BIMD 302 01: General Microbiology Lecture

BIMD 302 - General Microbiology Lecture

2023 Spring Syllabus, Section 01, CRN 9775

Course Information

You are responsible for knowing this material, so please read carefully. Any changes will be announced in a Blackboard Announcement. You will be responsible for any changes. Your continued enrollment in this course is your implicit agreement to abide by the requirements of this class.

Times and Location

TR 1pm-1:50pm in Columbia Hall 1370

Instructor Information

Dr. Monica Norby


Office: Medical School W128; Columbia Hall B700

2023 Spring Office Hours:
By appointment – Starfish Appointment Scheduler

Office Phone: 701-777-4970

Course Description

An introduction to general microbiology with emphasis on the morphology, classification, and physiology of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. The significance of microorganisms in consumer product production, waste disposal, the environment, and interaction with humans is discussed. Two hours of lecture per week.

Related Sections

  • BIMD 302L 01 - General Microbiology Laboratory: TR 11am-12:50pm, Monica Norby
  • BIMD 302L 03 - General Microbiology Laboratory: TR 2pm-4pm, Monica Norby

Course Concepts

 (from American Society for Microbiology Curriculum Guidelines, 2014)

After completing BIMD 302, it is expected that students will have a level of understanding of the following: 

Core Concepts Fundamental Statements
Evolution Cells, organelles (e.g., mitochondria and chloroplasts), and all major metabolic pathways evolved from early prokaryotic cells.
  Mutations and horizontal gene transfer, with the immense variety of microenvironments, have selected for a huge diversity of microorganisms.
  Human impact on the environment influences the evolution of microorganisms (e.g., emerging diseases and the selection of antibiotic resistance).
  The traditional concept of species is not readily applicable to microbes due to asexual reproduction and the frequent occurrence of horizontal gene transfer.
  The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
Cell Structure and Function The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
  Bacteria have unique cell structures that can be targets for antibiotics, immunity, and phage infection.
  Bacteria and Archaea have specialized structures (e.g., flagella, endospores, and pili) that often confer critical capabilities.
  While microscopic eukaryotes (e.g., fungi, protozoa, and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
  The replication cycles of viruses (lytic and lysogenic) differ among viruses and are determined by their unique structures and genomes.
Metabolic Pathways Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
  The interactions of microorganisms among themselves and with their environment are determined by their metabolic abilities (e.g. quorum sensing, oxygen consumption, nitrogen transformations).
  The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
  The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological means.
Information Flow and Genetics Genetic variations can impact microbial functions (e.g., in biofilm formation, pathogenicity, and drug resistance).
  Although the central dogma is universal in all cells, the processes of replication, transcription, and translation differ in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
  The regulation of gene expression is influenced by external and internal molecular cues and/or signals.
  The synthesis of viral genetic material and proteins is dependent on host cells.
  Cell genomes can be manipulated to alter cell function.
Microbial Systems Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
  Most bacteria in nature live in biofilm communities.
  Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
  Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and non-human hosts in beneficial, neutral, or detrimental ways.
Impact of Microorganisms Microbes are essential for life as we know it and the processes that support life (e.g., in biogeochemical cycles and plant and/or animal microbiota).
  Microorganisms provide essential models that give us fundamental knowledge about life processes.
  Humans utilize and harness microbes and their products.
  Because the true diversity of microbial life is largely unknown, its effects and potential benefits have not been fully explored.

Course Materials

Required Text: Microbiology from OpenStax,  

Required Access: Top Hat Pro ( 

Top Hat is an interactive, classroom response system that you will be using in lecture sessions to submit answers to in-class questions using your smartphones, tablets, or laptops. Top Hat requires a paid subscription ($30 for the classroom feature for 1 semester (4 months)). A full breakdown of all subscription options available can be found here: 

You must register with your email address. You can register for our Top Hat course by visiting the course website: If you already have a Top Hat account, you can join our course by entering the Join Code. Our course Join Code 643203. 

Technical Requirements/Assistance

Whether you’re taking courses in the classroom or online, it’s important to have the right technology and equipment.  Visit the UND Technical Requirements webpage for more information. Students are expected to use their official UND email in the course. For technical assistance, please contact UND Technical Support at 701.777.2222. Visit the University Information Technologies (UIT) website for their hours, help documents and other resources.

Course Logistics

Access and Log in Information

This course was developed and will be facilitated utilizing Blackboard. To get started with the course, please go to: and log in with your NDUS.Identifier, Username and Password. If you do not know your NDUS Identifier or have forgotten your password, please visit Your NDUS Account page on the UIT website.

Instructional Strategies 

Due dates are listed in the Blackboard Calendar.

Online LecturesThis class is flipped! This means that lectures will be outside of class as videos posted in Top Hat and “homework” will be done in class as interactive Top Hat questioning. It is expected that you will watch each of the lectures as assigned to that topic before class.  

Topic Reading Questions – Each topic will have a reading from text as well as questions associated with it on Top Hat. No extensions will be granted for missed reading questions. 

Topic Quizzes – Each topic will have an online quiz. The quiz will be available while we are on that topic. Watch the due dates posted in the schedule in this syllabus so that you do not miss a quiz. You are responsible for completing the quiz during the allotted timeframe. Quizzes may be submitted passed the due date, but you will need to ask me to reopen it for you and you will receive a 50% score reduction. You are also required to email me when you have completed the extension or Blackboard will record a zero score.  

In Class ActivitiesBecause this is a flipped course, lectures will be outside of class and during class sessions we will engage in interactive Top Hat questioning. These in-person sessions provide ways for you to interact with the content and come to understand the concepts. Participation, not correctness, will be counted for in-class activities.  

Disease Presentation – You will work with two other classmates to present on a microbial disease of either the skin and eyes (Chapter 21), respiratory system (Chapter 22), genitourinary system (Chapter 23), gastrointestinal tract (Chapter 24), cardiovascular/lymphatic system (Chapter 25), or nervous system (Chapter 26). Presentations will occur throughout the semester and a schedule/sign-up for these presentations will be created and maintained in Blackboard. 

Paper Reviews - At the end of each unit, you will be presented with a variety of papers that relate to the major concepts of the unit. You will need to select one of the papers and complete a “review” by filling out a Review Form. The Review Form will have questions that you answer using the paper you selected. You will find the papers and associated review forms in Blackboard. You will also upload your paper reviews in Blackboard. Extensions will result in a 50% reduction in points.  


Many services are available to UND students such as writing assistance from the UND Writing Center, free online tutoring from Smarthinking, and more. Visit the Student Resources page for more information. Students also have access to the UND Student Resource Site via Blackboard. It is recommended that you become familiar with the tools and tutorials within the site to better equip you in navigating the course.


As a student of BIMD 302, I expect that you 

  • fully review the course syllabus and go to it if you have questions before asking the me; 

  • prepare for class by watching lecture videos, doing preparatory reading, and completing topic quizzes on time; 

  • be able to comfortably use the course technology and seek out help if needed; 

  • effectively and respectfully interact with other students during in-class discussions and activities; 

  • and exercise academic honesty while completing all quizzes and Paper Reviews. 

As the instructor of BIMD 302, you should expect of me that I 

  • clearly inform you of what you should expect from this course; 

  • create a class environment that is worth coming to each day; 

  • provide a safe environment for discussions and activities in which each individual feels comfortable sharing their thoughts and perspectives; 

  • be able to use the course technology effectively and smoothly; 

  • and fairly grade assignments, providing useful feedback in a timely manner. 


If you choose to email me, please use your UND email account. Be sure indicate which class you are in (BIMD 302 lecture) and the reason for the email in the Subject line. I can also be contacted via Starfish and phone, as listed above.

Method of Evaluation

Your grade in this course will be based on your earned points out of a total of 634 points.

Assignment Individual Points
13 Topic Quizzes 10-12 points each – 150 total points
Chapter Reading Questions 2 points each - 148 total points
5 Paper Reviews 50 points each – 250 total points
Disease Presentation 50 points
Top Hat Participation (in-class activities) 90 – 100% = 50
  80 – 89% = 45
  70 – 79% = 40
  60 – 69% = 35
  50 – 59% = 30
  40 – 49% = 25
  30 – 39% = 20
  20 – 29% = 15
  10 – 19% = 10
  1 – 9% = 5
  0% = 0
Total 648
Percentage Grade
90 – 100% A
80 – 89% B
70 – 79% C
60 – 69% D
0 – 59% F

Total points will be carried out to the tenths place value and rounded up to the nearest whole number for the final grade (≥5 is rounded up). For example, if your final grade is 79.4%, that would round to a 79% and you would have a C. If your final grade is 79.6%, that would round to an 80% and you will have a B. No exceptions will be made to this rounding 

Any suspected errors in grading must be called to my attention as soon as they are noticed. 

Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Day: Date: Reading(s): Agenda/Topic: Due:
Tue 1/10 Intro to Microbiology
No Time to Die
Syllabus Review
Thu 1/12 Intro to Microbiology Top Hat Practice
Quiz Practice
Tue 1/17 Unit 1
Topic 1 How We See the Invisible World
Thu 1/19 Unit 1
Topic 1 How We See the Invisible World
Topic 1 Quiz Due Friday, January 20
Tue 1/24 Unit 1
Topic 2 The Cell
Thu 1/26 Unit 1
Topic 2 The Cell
Topic 2 Quiz Due Friday, January 27
Tue 1/31 Unit 2
Topic 3 Prokaryotic Diversity
Unit 1 Paper Review Day Monday, January 30
Thu 2/2 Unit 2
Topic 3 Prokaryotic Diversity
Tue 2/7 Unit 2
Topic 3 Prokaryotic Diversity
Topic 4 The Eukaryotes of Microbiology
Thu 2/9 Unit 2
Topic 4 The Eukaryotes of Microbiology
Topic 3 Quiz Due, Friday, February 10
Tue 2/14 Unit 2
Topic 4 The Eukaryotes of Microbiology
Topic 5 Acellular Pathogens
Thu 2/16 Unit 2
Topic 5 Acellular Pathogens
Topic 4 Quiz Due Friday, February 17
Tue 2/21 Unit 3
Topic 6 Microbial Metabolism
Unit 2 Paper Review Due Monday, February 20
Thu 2/23 Unit 3
Topic 6 Microbial Metabolism
Topic 5 Quiz Due Friday, February 24
Tue 2/28 Unit 3
Topic 7 Microbial Growth
Thu 3/2 Unit 3
Topic 7 Microbial Growth
Topic 6 Quiz Due Friday, March 3
Tue 3/7 Unit 3
Topic 8 Control of Microbial Growth
Thu 3/9 Guest Lecture
Lynn Buschette, Microbiologist Crystal Sugar
Topic 7 Quiz Due Friday, March 10
Tue 3/14 No Class
Thu 3/16 No Class
Tue 3/21 Unit 3
Topic 8 Control of Microbial Growth
Thu 3/23 Unit 4
Topic 9 Biochemistry of the Genome
Topic 8 Quiz Due Friday, March 24
Tue 3/28 Unit 4
Topic 9 Biochemistry of the Genome
Unit 3 Paper Review Due Monday, March 27
Thu 3/30 Unit 4
Topic 10 Microbial Genetics
Topic 9 Quiz Due Friday April 3
Tue 4/4 Unit 4
Topic 10 Microbial Genetics
Thu 4/6 Unit 4
Topic 11 Applications of Microbial Genetics
Topic 10 Quiz Due Friday, April 7
Tue 4/11 Unit 4
Topic 11 Applications of Microbial Genetics
Thu 4/13 Unit 5
Topic 12 Microbial Pathogenicity
Topic 11 Quiz Due Friday, April 14
Tue 4/18 Unit 5
Topic 12 Microbial Pathogenicity
Unit 4 Paper Review Due Monday, April 17
Thu 4/20 Unit 5
Topic 13 Disease & Epidemiology
Topic 12 Quiz Due Friday, April 21
Tue 4/25 Unit 5
Topic 13 Disease & Epidemiology (One Health)
Thu 4/27 Unit 5
Topic 13 Disease & Epidemiology (One Health)
Topic 13 Quiz Due Friday, April 28
Tue 5/2 Unit 5
Topic 13 Disease & Epidemiology (One Health)
Tue 5/9 Unit 5 Paper Review Due

Course Policies

Assignment Policy

Due dates for each Chapter Reading Assignments and Topic Quizzes are posted in Top Hat are are due on Fridays at 5:00 pm (CST). Due dates for Paper Reviews are posted in Blackboard and are due on Mondays by 5:00 pm (CST). Due dates for Disease Presentations are as scheduled in the Blackboard Sign-up with material due by 5:00 pm (CST) the day prior to the presentation. 

Late Work

Due dates are important insofar as they help you spread out your workload and help me keep the behind-the-scenes aspects of the course as organized as possible. All late work will be deducted 50% of the total points earned. 

If you find that you’re having trouble keeping up in this class, you must let me know in advance so I can do what I can to help.

Class Participation

Students are also required to participate in all class activities. Students are expected to attend on campus classes. Part of your grade is determined by in class participation. 

Resolution of Problems

Should a problem occur, you should speak to your instructor first. If the problem continues to be unresolved, go to the department chair, and next to the college dean. Should the problem persist, you have the right to go to the provost next, and then to the president.


When participating in class (online or in person) it is important to interact with your peers in an appropriate manner. Netiquette is a set of rules for behaving properly online. Here are a few basic points to remember when communicating in this course:

Be scholarly. Use proper language, grammar, and spelling. Explain your thoughts, justify opinions, and credit the ideas of others by citing scholarly resources. Avoid misinforming others when you are unsure of the answer.  When discussing something and supplying a guess, clearly state that.

Be respectful. Respect the privacy of others. Do not share personal or professional information about others unless permission has been granted. Respect diversity and opinions that differ from their own. Be tactful when you communicate.

Be professional. Everyone should strive to give their best impression online. Truthfulness, accuracy, and running a final spell check are appropriate expectations for university students. Writing in a legible font and limiting the use of emoticons is considered professional behavior. Profanity and participation in hostile interactions, known as flaming, is unprofessional as well as disruptive.

Be polite. Students should address professors and instructors by the appropriate title or requested name. Students should interact online politely, just as they would be expected to do in a physical environment. Sarcasm, rudeness, and writing in all capital letters (shouting) should be avoided.


Everyone has the right to be addressed by the name and personal pronouns that correspond to their gender identity, including non-binary pronouns, for example: they/them/theirs, ze/zir/zirs, etc.

I recognize that preferred names and pronouns may change during the quarter, if at any point during the quarter you would like to be addressed differently, please let me know.

As part of our commitment to inclusion in this course, it is important that all students in this class respect the preferred names and pronouns of their peers. Mistakes in addressing one another may happen. If you make a mistake or are corrected, please briefly apologize and correct yourself.

Technology Statement

In this class we will have a technology policy that is designed to support your attention to one another and to the course material.  We will spend the majority of our time engaged in activities that depend upon you being present and attentive to one another, and course content we will study. We are all challenged these days by the ways in which our digital devices—including laptops, tablets, phones, and watches—can steal our attention away from our immediate surroundings. Technology should be used for educational purposes only during scheduled class times.

University of North Dakota Policies & Resources

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a serious matter, and any deviations from appropriate behavior will be dealt with strongly. At the discretion of the professor, situations of concern may be dealt with as a scholastic matter or a disciplinary matter.

As a scholastic matter, the professor has the discretion to determine appropriate penalties for the student’s workload or grade, but the situation may be resolved without involving many individuals. An alternative is to treat the situation as a disciplinary matter, which can result in suspension from the University, or have lesser penalties. Be aware that I view this as a very serious matter and will have little tolerance and/or sympathy for questionable practices. A student who attempts to obtain credit for work that is not their own (whether that be on a paper, quiz, homework assignment, exam, etc.) will likely receive a failing grade for that item of work, and at the professor’s discretion, may also receive a failing grade in the course. For more information read the Code of Student Life.

Access and Opportunity, Disability Support, & Medical Services

The University of North Dakota is committed to providing equal access to students with documented disabilities. To ensure access to this class and your program, please contact Disability Services for Students (DSS) to engage in a confidential discussion about accommodations for the classroom and clinical settings. Accommodations are not provided retroactively. Students are encouraged to register with DSS at the start of their program. More information can be obtained by email or by phone at 701.777.2664.


UND is committed to maintaining a safe learning environment while providing quality learning experiences for our students. COVID-19’s continued presence within our UND community may necessitate changes in classroom management as the academic year progresses. As such, UND asks students and instructors to be flexible when necessary to promote a safe environment for learning. Please do not attend an in-person class or lab if you are feeling ill, particularly if you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, or if you have been directed by health professionals to quarantine or isolate. If you are not able to attend class or lab, please notify your instructor as soon as possible and discuss options for making up any missed work in order to ensure your ability to succeed in the course. If you will have an extended absence due to serious illness or other uncontrollable circumstances, you may request an absence notification through the Office of Student Rights and Responsibilities. Similarly, if your instructor is ill they may need to cancel class or temporarily move your course to online delivery to ensure that you are able to complete the course successfully.  Instructors may require students to wear masks in the classroom or in the laboratory as a preventative measure designed to facilitate uninterrupted classroom engagement and to facilitate health and safety in the classroom.   If your instructor does require masks in class or in a laboratory, you are expected to comply with that request.

UND also strongly encourages all members of the University community, including students, to get vaccinated, seek out testing when needed, and model positive behavior both on- and off-campus to foster a healthy and safe learning environment for all students. Individuals who would like to discuss disability accommodations regarding masks should contact the Disability Services for Students (DSS) office at 701.777.2664 or Individuals who are unable to wear a mask due to a sincerely held religious belief should contact the UND Equal Opportunity and Title IX Office at 701.777.4171 or

Religious Accommodations

UND offers religious accommodations, which are reasonable changes in the academic environment that enable a student to practice or observe a sincerely held religious belief without undue hardship on the University. Examples include time for prayer or the ability to attend religious events or observe a religious holiday. To request an accommodation, complete the student religious accommodation request form. If you have any questions, you may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office.

Pregnancy Accommodations

Students who need assistance with academic adjustments related to pregnancy or childbirth may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or Academic Affairs to learn about your options. Additional information and services may be found at Pregnancy Resources.

Notice of Nondiscrimination

It is the policy of the University of North Dakota that no person shall be discriminated against because of race, religion, age, color, gender, disability, national origin, creed, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, marital status, veteran’s status, or political belief or affiliation and the equal opportunity and access to facilities shall be available to all. Concerns regarding Title IX, Title VI, Title VII, ADA, and Section 504 may be addressed to Donna Smith, Assistant Vice President for Equal Opportunity & Title IX and Title IX/ADA Coordinator, 102 Twamley Hall, 701.777.4171, or the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Dept. of Education, 230 S. Dearborn St., 37th Floor, Chicago, IL 60604 or any other federal agency.

Reporting of Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

If you or a friend has experienced sexual misconduct, such as sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking, please contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or UND’s Title IX Coordinator, Donna Smith, for assistance: 701.777.4171;; or visit the Title IX webpage. You may also contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX office if you or a friend has experienced discrimination or harassment based on a protected class, such as race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, pregnancy, marital or parental status, veteran's status, or political belief or affiliation.

Faculty Reporting Obligations Regarding Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

It is important for students to understand that faculty are required to share with UND’s Title IX Coordinator any incidents of sexual misconduct or of discrimination or harassment based on a protected class that they become aware of, even if those incidents occurred in the past or are disclosed as part of a class assignment. This does not mean an investigation will occur if the student does not want that, but it does allow UND to provide resources to help the student continue to be successful at UND. If you have been impacted by discrimination, harassment, or sexual misconduct, you can find information about confidential support services on the Equal Opportunity & Title IX webpage..

UND Cares Program

How to Seek Help When in Distress

We know that while college is a wonderful time for most students, however, some students may struggle or have issues that arise. You may experience students in distress on campus, in your classroom, in your home, and within residence halls. Distressed students may initially seek assistance from faculty, staff members, their parents, and other students. In addition to the support we can provide to each other, there are also professional support services available to students through the Dean of Students and University Counseling Center. Both staffs are available to consult with you about getting help or providing a friend with the help that he or she may need. For more additional information, please visit the UND Cares Program Webpage.

How to Recognize When a Student is in Distress

The term “distressed” can mean any of the following:

  • Student has significant changes in eating, sleeping, grooming, spending, or other daily activities.
  • Student has cut off or minimized contact with family or friends.
  • Student has significant changes in performance or involvement in academics, sports, extracurricular, or social activities.
  • Student describes problems (missing class, not remembering, destructive behavior) that result from experiences with drinking or drugs.
  • Student is acting withdrawn, volatile, tearful, etc.
  • Student is acting out of character or different than usual.
  • Student is talking explicitly about hopelessness or suicide.
  • Student has difficulty concentrating or difficulty carrying on a normal conversation.
  • Student has excessive dependence on others for company or support.
  • Student reports feeling out of control of one’s emotions, thoughts, or behaviors.

Land Acknowledgement Statement

Today, the University of North Dakota rests on the ancestral lands of the Pembina and Red Lake Bands of Ojibwe and the Dakota Oyate - presently existing as composite parts of the Red Lake, Turtle Mountain, White Earth Bands, and the Dakota Tribes of Minnesota and North Dakota. We acknowledge the people who resided here for generations and recognize that the spirit of the Ojibwe and Oyate people permeate this land. As a university community, we will continue to build upon our relations with the First Nations of the State of North Dakota - the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Nation, Spirit Lake Nation, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians.

Additional Resources

It is my goal to foster an environment of mutual respect in which everyone feels comfortable voicing their opinions, sharing their stories, and learning about potentially heavy or personally relevant material. If, at any point, you feel like the information covered in this class elicits thoughts, feelings, or concerns that you would like to discuss further, don’t hesitate to reach out to me, or the UND Counseling Center (701-777-2127).

Further, if you experience extenuating circumstances, sexual violence, identity-based harm, or any other personal crisis during the semester, don’t hesitate to reach out to me so we can provide academic assistance and help you in this course, and put you in contact with the appropriate resources and services (if needed).