AVIT 102 05: Introduction to Aviation

AVIT 102 - Introduction to Aviation

2023 Spring Syllabus, Section 05, CRN 8108

Course Information

You are responsible for knowing this material, so please read carefully. Any changes will be announced in a Blackboard Announcement. You will be responsible for any changes. Your continued enrollment in this course is your implicit agreement to abide by the requirements of this class.

Times and Location

MW 9:05am-11:50am in UND Robin Hall, Rm 246

Instructor Information

Dr. Andrew Leonard

Email: andrew.leonard@und.edu

Office: Robin Hall 333U

2023 Spring Office Hours:
By Appointment: Please email me at any time to schedule an appointment to meet and discuss any issues, questions, or concerns you might have.

Office Phone: 701-777-3489

Course Description

The course will develop the student's knowledge and skills that are needed to safely exercise the privileges and responsibilities of a Private Pilot. Course content includes instruction in aerodynamics, aircraft systems, FAA regulations, U.S. Airspace System, weight and balance, aircraft performance, aviation weather, flight publications, radio navigation, cross-country planning and navigation, basic flight physiology, and flight safety. The student must complete the appropriate flight lessons to satisfactorily complete the course.


Develop the knowledge and skills required of a Private Pilot.

Important Information

  • If you have any concerns about what you are learning in this class, barriers that make learning difficult for you (e.g., struggles with study skills, writing or reading; child care; English as a second language), or the fairness or status of your grade in this course, PLEASE talk to the instructor. The best way to contact me is through email, by phone, or a scheduled meeting.
  • It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of all information in the syllabus, including dates and procedures for assignments and grading; to frequently check the course web page for class announcements or changes; to complete the reading assignments before each class; to take an active role in learning the material; to seek out help from the professor in a timely fashion; to monitor your performance in this class, including keeping track of your grades; and to inform the professor ahead of time in the case of special needs.
  • Important information on the class will be sent to students’ university email account and via Blackboard. Be sure to check these regularly regularly for announcements.
  • Be aware that it is common courtesy to arrive and leave class on time so as not to disturb the professor or other students. Also, while you are encouraged to bring approved electronic devices (computers, tablets) to class as a way of supplementing your learning, Dr. Leonard reserves the right to restrict the use of these devices during class at any time. Please be present in class. This means interacting only with people inside of this class (e.g., no texting, e-mail, etc.).
  • Every class has a culture influenced by the fact that students come from widely diverse backgrounds and hold different values. I encourage you to acknowledge your diversities by listening actively to one another. It is especially important that you listen to students whose opinions differ from your own. I encourage you to discuss your different opinions while remaining respectful to others. You are expected to listen respectfully to other students and me when we are speaking. Racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, ageism, and other forms of bigotry will NOT be tolerated.
  • This class will consist of lecture, small group discussions, class activities, and videos. Lectures and reading material are meant to complement one another rather than repeat one another; thus, class attendance is critical. You are expected to be attentive during class, ask questions if you do not understand something, and participate in class discussions. The assigned readings are to be read prior to the class period for the day assigned.

Course Materials

Required Materials:

  • FAR/AIM Manual  – * on-line at faa.gov
  • Airplane Flying Handbook *
  • Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge *
  • Archer Standardization Manual – on line at UND Publications
  • Archer Checklist
  • Twin Cities Sectional Chart (current)
  • Archer Pilot’s Information Manual
  • Chart Supplement
  • E6B Flight Computer
  • VFR Plotter

Recommended Materials: 

  • Private Pilot Manual, Jeppesen/Sanderson
  • Rod Machado's Private Pilot Handbook
  • Rod Machado's Private Pilot Workbook
  • Aviation Weather
  • Aviation Weather Services *
  • Private Pilot Written Exam Guide

Course Evaluation

Assignment                                 % of Grade

Block Exams                                                       50%
Final Exam                                                          20%
Participation                                                       26%
Flight Points                                                         4%

Grading Standards:

A - 92% and above
B - 84% to 91%
C - 76% to 83%
F - Below 76%

Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Day: Date: Reading(s): Agenda/Topic: Due:
Mon 1/9 No Class
Wed 1/11 Course Introduction
Mon 1/16 No Class
Wed 1/18 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Regulations & actions regarding pre-flight prep Airport Markings & Communications
Mon 1/23 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Weather Products: METAR & TAFs.
Wed 1/25 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Weight & Balance Calculations, Performance Basic
Mon 1/30 Block 1 Exam
Wed 2/1 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Aerodynamics
Mon 2/6 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Weight /Balance Expanded
Wed 2/8 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Performance Expanded
Mon 2/13 Block 2 Exam
Wed 2/15 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Aircraft Familiarization & Aircraft Systems
Mon 2/20 No Class
Wed 2/22 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard FAR Part 91 & Airworthiness Requirements
Mon 2/27 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Flight Instruments
Wed 3/1 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Flight Instruments
Mon 3/6 Block 3 Exam
Wed 3/8 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard National Airspace System
Mon 3/13 No Class
Wed 3/15 No Class
Mon 3/20 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Expanded Communications & FAR’s Part 91 & the AIM
Wed 3/22 Block 4 Exam
Mon 3/27 Risk Management & ADM Aeromedical Factors Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Risk Management & ADM Aeromedical Factors
Wed 3/29 Risk Management & ADM Aeromedical Factors Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Weather Theory & Products
Mon 4/3 Block 5 Exam
Wed 4/5 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Intro to Navigational Methods Flight Computer
Mon 4/10 No Class
Wed 4/12 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Flight Computer VOR/GPS
Mon 4/17 Block 6 Exam
Wed 4/19 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Cross Country Planning
Mon 4/24 Reference the reading guide on Blackboard Cross Country Planning
Wed 4/26 Block 7 Exam
Mon 5/1 Course Wrap-up/ Review
Wed 5/3 Final Exam
Mon 5/8 No Class
Wed 5/10 No Class

Course Policies

Academic Standards

  1. Each student must obtain a minimum score of 76% on all block exams in order to satisfy the FAA Part 141 minimum requirements. Only exams with a score less than 76% must be retaken.  At the end of this course you need a 76% average overall on the block exams to pass.  If your 1st attempt block exam average is less than 76% you are not eligible to take the final exam and a grade of F will be issued.
  2. All aviation students are required to maintain a cumulative, institutional, and aviation GPA of 2.6 or higher. The 2.6 GPA is required to be admitted as an aviation major, to maintain status as an aviation major, to enroll in aviation courses numbered 200 or higher, and to graduate with an aviation degree.
  3. Students are expected to maintain scholastic honesty.  Scholastic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to cheating o an exam, plagiarism, and collusion.  For detailed policy statements and procedures dealing with scholastic dishonesty, see the Code of Student Life, Section 3.

Block Exams

  1. Seven Exams
  2. Questions can be multiple choice, short answer, or true/false and can be taken from classroom assignments, lectures, lab, or reading material.
  3. If you miss an entire block of training, it is at the instructor’s discretion to give a zero for the exam in that block.  You will have to complete a retake exam to comply with 141 requirements.
  4. RETAKE EXAMS are exams that a student must "retake" because he/she made a score less than 76%.  UND does not require that retake exams be given, but this is generally done in aviation classes with a flight component.  Students need to understand that this opportunity is a privilege that professors may allow, and may be restricted.  I plan to allow retake exams under the following criteria:
    1. Retake exams will be taken within one week of the original exam, NO EXCEPTIONS.  No block exam may be taken without the previous block exam being complete. If this exam is not taken within a week from grade issuance, you will not be allowed to take the exam and you will fail the class.
    2. Original scores will be used to determine the UND course grade.
    3. A second failure of a block exam will result in a review board being conducted, at which time the appropriate course of action for the student will be determined. 
    4. Retake exams will be conducted through the Aerospace Learning Center with Mr. Jishnu Basu. His office hours are Tuesday/Thursday from 11:00 to 15:00 in Odegard 206, or by appointment through email at jishnu.basu@und.edu.
  5.  MAKE-UP EXAMS are exams that a student must "make-up" because he/she missed the exam on the day it was given to the remainder of the class.  UND does not require that make-up exams be given, but this is generally done in aviation classes with a flight component to fulfill the requirements of FAA part 141.  Students need to understand that this opportunity is a privilege that instructors may allow, and may be restricted.  If a make-up exam is allowed, the following criteria must be met:
    1. Make-up exams will be taken within one week of the original exam, NO EXCEPTIONS.  Make-up exams will be taken before the next block exam.  No block exam may be taken without the previous block exam being complete. If this exam is not taken within a week of the original exam date or date determined by the professor, you will receive a zero for that exam.
    2. The type of make-up exam is at the professor's discretion.  This means that it may be the same exam as the remainder of the class took, a similar exam, or an essay exam.
    3. At the instructors discretion make-up exams may only be worth 90% of the actual exam grade.

Final Exam

  1. Comprehensive in nature.
  2. Required of all students or an F will be issued for the class.
  3. You need to have a 76% average on all block exams to be eligible to take the final.
  4. There are no Final “Retake” exams. You must receive a 76% on the final to pass the class
  5. Final Exams will be taken on the final exam date as published; NO EXCEPTIONS!!!


Quizzes, in class assignments, having all required materials, and out of class projects will be counted as participation points. These activities will affect your grade significantly so don’t take them lightly.

If you are absent you may not be able to make up the in class participation.  It is your responsibility to find out if there was an out of class assignment given. 

Assignment Policy

All assignments are expected to be turned in on time utilizing , and all exams are expected to be completed on the day they are scheduled.  All university-sponsored absences will be honored but will require the official university card.  It is expected that you will contact Dr. Leonard via email or in person prior to any absences. If you will be gone because of an excused absence, you need to complete the exam and/or hand in your assignment prior to you leaving.


Attendance will be taken in class due to the regulatory attendance requirements of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAR Part 141). If you are absent for any class period, you will be required to make up that class with your instructor or a qualified CFI tutor in the Aerospace Learning Center and submit a makeup form to the instructor prior to taking the next Block Exam. Please remember that information discussed during class is not always in the readings or Power Points but is still likely to be tested on block exams.

UND Aerospace Safety Seminar

This safety seminar is held once a semester and attendance is mandatory for all flight students, faculty, and staff. The safety seminar is offered multiple times enabling students to attend without it having a big effect on their schedules. Please be looking for upcoming information and plan to attend.

FAA Written Exam

Successful completion of the FAA written exam is a requirement for students pursuing their private pilots certificate. You may take this exam at any time during this course. You must have the results of at least 70% or better prior to taking your flight lesson 29 stage check. In order to take the FAA written exam you must obtain a written endorsement from either your flight instructor, or me. Remember that no shows will be given to applicants that cancel their scheduled appointment on the day of the proposed testing.  There is a fee to take this test.

FAA Medical Examination

You are required to possess a valid FAA medical certificate applicable to the pilot operations that you will be performing (FAR 61.23) as long as you are enrolled in this course.  If for some reason you do not hold a valid medical (i.e.: you have a health problem, your medical has expired or been revoked), you need to communicate with your academic advisor to determine your options.  There are many things that can disqualify you from holding an appropriate medical certificate (i.e.: asthma, heart conditions, past history of alcohol/drug abuse or related convictions).  If you are unsure about your particular case, you should consult with an FAA Airman Medical Examiner.

Flight Training Requirements

The completion of a student’s flight training is a requirement for this course.  You must complete all of the lessons in this course no later than December 20th in order to get a grade issued for the course at that time. Students who do not complete the flying by that day must meet the requirements for an SP. 

Since 4% of your grade is determined by your airport activity points, your final grade (UND) for this class could be significantly affected, either negatively or positively, by your flight progress.  If you pass the stage check or meet the deadline listed you will receive the given percentage; if you unsat the event or miss the deadline you will receive 0.  Here is a breakdown of the flight activity requirement:

101 Students
Stage 18 Oral – 2%
Stage 18 Flight – 2%           

102 Students
Combination of Stage 12 and 25 Orals and Flight – 2% total            75% pass rate = 2%
                                                                                                               50% pass rate = 1
                                                                                                             <50% pass rate = 0%
Stage 29 Oral – 1%
Stage 29 Flight – 1%

112 Students
Stage 7 Oral – 2%
Stage 7 Flight – 2%

Retake Students
No flight points given - Need to be done with flight training by the end of the day December 20th or you will receive an F for the course. No Incompletes given.

Flight Hours

Private Pilot Airplane - SEL Certification Course 102 Ed. 14
Solo Archer                                         5.0
Dual Archer                                        35.0
Dual SE FTD                                      2.0
Dual Instruction                                  37.0
Ground Instruction                             10.0
Pre and Post Instruction                     10.0
FAA Written Exam                            1.0

Private Pilot Airplane Test Course 112 Ed. 4 (Must hold a Private Pilot Certificate)             
Dual Archer                                        8.0
Dual Instruction                                  8.0
Ground Instruction                             2.0
Pre and Post Instruction                     1.0

Survey of Flight Non Certification Course 101 Ed. 3
Dual Archer                                        6.0
Dual SE FTD                                      5.5
Dual Instruction                                 11.5
Ground Instruction                             8.0
Pre and Post Instruction                     4.0

Satisfactory Progress Policy

The classroom instructor may issue an “SP” (Satisfactory Progress) if your classroom performance has been acceptable but you have not completed your flight training. If you earn an SP you then have one calendar year from the start of the ground school (AVIT 102) to complete your flight lessons.  If you don’t finish during that time frame, the “SP” will be converted to an “F” in accordance with the FAA approved TCO; there will be no exceptions to this rule.

If your academic performance is below 76% on the block exams or your flying is behind schedule, please take note of the last day to drop this course.

Campus Connection is the primary record of class registration. If you are dropping a class - you MUST drop the class through Campus Connection.

Aviation Department Policy

Students must comply with all Aviation Department Policies, especially those related to repetition of aviation courses, petitions, grade grievances, and student disposition. These can be reviewed at https://learn.aero.und.edu  under Academic Policies – Aviation Department.   Students attempting a course for the third time must submit a petition through the assistant chair of academics to remain enrolled. 


I may revise or change certain parts of this syllabus during the course of the semester.  If changes occur, appropriate notification will be given.


University of North Dakota Policies & Resources

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a serious matter, and any deviations from appropriate behavior will be dealt with strongly. At the discretion of the professor, situations of concern may be dealt with as a scholastic matter or a disciplinary matter.

As a scholastic matter, the professor has the discretion to determine appropriate penalties for the student’s workload or grade, but the situation may be resolved without involving many individuals. An alternative is to treat the situation as a disciplinary matter, which can result in suspension from the University, or have lesser penalties. Be aware that I view this as a very serious matter and will have little tolerance and/or sympathy for questionable practices. A student who attempts to obtain credit for work that is not their own (whether that be on a paper, quiz, homework assignment, exam, etc.) will likely receive a failing grade for that item of work, and at the professor’s discretion, may also receive a failing grade in the course. For more information read the Code of Student Life.

Access and Opportunity, Disability Support, & Medical Services

The University of North Dakota is committed to providing equal access to students with documented disabilities. To ensure access to this class and your program, please contact Disability Services for Students (DSS) to engage in a confidential discussion about accommodations for the classroom and clinical settings. Accommodations are not provided retroactively. Students are encouraged to register with DSS at the start of their program. More information can be obtained by email UND.dss@UND.edu or by phone at 701.777.2664.


UND is committed to maintaining a safe learning environment while providing quality learning experiences for our students. COVID-19’s continued presence within our UND community may necessitate changes in classroom management as the academic year progresses. As such, UND asks students and instructors to be flexible when necessary to promote a safe environment for learning. Please do not attend an in-person class or lab if you are feeling ill, particularly if you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, or if you have been directed by health professionals to quarantine or isolate. If you are not able to attend class or lab, please notify your instructor as soon as possible and discuss options for making up any missed work in order to ensure your ability to succeed in the course. If you will have an extended absence due to serious illness or other uncontrollable circumstances, you may request an absence notification through the Office of Student Rights and Responsibilities. Similarly, if your instructor is ill they may need to cancel class or temporarily move your course to online delivery to ensure that you are able to complete the course successfully.  Instructors may require students to wear masks in the classroom or in the laboratory as a preventative measure designed to facilitate uninterrupted classroom engagement and to facilitate health and safety in the classroom.   If your instructor does require masks in class or in a laboratory, you are expected to comply with that request.

UND also strongly encourages all members of the University community, including students, to get vaccinated, seek out testing when needed, and model positive behavior both on- and off-campus to foster a healthy and safe learning environment for all students. Individuals who would like to discuss disability accommodations regarding masks should contact the Disability Services for Students (DSS) office at 701.777.2664 or UND.dss@UND.edu. Individuals who are unable to wear a mask due to a sincerely held religious belief should contact the UND Equal Opportunity and Title IX Office at 701.777.4171 or UND.EO.TitleIX@UND.edu.

Religious Accommodations

UND offers religious accommodations, which are reasonable changes in the academic environment that enable a student to practice or observe a sincerely held religious belief without undue hardship on the University. Examples include time for prayer or the ability to attend religious events or observe a religious holiday. To request an accommodation, complete the student religious accommodation request form. If you have any questions, you may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office.

Pregnancy Accommodations

Students who need assistance with academic adjustments related to pregnancy or childbirth may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or Academic Affairs to learn about your options. Additional information and services may be found at Pregnancy Resources.

Notice of Nondiscrimination

It is the policy of the University of North Dakota that no person shall be discriminated against because of race, religion, age, color, gender, disability, national origin, creed, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, marital status, veteran’s status, or political belief or affiliation and the equal opportunity and access to facilities shall be available to all. Concerns regarding Title IX, Title VI, Title VII, ADA, and Section 504 may be addressed to Donna Smith, Assistant Vice President for Equal Opportunity & Title IX and Title IX/ADA Coordinator, 102 Twamley Hall, 701.777.4171, UND.EO.TitleIX@UND.edu or the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Dept. of Education, 230 S. Dearborn St., 37th Floor, Chicago, IL 60604 or any other federal agency.

Reporting of Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

If you or a friend has experienced sexual misconduct, such as sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking, please contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or UND’s Title IX Coordinator, Donna Smith, for assistance: 701.777.4171; donna.smith@UND.edu; or visit the Title IX webpage. You may also contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX office if you or a friend has experienced discrimination or harassment based on a protected class, such as race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, pregnancy, marital or parental status, veteran's status, or political belief or affiliation.

Faculty Reporting Obligations Regarding Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

It is important for students to understand that faculty are required to share with UND’s Title IX Coordinator any incidents of sexual misconduct or of discrimination or harassment based on a protected class that they become aware of, even if those incidents occurred in the past or are disclosed as part of a class assignment. This does not mean an investigation will occur if the student does not want that, but it does allow UND to provide resources to help the student continue to be successful at UND. If you have been impacted by discrimination, harassment, or sexual misconduct, you can find information about confidential support services on the Equal Opportunity & Title IX webpage..

UND Cares Program

How to Seek Help When in Distress

We know that while college is a wonderful time for most students, however, some students may struggle or have issues that arise. You may experience students in distress on campus, in your classroom, in your home, and within residence halls. Distressed students may initially seek assistance from faculty, staff members, their parents, and other students. In addition to the support we can provide to each other, there are also professional support services available to students through the Dean of Students and University Counseling Center. Both staffs are available to consult with you about getting help or providing a friend with the help that he or she may need. For more additional information, please visit the UND Cares Program Webpage.

How to Recognize When a Student is in Distress

The term “distressed” can mean any of the following:

  • Student has significant changes in eating, sleeping, grooming, spending, or other daily activities.
  • Student has cut off or minimized contact with family or friends.
  • Student has significant changes in performance or involvement in academics, sports, extracurricular, or social activities.
  • Student describes problems (missing class, not remembering, destructive behavior) that result from experiences with drinking or drugs.
  • Student is acting withdrawn, volatile, tearful, etc.
  • Student is acting out of character or different than usual.
  • Student is talking explicitly about hopelessness or suicide.
  • Student has difficulty concentrating or difficulty carrying on a normal conversation.
  • Student has excessive dependence on others for company or support.
  • Student reports feeling out of control of one’s emotions, thoughts, or behaviors.

Land Acknowledgement Statement

Today, the University of North Dakota rests on the ancestral lands of the Pembina and Red Lake Bands of Ojibwe and the Dakota Oyate - presently existing as composite parts of the Red Lake, Turtle Mountain, White Earth Bands, and the Dakota Tribes of Minnesota and North Dakota. We acknowledge the people who resided here for generations and recognize that the spirit of the Ojibwe and Oyate people permeate this land. As a university community, we will continue to build upon our relations with the First Nations of the State of North Dakota - the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Nation, Spirit Lake Nation, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians.

Additional Resources

It is my goal to foster an environment of mutual respect in which everyone feels comfortable voicing their opinions, sharing their stories, and learning about potentially heavy or personally relevant material. If, at any point, you feel like the information covered in this class elicits thoughts, feelings, or concerns that you would like to discuss further, don’t hesitate to reach out to me, or the UND Counseling Center (701-777-2127).

Further, if you experience extenuating circumstances, sexual violence, identity-based harm, or any other personal crisis during the semester, don’t hesitate to reach out to me so we can provide academic assistance and help you in this course, and put you in contact with the appropriate resources and services (if needed).