AVIT 222 01: IFR Regulations and Procedures

AVIT 222 - IFR Regulations and Procedures

2023 Fall Syllabus, Section 01, CRN 1257

Course Information

You are responsible for knowing this material, so please read carefully. Any changes will be announced in a Blackboard Announcement. You will be responsible for any changes. Your continued enrollment in this course is your implicit agreement to abide by the requirements of this class.

Times and Location

TR 3:30pm-4:45pm in UND Odegard Hall, Rm 111

Instructor Information

Alan Frazier

Course Description

This course will provide the student with a detailed study of the regulations, procedures, and publications necessary for operating IFR in the national airspace system. Terminal and enroute procedures will be studied in detail. The student must complete the appropriate flight lessons to satisfactorily complete the course.

Learning Outcomes

The Commercial Aviation Program is accredited by AABI (Aviation Accreditation Board International)In order to maintain our accreditation, the Department of Aviation has the responsibility to ensure that certain learning outcomes are achievedThe evidence to prove that you have learned the material will be derived from block exam questions. The outcomes established for this course are as follows: 

AABI General and Core Outcomes

1. Ability to analyze and interpret data

2. Ability to apply pertinent knowledge in identifying and solving problems

3. Knowledge of national and international aviation law, regulations, labor relations

4. Knowledge of aviation safety and human factors

5. Knowledge of Meteorology and Environmental Issues

Registration Policy

Registration in all flight courses is limited by flight instructor availability. Consequently, initial authorization to register is obtained through AIMS. Once that authorization is obtained, students must register in Campus Connection. Additional information can be found on the UND Flight Course Enrollment page. Again, Campus Connection is the primary record for class registration. If you intend to drop this course, you MUST drop it through Campus Connection.

Course Materials

Required Materials: 

Instrument Flying Handbook (FAA) 

Instrument Procedures Handbook (FAA) 

Current Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR/AIM) 

ASA Instrument Rating 2023 Test Prep 

Current AeroNav or Jeppesen Approach Charts  

Current AeroNav or Jeppesen en route chart for the local area  

Practical Test Standards (Instrument Rating) 

Recommended Materials:

Aviation Weather 

Aviation Weather Services 

Technical Requirements/Assistance

Whether you’re taking courses in the classroom or online, it’s important to have the right technology and equipment.  Visit the UND Technical Requirements webpage for more information. Students are expected to use their official UND email in the course. For technical assistance, please contact UND Technical Support at 701.777.2222. Visit the University Information Technologies (UIT) website for their hours, help documents and other resources.

Minimum Technical Skills Needed

In order to succeed in this course, at a minimum, you should be able to:

  • Navigate in and use basic Blackboard functions
  • Download and open electronic documents
  • Create, save, and upload/attach electronic documents
  • Send, receive, and manage email

Course Logistics

Course Logistics 

Access and Log in Information 

This course was developed and will be facilitated utilizing Blackboard. To get started with the course, please go to: http://blackboard.UND.edu (http://blackboard.und.edu/) and log in with your NDUS.Identifier, Username and Password. If you do not know your NDUS Identifier or have forgotten your password, please visit Your NDUS Account page (https://campus.und.edu/campus-services/uit/ndus.html) on the UIT website. 


Many services are available to UND students such as writing assistance from the UND Writing Center, free online tutoring from Smarthinking, and more. Visit the Student Resources page (https://und.edu/academics/services/) for more information. Students also have access to the UND Student Resource Site via Blackboard. It is recommended that you become familiar with the tools and tutorials within the site to better equip you in navigating the course. 

Course Requirements/Expectations 

1.The student will review the syllabus and course schedule posted in Blackboard. 

2.The student will access and follow all course instructions found in the weekly area of the Blackboard course. 

3.The student will participate in any lecture or discussion sessions on campus or online as provided and as part of this course. 

4.The student will complete and submit assignments, exams, quizzes, etc. by the dated noted and in the manner described in Blackboard and on the course schedule. We will use Central Standard Time for due dates and times. 

5.The student will participate fully and in a timely manner to get the benefit of learning from instructor and/or peers. 




Announcements will be posted in Blackboard on a regular basis. Be sure to check the class announcements regularly as they will contain important information about class assignments and other class matters. 


If you need to contact me directly, check the Faculty tab in Blackboard or the syllabus for my contact information. I will respond back to you within 48 hours during the week or weekend. 


Exam (96%)

Block 6 Exam23

19 Sept 23

IFR basics review, departure, arrival and holding procedures

Block 7 Exam23

24 Oct 23

Instrument approaches and IFR emergencies

Block 8 Exam23

30 Nov 23

IFR cross-country, weather and ADM

Final Exam27

12 or 14 Dec 23 (See schedule)


Project (4%)

Flight Activity4

Per Flight Operations Schedule

See explanation

Assessment Summary

Grading Scale: 

92% and above A 

84% to 91% B 

76% to 83% C 

75% and below F (FAA requires that the course be retaken) 

Academic Standards: 

Each student must obtain a minimum of 76% on all block exams in order to satisfy the FAA Part 141 minimum requirements Only exams with a score less than 76% may be retaken.  At the end of this course, you need a 76% average overall on the block exams (1st attempt) to pass, if you do not have a 76% average on block exams you will not be eligible to take the final exam and an F will be issued for the course. 

All aviation students are required to maintain a cumulative, institutional GPA of 2.5 or higherThe 2.5 GPA is required to be admitted as an aviation major, to maintain status as an aviation major, to enroll in aviation courses numbered 200 or higher, and to graduate with an aviation degree. 

Students are expected to maintain scholastic honesty.  Scholastic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to cheating on an exam, plagiarism, and collusion.  For detailed policy statements and procedures dealing with scholastic dishonesty, see the Code of Student Life, Section 3. 

Block Examinations:  69% of the course grade 

  • Three exams 
  • Exams will consist of FAA style questions covering material from course textbooks, classroom discussions, films, and assignments.   
  • RETAKE EXAMS are exams that a student must “retake” because he/she received a score less than 76%UND does not require that retake exams be given, but it is a requirement in aviation classes with a flight componentI allow retake exams under the following criteria: 
    • Retake exams must be taken within two weeks of the original exam and before the next block exam is givenNo block exam may be taken without the previous block exam being complete. It is the student’s responsibility to schedule the retake exam.  If the retake is not completed within two weeks of the original exam it will be considered a score of zero for the retake. 
    • A second failure of a block exam may result in a review board being conducted, at which time the appropriate course of action for the student will be determined. 
    • Original scores (score from the first attempt) will be used to determine the UND course grade and to determine the overall exam averageTo pass this course you need at least a 76% average on the three block exams given.  The retake grade listed in AIMS is only for the FAA requirement and has no impact on your academic grade for this course. 
  • MAKE-UP EXAMS are exams that a student must “make-up” because he/she missed the exam on the day it was administered.  UND does not require that make-up exams be given.  Students need to understand that this opportunity is a privilege that instructors may allowI allow make-up exams pursuant to the following: 
    • Make-up exams must be taken within one week or a zero (0) will be issued for that exam gradeNo block exam may be taken without the previous block exam being complete. 
    • Notice of absence must be given to the instructor PRIOR to the exam period, i.e. If you are sick, call or email me BEFORE the exam to let me know you will not be present. 
    • The type of make-up exam is at the instructor’s discretion. 
    • The instructor may ask you for a written statement explaining your absence. 

Final Exam:  27% of the course grade 

  • You must have a 76% block exam average (first attempt exams) in order to be eligible to take the final exam. 
  • The final is comprehensive. 
  • There are no final “retake” examsYou must receive 76% or higher on the final to pass the course. 

Flight Activity4% of the course grade 

Completing the following on first attempt, and if dates are specified in flight training template, by the specified date, earns the listed points: 

  • Stage 129 oral: 1 
  • Stage 129 flight: 1 
  • End of course test oral: 1 
  • End of course test flight: 1 

If you fail to meet a 76% academic average based on the original grade for each exam (without the flight activity points added), you must re-take the class, regardless of your flight performance 

Text Abbreviations

JIC=Jeppesen Instrument Commercial  

IFH=FAA Instrument Flying Handbook 

IPH=FAA Instrument Procedures Handbook    

Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Day: Date: Reading(s): Agenda/Topic: Due:
Tue 8/22 Course Overview & Introductions
Thu 8/24 IFH: 1-1 to 1-10
IPH: Appendix B
Review Basic IFR Topics
Tue 8/29 IFH: 2 & 6 Review Basic IFR Topics
Thu 8/31 IFH: 4, 5, & 7 Review Basic IFR Topics
Tue 9/5 IFH: 10-1 to 10-5
IPH: 1
Departure Procedures
Thu 9/7 IFH:10-9
IPH: 3 (Except 3-21)
Arrival Procedures
Tue 9/12 IFH: 10-10 to 10-13
IPH: 3-21
Holding Procedures
Thu 9/14 Block 6 Exam Review
Tue 9/19 Block 6 Exam
Thu 9/21 Debrief Block 6 Exam
Tue 9/26 IFH: 1-12 to 1-30
IPH: 4-1 to 4-19
Instrument Approach Charts
Thu 9/28 IPH: 4-10 to 4-54 Instrument Approach Charts
Tue 10/3 IFH: 9-1 to 9-24
IPH: 4-66 to 4-68
VOR Theory & VOR Approaches
Thu 10/5 IFH: 9-24 to 9-34
IPH: 4-55 to 4-63
GPS Theory & GPS Approaches
Tue 10/10 IFH: 9-35 to 9-48
IPH: 4-63 to 4-66
Thu 10/12 IPH: 4-69 to 4-78 Contact/Visual/Missed Approaches
Tue 10/17 IFH: 11
IPH: Appendix A
IFR Emergencies
Thu 10/19 Block 7 Exam Review
Tue 10/24 Block 7 Exam
Thu 10/26 Debrief Block 7 Exam
Tue 10/31 IPH: 2 IFR Low Altitude En Route Charts
Thu 11/2 Interpreting Weather Data
Tue 11/7 IFH: 3
IPH: 5
Aeronautical Decision Making
Thu 11/9 Temperature Effects on Approach Procedures
Tue 11/14 IFH: 10 IFR X/C Fight Planning
Thu 11/16 NDB Theory & Approaches
Tue 11/21 Make-up day
Thu 11/23 No Class
Tue 11/28 Block 8 Exam Review
Thu 11/30 Block 8 Exam
Tue 12/5 Debrief Block 8 Exam
Thu 12/7 Final Exam Review
Tue 12/12 1100-1215 Section Final Exam @ 1300
Thu 12/14 1530-1645 Section Final Exam @ 1730


This is a place to add things like resources, rubrics, etc.

Course Policies

Policy on Incompletes: 

Under extenuating circumstances, the classroom instructor may issue an “I” (Incomplete) if your classroom and flight performance has been acceptable. You must show reasonable progress and effort to be considered for an incomplete grade. If issued an incomplete grade, you have one calendar year from the start of the ground school to complete the required flight lessonsIf you don’t finish during that time frame, the “I” will be converted to an “F”.  

Failure to properly progress with your required flight lessons will affect your eligibility to register for future flight coursesBe aware that if a grade of “F” or “I” is given it may impact financial aid for the next semester.  

Classroom Etiquette: 

  1. Exams must be turned in at the end of class, even if they are not complete70 minutes is allowed for block exams and two hours are allowed for the final exam. 
  2. Late students disrupt the class and miss important materialIf tardiness becomes an issue, the classroom door will be locked at the beginning of class, and you will not be admitted.   
  3. Talking interferes with the ability of others to hear the presentationPlease respect the rights of the others in the class. 
  4. Cell phones should be turned off. NO COMPUTER USE ALLOWED IN CLASS! Do not even have it on your desk. If you use a cell phone or computer in class, you will be asked to leave. 


Attendance will be taken via a sign-in sheet due to FAA regulatory attendance requirements. Sign only your name. Signing in someone else will be considered academic dishonesty. Part 141 states that ALL absences must be made up with the student’s flight instructor.   The cost of make-up will be borne by the studentIf class is missed, you will need to turn in a ground certification form (found on the flight lab site) verifying you have received instruction on the material missed before the next block exam.   

FAA Knowledge Exam: 

You are strongly encouraged to take the FAA Instrument Rating Knowledge Exam during the last month of the semester. Your flight instructor will provide you with the appropriate endorsement. There is a fee to take this exam. Call 777-2880 to schedule the exam. 

Disability Statement: 

If you have emergency medical information to share with me, if you need special arrangements in case the building must be evacuated, or if you need accommodations in this course because of a disability, please make an appointment with me as soon as possible. If you plan to request disability accommodation you are expected to register with the Disability Support Services (DSS) office (190 McCannel Hall, 777-3425). 

College/Department Policies

In addition to Course and University Policies, the Colleges and/or Departments may have some of their own.  Please edit this section to add any polices for your college or department.  This could include things like mission statements, professional standards, ethical statements, etc.

University of North Dakota Policies & Resources

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a serious matter, and any deviations from appropriate behavior will be dealt with strongly. At the discretion of the professor, situations of concern may be dealt with as a scholastic matter or a disciplinary matter.

As a scholastic matter, the professor has the discretion to determine appropriate penalties for the student’s workload or grade, but the situation may be resolved without involving many individuals. An alternative is to treat the situation as a disciplinary matter, which can result in suspension from the University, or have lesser penalties. Be aware that I view this as a very serious matter and will have little tolerance and/or sympathy for questionable practices. A student who attempts to obtain credit for work that is not their own (whether that be on a paper, quiz, homework assignment, exam, etc.) will likely receive a failing grade for that item of work, and at the professor’s discretion, may also receive a failing grade in the course. For more information read the Code of Student Life.

Access and Opportunity, Disability Support, & Medical Services

The University of North Dakota is committed to providing equal access to students with documented disabilities. To ensure access to this class and your program, please contact Disability Services for Students (DSS) to engage in a confidential discussion about accommodations for the classroom and clinical settings. Accommodations are not provided retroactively. Students are encouraged to register with DSS at the start of their program. More information can be obtained by email UND.dss@UND.edu or by phone at 701.777.2664.


UND is committed to maintaining a safe learning environment while providing quality learning experiences for our students. COVID-19’s continued presence within our UND community may necessitate changes in classroom management as the academic year progresses. As such, UND asks students and instructors to be flexible when necessary to promote a safe environment for learning. Please do not attend an in-person class or lab if you are feeling ill, particularly if you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, or if you have been directed by health professionals to quarantine or isolate. If you are not able to attend class or lab, please notify your instructor as soon as possible and discuss options for making up any missed work in order to ensure your ability to succeed in the course. If you will have an extended absence due to serious illness or other uncontrollable circumstances, you may request an absence notification through the Office of Student Rights and Responsibilities. Similarly, if your instructor is ill they may need to cancel class or temporarily move your course to online delivery to ensure that you are able to complete the course successfully.  Instructors may require students to wear masks in the classroom or in the laboratory as a preventative measure designed to facilitate uninterrupted classroom engagement and to facilitate health and safety in the classroom.   If your instructor does require masks in class or in a laboratory, you are expected to comply with that request.

UND also strongly encourages all members of the University community, including students, to get vaccinated, seek out testing when needed, and model positive behavior both on- and off-campus to foster a healthy and safe learning environment for all students. Individuals who would like to discuss disability accommodations regarding masks should contact the Disability Services for Students (DSS) office at 701.777.2664 or UND.dss@UND.edu. Individuals who are unable to wear a mask due to a sincerely held religious belief should contact the UND Equal Opportunity and Title IX Office at 701.777.4171 or UND.EO.TitleIX@UND.edu.

Religious Accommodations

UND offers religious accommodations, which are reasonable changes in the academic environment that enable a student to practice or observe a sincerely held religious belief without undue hardship on the University. Examples include time for prayer or the ability to attend religious events or observe a religious holiday. To request an accommodation, complete the student religious accommodation request form. If you have any questions, you may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office.

Pregnancy Accommodations

Students who need assistance with academic adjustments related to pregnancy or childbirth may contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or Academic Affairs to learn about your options. Additional information and services may be found at Pregnancy Resources.

Notice of Nondiscrimination

It is the policy of the University of North Dakota that no person shall be discriminated against because of race, religion, age, color, gender, disability, national origin, creed, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, marital status, veteran’s status, or political belief or affiliation and the equal opportunity and access to facilities shall be available to all. Concerns regarding Title IX, Title VI, Title VII, ADA, and Section 504 may be addressed to Donna Smith, Assistant Vice President for Equal Opportunity & Title IX and Title IX/ADA Coordinator, 102 Twamley Hall, 701.777.4171, UND.EO.TitleIX@UND.edu or the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Dept. of Education, 230 S. Dearborn St., 37th Floor, Chicago, IL 60604 or any other federal agency.

Reporting of Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

If you or a friend has experienced sexual misconduct, such as sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking, please contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX Office or UND’s Title IX Coordinator, Donna Smith, for assistance: 701.777.4171; donna.smith@UND.edu; or visit the Title IX webpage. You may also contact the Equal Opportunity & Title IX office if you or a friend has experienced discrimination or harassment based on a protected class, such as race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, pregnancy, marital or parental status, veteran's status, or political belief or affiliation.

Faculty Reporting Obligations Regarding Discrimination, Harassment, or Sexual Misconduct

It is important for students to understand that faculty are required to share with UND’s Title IX Coordinator any incidents of sexual misconduct or of discrimination or harassment based on a protected class that they become aware of, even if those incidents occurred in the past or are disclosed as part of a class assignment. This does not mean an investigation will occur if the student does not want that, but it does allow UND to provide resources to help the student continue to be successful at UND. If you have been impacted by discrimination, harassment, or sexual misconduct, you can find information about confidential support services on the Equal Opportunity & Title IX webpage..

UND Cares Program

How to Seek Help When in Distress

We know that while college is a wonderful time for most students, however, some students may struggle or have issues that arise. You may experience students in distress on campus, in your classroom, in your home, and within residence halls. Distressed students may initially seek assistance from faculty, staff members, their parents, and other students. In addition to the support we can provide to each other, there are also professional support services available to students through the Dean of Students and University Counseling Center. Both staffs are available to consult with you about getting help or providing a friend with the help that he or she may need. For more additional information, please visit the UND Cares Program Webpage.

How to Recognize When a Student is in Distress

The term “distressed” can mean any of the following:

  • Student has significant changes in eating, sleeping, grooming, spending, or other daily activities.
  • Student has cut off or minimized contact with family or friends.
  • Student has significant changes in performance or involvement in academics, sports, extracurricular, or social activities.
  • Student describes problems (missing class, not remembering, destructive behavior) that result from experiences with drinking or drugs.
  • Student is acting withdrawn, volatile, tearful, etc.
  • Student is acting out of character or different than usual.
  • Student is talking explicitly about hopelessness or suicide.
  • Student has difficulty concentrating or difficulty carrying on a normal conversation.
  • Student has excessive dependence on others for company or support.
  • Student reports feeling out of control of one’s emotions, thoughts, or behaviors.

Land Acknowledgement Statement

Today, the University of North Dakota rests on the ancestral lands of the Pembina and Red Lake Bands of Ojibwe and the Dakota Oyate - presently existing as composite parts of the Red Lake, Turtle Mountain, White Earth Bands, and the Dakota Tribes of Minnesota and North Dakota. We acknowledge the people who resided here for generations and recognize that the spirit of the Ojibwe and Oyate people permeate this land. As a university community, we will continue to build upon our relations with the First Nations of the State of North Dakota - the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate Nation, Spirit Lake Nation, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians.

Additional Resources

It is my goal to foster an environment of mutual respect in which everyone feels comfortable voicing their opinions, sharing their stories, and learning about potentially heavy or personally relevant material. If, at any point, you feel like the information covered in this class elicits thoughts, feelings, or concerns that you would like to discuss further, don’t hesitate to reach out to me, or the UND Counseling Center (701-777-2127).

Further, if you experience extenuating circumstances, sexual violence, identity-based harm, or any other personal crisis during the semester, don’t hesitate to reach out to me so we can provide academic assistance and help you in this course, and put you in contact with the appropriate resources and services (if needed).