycle, flood occurrence and prediction, water pollution, erosion and sedimentation, wetlands, and water management. Prerequisites: Introductory geology course or upper division standing; MATH 103. F.

GEOL 356. Geoscience Lectures. 1 Credit.

Students attend and evaluate departmental lectures given by visiting scientists and engineers, faculty, and students. May be repeated once. May not be taken concurrently with GEOL 422. F,S.

GEOE 397. Cooperative Education. 1-8 Credits.

For qualified students majoring in geological engineering, geology, or environmental geology and technology. A practical work experience with an employer closely associated with the student's academic area. Positions may require student relocation for one or more semesters. Arranged by mutual agreement among student, department, and employer. Special permission required. Repeatable to 24 credits. F,S,SS.

GEOL 407. Petroleum Geology. 3 Credits.

Origin, accumulation and geologic occurrence of petroleum and gas. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203, and GEOL 102. F, odd years.

GEOL 410. Site Characterization. 3 Credits.

Purposes, techniques, and tools of site investigation. Covers geologic, hyrologic, and ecologic concerns. Hands-on application of principles, tools and techniques at real sites. Prerequisites: GEOL 220, GEOL 311, GEOL 414; BIOL 332, BIOL 332L. F.

GEOL 411. Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 5 Credits.

Origin, transportation, deposition, and diagenesis of sediments; principles and applications of stratigraphy. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisite: GEOL 320. S.

GEOL 414. Applied Geophysics. 3 Credits.

Principles of various geophysical methods and their application to geologic problems. Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOE 203; MATH 165; and PHYS 211 or 251. F.

GEOL 415. Introduction to Paleontology. 4 Credits.

The principles of paleontology/paleobiology are presented using fossils to document the evolutionary, stratigraphic, and paleoecologic history of animal and plant life on Earth. Includes field trip and laboratory. Prerequisites: GEOL 102. Recommended: BIOL 150, BIOL 151. F.

GEOE 417. Hydrogeology. 3 Credits.

Physical and chemical aspects of groundwater movement, supply, and contamination. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 or CHEM 221; MATH 166 or consent of instuctor. F.

GEOE 418. Hydrogeological Methods. 2 Credits.

Field and laboratory methods used in hydrogeology; techniques of drilling, well and piezometer installation, determination of aquifer parameters, geophysical exploration, soil classification and analysis, ground water sampling and analysis. Includes field trip. Prerequisite: GEOE 417. F.

GEOE 419. Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation. 3 Credits.

Statistical methods for groundwater sampling and monitoring network design. Groundwater remediation and design; including strategies that remove contaminants for external treatment and strategies for in-situ contaminant treatment. Prerequisites: MATH 166, GEOE 417 and a statistics course (ECON 210, PSYC 241, MATH 321 or MATH 353) or consent of instructor. S.

GEOL 420. The Evolving Earth. 3 Credits.

A synthesis of the physical, biological, and chemical changes on Earth through time set within geologic systems and unifying concepts. Prerequisite: Senior standing in geology. S.

GEOL 421. Seminar I. 1 Credit.

Instruction and practice of oral and visual presentation in science and engineering. Includes preparation and delivery of artifact talks, chalk talks, and slide talks. Involves critical review of student presentations and departmental guest lectures. Prerequisite: GEOL 356. F,S.

GEOL 422. Seminar II. 1 Credit.

Continuation of GEOL 421 experience. Preparation and delivery of oral presentations in science and engineering, culminating in oral presentation of senior thesis (Geol 490) or Engineering Design (485). Includes critical review of student presentations and departmental guest lectures. Prerequisites: GEOL 421, senior or graduate status in departmental major. F,S.

GEOE 425. Design Hydrology for Wetlands. 3 Credits.

Principles of chemistry, geology, hydraulics, and hydrology applied to natural and constructed wetlands and other small catchments. Prerequisites: CHEM 121 and either CE 306/ME 306 or GEOE 417. S.

GEOE 427. Groundwater Modeling. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of numerical modeling applied to groundwater flow. Short programs using the finite difference method will be written to demonstrate groundwater movement and storage. Simulation of practical groundwater problems will be carried out using the U.S. Geological Survey's MODFLOW code. Prerequisites: GEOE 417 and MATH 265; some programming experience is recommended. F.

GEOE 455. Geomechanics. 3 Credits.

Principles of geomechanics and its application to petroleum and geological engineering. Prerequisites: GEOE 323 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOE 455L. Geomechanics Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Laboratory to accompany GEOE 455. Prerequistes: GEOE 323 or consent of instructor. Corequisite: GEOE 455 or consent of instructor. F.

GEOE 484. Geological Engineering Design. 3 Credits.

The first of a two-course sequence in geological engineering design. Define the design problem, establish design objectives, evaluate alternatives, specify constraints, determine a methodology, complete a formal design problem statement. Prerequisites: Advanced level standing in Geological Engineering and consent of advisor. F.

GEOE 485. Geological Engineering Design. 3 Credits.

Continuation of GEOE 484 taken the preceding semester. Systematic study and design, with determination of feasibility, careful assessment of economic factors, safety, reliability, aesthetics, ethics, and social and environmental impact. Results presented in GEOL 422 Seminar. Prerequisite: GEOE 484. Corequisite: GEOL 422. S.

GEOL 487. Research I. 1 Credit.

Identification and proposal of research project. Includes literature review, feasibility review, and formal project identification and written proposal. Selection of faculty research adviser within first month of semester. Prerequisite: Senior standing in departmental major. F,S.

GEOL 488. Research II. 2 Credits.

Execution of research plan developed in GEOL 487. Prerequisite: GEOL 487.

GEOL 491. Geologic Problems. 1-4 Credits.

Individualized or group study on selected geoscience topics. May be taken more than one semester to maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. F,S,SS.

GEOE 493. Selected Topics in Geological Engineering. 1-3 Credits.

Detailed study of selected topics in Geological Engineering. Includes laboratory if applicable. Repeatable. On demand.

GEOL 494. Senior Thesis. 1 Credit.

Written results of research conducted in Geol 489. The thesis document should conform to the format guidelines of a major English-language journal in which the thesis could be published. A copy is to be provided to the F.D. Holland, Jr. Geology Library. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEOL 488. F,S.

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